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Carl Jung's Biography and Works

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On July 26, 1875, a man who would forever change the world of psychology was born – his name was Carl Jung. Born in Switzerland, Jung was the fourth and only surviving child of parents Paul and Emilie. His mother had depression and was never seen while his father was never there either. This made Carl very introverted and solitary, only at his happiest when he was alone by himself with his thoughts. His family was a family of clergymen, and the boy just wanted to understand them. He was lonely all the time and everyone wanted him to carry the clergyman family tradition, which he did not. They all had a failing belief in religion, especially the father of Jung. This made Carl interested in religion and eventually he studied it a bit in college as a young adult. Before the age of 13, Jung was pushed to the ground so severely that he fainted and lost consciousness. This led to future problems in school such as fainting every time he had to do an assignment or even attend. Talking to his doctor, his mother and father feared for the worst and believed he would never succeed in the future. They believed Jung was destined to fail due to the fact that the word “school” couldn’t even be spoken around him without him fainting. With a possibility of epilepsy and a chance at never working or supporting himself, the young boy saw a new light himself which made him focus even harder in school. Trying and trying again, Jung eventually overcame his fainting problem and applied himself even harder in his academical life. Though his fainting days were clearly over, it was his first taste of neurosis. The childhood of Jung was not a happy one it seems, with a depressed mother and a father never really there for him. Once he was pushed at age 12, his life really changed and he had to make up for it with his determination. Luckily, Jung was able to overcome all the obstacles during this time.

Later throughout the years, Jung decided to study in the field of medicine with a slight interest in spiritual phenomena. These two combined interests eventually led to his choice to become a psychiatrist, and a good one at that! Completing his doctoral dissertation called “On the Psychology and Pathology of So-Called Occult Phenomena”, he received his Ph.D at the University of Basel. Not only was his career blooming, his love life was blooming as well as he married Emma Rauschenbach a year after completing university in 1903. Though after marriage, infidelity rose as he had affairs with numerous women. Especially with one girl, Sabrina Spielrein who was his first patient at a psychiatric hospital. Lasting for several years full of love letters and juicy secrecy, it eventually ended due to Jung’s rising career in psychology. After that, early on in his career in 1906, he wrote Studies in Word Association and sent it to Freud. This became the start of their beautiful friendship and once they met in 1907, they talked for hours nonstop – almost twelve! But sadly, the friendship dissolved as quickly as it grew. For a while, they admired each other and Freud described Jung as his little protege. Freud helped him develop his own theories, but then they started to collide with each other. In the end, Jung separated from his teacher’s ideas and focused on dreams and aspiration rather than sex. Forming his own theory called Analytical Psychology set things off as former friends turned against him and he was alone again just like during his childhood.

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During his time of solitude, Jung really wanted to distinguish and remove himself from Freud’s sexual theories. He published many works after the separation. He wrote his own book called The Red Book which documented his subconscious throughout the years even though it was published over 40 years after his death. But one of his most influential works was the Psychological Types, which is an analysis of introverted and extroverted people depending on their consciousness. This was his peak moment in life because shortly after, he finally discovered the collective unconscious along with the ego and personal unconscious. Later in life, he explored the globe, showcasing his works to the public and writing over 200 papers during his time. He died on June 6, 1961 in Zurich as an award winning psychologist. His awards include Zurich’s literature prize, being a man of England’s Royal Society of Medicine, and a member of the Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences.

Carl Jung’s life was definitely a rollercoaster. One full of affairs, loneliness, and separation. But he was able to stay strong through the tough times and he became one of the world’s most renowned psychologists. He never needed Freud and he never needed anyone else to help him develop theories such as the Theory of the Libido and the Theory of the Unconscious. Independent and introverted, Jung was truly something special and marked a new way in behavioral psychology from his birth date to death date.

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