Leadership in the revolution of America is seen well in the works of leaders that led the masses through the revolutions that rocked the history of America. Leadership entails the creation of trust within an organization and by the followers. A good leader ought to have a clear mission and statements to create and get the trust from his followers. It is rational to argue that a good leader is he followed by his followers out of curiosity and not reward, power or influence. William Penn, President Abraham Lincoln, Tecumseh and Elias Boudinot played important roles in the revolution ages of United States. The ability to create trust within their followers made it easier to get the majority to follow their course.
William Penn is remembered for the role played in the creation of the state of Pennsylvania. Penn was a Quaker, and in the Quakerism ideology all men were equal and their rank was not a determinant to how you are perceived. The religious meetings of Quakers were of silent meetings with meditation, and people didn’t make formal remarks as opposed to mainstream religion; Anglican and Catholic. Penn fostered the ideology of individual liberty which opposed slavery and conformed to the Afro-American culture’s demands (Young et. al., 358). He emphasized brotherly love in spite of the heavy constraint of opposition in the hands of the King Charles II. He even served a jail term for his Quakerism ideologies. The formation and creation of the Pennsylvania aimed to envisage this view and materialize the ideologies of the Quakers (Soderlund et. al., 70). William Penn’s work ethic and rationality in which he settled amongst the native Lenape community was with ease and in a consensus manner which negates the nature used in the Western part of the U.S. Penn faced opposition from Lord Baltimore who claimed he had ownership over parts of land in Pennsylvania.
William Penn’s leadership had two distinct qualities. He was a team leader, visionary, and an exemplary. He was able to lead his Quakers from London, in England all the way to Pennsylvania and establish a better city structurally than London; Philadelphia. His visionary nature in planning was to avoid the possibility of occurrence of plagues and diseases that rocked Europe that time. He also set an example as a good leader for fellow Quakers to follow by holding on to people and freedom for every man.
William Penn’s works in Pennsylvania were later to be sustained by Abraham Lincoln who hailed from Philadelphia. Abraham Lincoln helped Philadelphia to have a number of important institutions. Through him, Pennsylvania got a library, a police force (Defense), a later-to-be university, an insurance company and a fire brigade team (Union Fire Company) and the Friendly Association (Lincoln et. al., 285).. The Library Company of Philadelphia was the single largest Nobel Peace Prize winner in the country. Lincoln expanded the utopia Penn had envisaged in his mind.
President Abraham Lincoln is recognized as the president that led the Union with over 3 million soldiers to fight the southern states in the civil war to end slavery. Abraham Lincoln in insight was opposed to slavery. Both in the legal fraternity by fighting for the right of freed slaves from being resold as slaves to the political arena as a Republican in his campaign to presidency. Lincoln’s abolitionist view met heavy criticism from the white electorate which made him to conform to the contemporary view that the blacks were inferior to the whites; a view which he negated soon as he took power by passing anti-racist and anti-slavery laws; the emancipation laws (Lincoln et. al., 283). These were met by opposition from radical Republicans who saw the leniency to which Lincoln accorded the then defeated southern states in the reconstruction process by creation of Wade-Davis Bill.
Abraham Lincoln administration and the Republican’s stand on slavery were heavily criticized by Lemuel Haynes. Haynes was an abolitionist of slavery and argued that liberty was essential to blacks. He challenged the status quo that latently existed in republicanism and the laxity to mitigate slavery. He argued the Calvinist religion was to shape slavery and not republicanism as opposed to Abraham Lincoln’s administration. Abraham and Haynes can be argued to have been serving the same ideology to abolish slavery but on conflicting sides.
Tecumseh, the Indian leader, was heavily opposed to the invasion of native America by the whites and affirmed that the Indian way of life was to continue no matter the cost. Tecumseh led the strongest revolution the natives ever seen in history, to fight against the accommodative nature of the Shawnee tribe. The Shawnee land in the Mississippi area was being consumed by the whites, and he possessed the ingenious to bring the very best of his followers. He had the ability to marshal the various Native American tribes towards a common cause, and that is to fight for their land. However, his mission faced heavy opposition from the government and legislations that affected the Indians. Tecumseh was later to be defeated and suppressed in Thames by the U.S.
Tenskwatawa sustained Tecumseh’s ideologies as the Shawnee Prophet and brother to him. He imparted radicalism through his preaching to the youth in the 1810-11, as a way to prepare for the Pan-Indian revolt to reclaim its stolen land. He denounced Christianity in his preaching but however suppressed the efforts of the Swanees to form a formidable force by disobeying his brother’s command to not engage the Whites in his absence; November 7th 1811. This unsuccessful revolt was suppressed and weakened the Swanees who lost their homes too.
Elias Boudinot was a native Cherokee and a lawyer by profession who argued that the inclusivity and cultural integration to the Natives was a matter of key interest. He was influential in the Removal Act of 1830 which saw the Cherokee population move from East Mississippi to occupy the Calhoun, Georgia region (Perdue et. al., 150). Despite Elias Boudinot support for the constitution and the law, he suffered the injustice that came with the white’s invasion. He hoped for his people and the Cherokee Nation to live in a better social environment. President Andrew Jackson sent the army that drove them to Indian land with no food. This precipitated to a significant population of the Cherokee populations succumbing to starvation.
From the findings, a leadership plays a vital role in either the partial of the full attainment of a group’s role in the full achievement of it. Persistence, as seen through President Abraham Lincoln and William Penn, saw them achieve their goals despite facing heavy opposition.
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