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Audience Analysis: Net Neutrality is a Very Complicated Issue

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My audience is college students age 18-25 since they are the future leaders, and who is in my class. My readers do not need much previous information other than what the internet is.My audience is affected by this every day in class whenever we use the internet to research, or any other time they use the internet even if they don’t realize they do.

In this essay, I am just giving information about the topic and arguing both points in the future it would be best if the reader was pro-consumer, and regulations. The worst reader I could have would be someone that is pro large business and anti regulations.I am hoping in reading this exploratory my reader with gathering a greater understanding of the proceedings of net neutrality, and who the major players are. I also hope that the reader will take it apone themselves to contact their congressmen and senators and tell them what they would like to see in rulings on net neutrality.

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Net neutrality is large is a far-reaching issue that some have said might infringe on citizen’s first amendment rights. On the other hand, without Net neutrality rule, many argue that capitalism with take effect and promote healthy market competition. Throughout this essay, we will be discussing the benefits and drawbacks of net neutrality. Recently Ajit Pai, chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, repealed Net neutrality; this has brought back the discussion of whether or not we need net neutrality. Though this debate has recently garnered large amounts of attition it has been a discussed topic as early the 2000s.

In 2010 the Federal Communication Commission approved the open internet order, creating a set of rules for the internet. First, they wanted internet service providers to be transparent on the characteristics of there service. “Fixed and mobile broadband providers must disclose the network management practices, performance characteristics, and terms and conditions of their broadband services”. Next, they prevented internet service providers from blocking lawful content “Fixed broadband providers may not block lawful content, applications, services, or nonharmful devices; mobile broadband providers may not block lawful websites or block applications that compete with their voice or video telephony services”. Lastly, Internet service providers may not discriminate based on network traffic “Fixed broadband providers may not unreasonably discriminate in transmitting lawful network traffic”. After the open internet order was approved multiple Major internet service providers appealed the order in the DC Circuit Courts, it was ruled that since internet service providers were not common carriers the order could not be upheld.

In 2015, in order to reinstate the open internet order, the Federal Communication Commission passed the net neutrality rule of 2015. This classifies internet service providers as common carriers under Title II of the Communication Act of 1934 and making the internet a utility that everyone has equal access to. Following this reclassification, the USTA attempted to repeal the classification of internet service providers in DC circuit court. The courts upheld the Federal Communication Commission classification of internet service providers as common carriers. After the open internet order was put in approved the net neutrality went on for two years without problems.

In 2017 after Donald trump’s Inauguration he appointed Ajit Pai as the chairman of the Federal Communication Commission. Since he was appointed to the Federal Communication Commission in May of 2012 his Regulatory philosophy has not changed much his the first thing is “Consumers benefit most from competition, not preemptive regulation. Free markets have delivered more value to American consumers than highly regulated ones” (Ajit Pai, about the FCC leadership). When he came into office one of the first things he started working on was dismantling the Net neutrality rules. On May 18th the Federal Communication Commission put forward an NPRM intended to repeal net neutrality rules, on December 14, the Federal Communication Commission voted in favor of repealing net neutrality rules.

Following the Federal Communication Commission’s desition to repeal the open internet order, multiple states introduced there own net neutrality rule. Along with 22 states and the district of Columbia are currently suing the Federal Communication Commission, for preempting states from imposing their own net neutrality rules. It is possible for Congress to overrule the Federal Communication Commission or for them to reinstate Net neutrality, but the question is should they?

You might be asking why should Net neutrality not come back, the main reason would be that capitalism with take effect and promote healthy market competition. This is the ideal situation as of now if this plan works out companies would be enough competition for each other to keep driving for better service for the consumer. As Comcast posted the day net neutrality was replied “Your Comcast service isn’t different today. And it won’t be different tomorrow” (Dave Watson, Comcast Remains committed to an open internet). With this idea of letting capitalism take effect, the internet will sort it’s self out.

Now you might say that all sounds great but what about the places where there is no competition, that is where we need Net neutrality. Without net neutrality, the internet could start looking a lot more like 2009 where sites like Netflix that are willing to pay to be the fastest video streaming platform will become the defacto streaming service. Without net neutrality, we could also reach a point where our first amendment rights are being affected, if you think about it if certain news sites could pay internet service providers to be the only news site that can be accessed quickly they can suppress other news outlets.

Net neutrality is a very complicated issue that has been debated for years, and I don’t see the debate ending soon. How every you feel about net neutrality it is good to be informed about what your internet service provider’s ideas on net neutrality are, and use that information to decide whether or not you want to work with them anymore. You should also decide what your opinion on Net neutrality are.

 

 

 

References list

  1. Mina J. Hanna. ‘Net Neutrality: A Brief Overview of the Policy and the FCC’s Ruling to Upend It.’ Computer.org, 1 Apr. 2018, https://www.computer.org/csdl/magazine/co/2018/04/mco2018040078/13rRUwgQpye. Accessed 30 Sept. 2019.
  2. Ajit Pai. Federal Communications Commission, 28 Sept. 2015, https://www.fcc.gov/about/leadership/ajit-pai. Accessed 30 Sept. 2019.
  3. Dave Watson. ‘Comcast Remains Committed to an Open Internet.’ Corporate.com, 11 Jun. 2018, https://corporate.comcast.com/stories/comcast-remains-committed-to-an-open-internet. Accessed 30 Sept. 2019.

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