We’ve all heard of it? You’ve heard of it? I’ve heard of it? It caused mass destruction, but also nations to united, it 9/11 one of history’s most well-known event it caused shock waves to be sent across the world, so what caused it, what was its purpose?
On the 11th of September 2001 people woke up to bright sunny sky's in New York, Manhattan, people went about the business without a clue that their life would be changed forever. At 7:59 am the first plane took off carrying 5 hijackers, by 8:42 three more planes had taken off with 14 more hijackers on. By 9:45 the US airspace had been shut down with the north and the south tower of the world trade centre, plus the pentagon up in flames. At 9:59 the south tower had collapsed. By 10:28 the north tower had collapsed. This resulting in overall 2,996 deaths, but those who died in the world trade centre alone were 2,753.
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So what caused this devastation and why would somebody want to do this? In a nutshell, it was a highly organised terrorist act and a part of the holy war declared by Osama bin Laden. In his 'Letter to America,' he shockingly stated that their attacks were because the US had supported many attacks against Muslims in places such as Somalia, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia. Also three years before the attacks Al-Qaeda released a Fatwa, stating 'We -- with God's help -- call on every Muslim who believes in God and wishes to be rewarded to comply with God's order to kill the Americans and plunder their money wherever and whenever they find it” This shows the terrorist utter hatred towards the Americans. Is this the reason why the mass destruction of innocent people was caused?
So how did America respond to the 9/11 attacks? Well, we had to short term rescue responses at the world trade centre, pentagon and other sites, at the world trade centre within hours of the attacks, a massive search and rescue (SAR) operation was launched, which included over 350 search and rescue dogs. Initially, only a handful of wounded people were found at the site, and in the weeks that followed it became evident that there weren't many survivors to be found. Only twenty survivors were found alive in the rubble. But we also had the long term responses, including investigations, legislative changes, and military action and restoration projects. The investigations into the motives and the executions led to America declaring a War on Terrorism. That led to military actions in Afghanistan and then Iraq. And then there was the rebuilding of the lower Manhattan.
And finally on quote to finish off 'The September 11th tragedy forced us all to look at the world differently, and it reminds us all of the importance of living every moment.' Will we ever forget nine eleven.
- The 9/11 Commission Report: Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States" by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States.
- The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11" by Lawrence Wright.
- The Terrorist Attacks of September 11, 2001" by CRS Report for Congress.
- United 93" (2006) film directed by Paul Greengrass.
- Fahrenheit 9/11" (2004) film directed by Michael Moore.
- The Ground Truth: The Untold Story of America Under Attack on 9/11" (2019) documentary directed by Richard Barber.
- The 9/11 Report: A Graphic Adaptation" by Sid Jacobson and Ernie Colón.
- The War on Terror: The Oxford Handbook" edited by Richard English and Andreas Gofas.
- The 9/11 Attacks and the War on Terror" by Hal Marcovitz.
- The Day the World Came to Town: 9/11 in Gander, Newfoundland" by Jim DeFede.