Please note! This essay has been submitted by a student.
Terrorism in Bangladesh is not a consequence of poverty, inequality or social deprivation. Rather its seeds are artificilly sown and nurtured by the vanquished political elements of the Liberation War. To screen the actual patronizing, the causes have been often attributed to the absence of democracy, lack of rule of law and good governance, despite the country’s rapid growth, workable democracy and sustainable governance. Sustainable development of the country is indeed rejecting the appeal for extremism, violence and jihad. Terror tactics are also aimed at isolating Bangladesh from global and regional discourse.
The current trend of terrorism in Bangladesh was set off by the killing of blogger Rajib Haider who was an activist of Gono Jagoron Mancho. Since 2013 about 70 terror attacks have taken place, with about 52 in the last 18 months, on diversified targets including bloggers, preachers, academics, social and religious minorities, and foreigners. The Gulshan attack reveals desperation amongst the terror outfits and employment of critical assets over attacking high payoff targets for the first time in Bangladesh. Similar symptoms are also seen among the Islamist political parties and its allies, stemming from existential fear. Diversified radicalizaton tactics of have posed a new challenge to the nation. The indulgence of the elite society – student, teachers and businessmen – in terrorism, has uncovered a new dimension of threat. Identification of friend and foe has become more difficult than ever before. The nature and trend of violent extremism in Bangladesh is often misperceived. Incorrect perception leads to fruitless narratives and ineffective strategy. Political linkage to terrorism has compounded the complexity of the threat. It is indeed homegrown, oriented to domestic political agenda, patronized by domestic political actors, and often heaved by former parental state. Bangladesh should use their own knowledge, experience and judgment to counter violent extremism, at the same time placing due assertions to development cooperation and support.
Theory of Change: Theory of Change: The project’s goal is to support Bangladesh Vision 2021 through enhanced security, peace building and conflict management. For this change to happen, a key prerequisite or precondition will be improved capacity and effectiveness of CSOs, government and security oversight bodies to address one most important persistent conflict drivers in Bangladesh today; violent extremism must be effectively countered. AID-COMILLA and its coalition partners of the proposed project, with support from the MSI, will facilitate local CSOs, governments to achieve this outcome through CSO capacity strengthening. To achieve this result, a number of key outputs are necessary — these are the building blocks of this engagement. Firstly, the capacity of local level CSOs to identify and engage with emerging conflict issues and forestall violence must be enhanced. The pivotal role of women and girls in conflict resolution and countering violent extremism must also be recognized, strengthened and built upon in accordance with the UN Resolution 1325. A key assumption, however, is that there will be political goodwill by government to engage in new ways in dealing with peace and security issues and that civil society is willing to engage in countering the new security challenges.
How: Selection CSO’s in Comilla District ; training to the Executive Director and another staff on the issue ; selection of 100 active group ( 2 group per CSO); Training to the 200 group leaders (2 person from each group); field based Training to the 3,000 group members on conflict resolutions, rule of law, family law, divorce , dowry & dower ,arbitration, peace and stability , gender relation , video show-100 events, folk song and folk drama -100 events.
Who: Women of rural Comilla District is the target audience of the project. CSOs are active in every corner of Comilla districts and they have established groups especially for micro credit operation and for other development project activities. We need to make aware of danger of violent extremism every citizen of Bangladesh. For the sustainable of the project after ending of funds it will continue because of CSOs are working with the women of their working area. Far more common are wider CVE programmes in which women are participants/beneficiaries or, to a lesser extent, wider CVE programmes with women-centric components. Women-centric CVE programmes and components generally take one of the following approaches: a) focusing on mothers and building their capacity to influence thinking and behaviour in their children, families and communities; b) building the capacity of women to actively participate in the CVE, peace and security agendas, and c) promoting economic and social empowerment of women, thereby raising their status and voice in their families and communities and reducing their vulnerability to violent extremism (e.g. providing income generating activities so women are not dependent on extremist groups for income).