Challenges of Filipino Nationalism in the Philippine Economy


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The Acculturation process consists in changing the culture of a person or group by adapting or borrowing other cultural characteristics. The process of acculturation occurs with everyone. We can’t do anything, but there are two sides, good and bad, like coins. In the Philippines, we are globally competitive and open to change in terms of adapting to global standards. This is good, but we forget our own culture. Go to the level where the great powers see us as an improved country.

The type of acculturation process that we are currently experiencing is called assimilation. Fairy tales are a kind of cultural adaptation that destroys the local or indigenous sector. We focus only on imports or international standards and know that this is better in the long run. In the following way:

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  1. Amor Propio – for outsiders or expatriate, Amor Propio seems like a simple and straightforward function and literal translation. However, this high respect strengthens all the other traditional features of the Philippines. The Philippines seems to face strong Westerners.
  2. Hiya or Social Propriety – standards of what’s normal and what isn’t. You wouldn’t want to do anything that will cause your bloodline shame. That the spirit of Filipino’s
  3. Debt of Gratitude – The repayment concept is not as simple as ordinary debt as “utang na loob”. This is due to the fact that debt on credit is very subjective, mainly based on morality or politeness and is measured only by feelings and social politeness. This social and emotional guilt forces children to return after graduation. It is considered a free thinker and immigrants are considered irrational and misunderstood, but the adoption of this concept depends on the family itself.
  4. Contextual communication – Filipinos have more contextual communication than with low contextual communication. Most Filipinos are very embarrassed and restrained say “no” and hope that others can gets “no.”

In Nation Building we faced different challenges, First is to shape a nation that was united. Second, to establish and develop democracy in accordance of Constitutions like setting the rules. Lastly, to ensure the development and well-being of the entire society.

In the political challenge, we see how Filipino nationalism is reflected in the persecution of the President of the Philippines. One of the problems that Filipinos face is the responsibility of Datu and his control, as well as those who can mobilize the head of the village or the person who will replace Datu. Those who want to achieve these goals are described in different ways: “Chief” or “Great man”. These were the people who led the village to win the war against other villages. This man has shown amazing achievements in war and commerce, which are spiritual strengths that can improve people’s well-being. Thanks to achievements and charisma, you can get personal loyalty from your extended line. He has been confronted with problems all his life and can maintain his position only if he continues to succeed. This heir does not have to be a biological descendant, and since his son does not inherit the courage of his father, it is difficult to determine the dynasty. Each Datu was convinced of the growth of his superior, which led him to endless competition with his colleagues, requiring constant knowledge of diplomatic skills and the activities of competitors. Busy harbors in many respects strengthened and strengthened the coastal areas of Datu. As the largest local dealer, you directly benefit from the deal. We charge port fees, just like anyone who manages a port and provides security, equipment and supplies for merchants. And as a political leader, he visited merchants in honor of him and used his power as a weapon. The latter is necessary to prevent piracy and to prevent foreign ships from visiting a port to trade in competing ports.

We know that the First Philippine Republic began after the Philippine Revolution with Spain (1896-1897) and after the Spanish-American War between Spain and the USA (1898). In the declaration of independence of the Philippines of June 12, 1898, he formed the innovative government of the Philippines. In December 1898, Spain sold the Philippines to the United States in accordance with the Paris Agreement of 1898 or what we called Treaty of Paris, officially making the US government Philippine. The following month, the Malolos constitution was announced to create the first Philippine Republic. The Philippine-American War began in February 1899 and was built by the Philippine Republic.

He was one of the first to establish a constitutional republic in Asia. Although, there are several Asian countries that have a government in the form of a constitutional republic. In Malolos, parliament was one of the most important things to be adopted. The law applies to government loans with the goal of buying government budgets that require a government loan. A loan of 20 million pesos must be repaid at an interest rate of 6% per year for 40 years. This law was adopted by Aguinaldo on November 30, 1898. In this section, we see the achievements and contributions of Emilio Aguinaldo during the presidency.

  • After the struggle with Spain and the Americans, he led his country to independence.
  • The first president of the New Republic at Congress is Malolos.
  • Philippine independence was declared on June 12, 1898.
  • Emilio Aguinaldo is the youngest President to serve at the age of 28.

Emilio Aguinaldo made the biggest contribution to our country, because he led the brethren to achieve our Independence. Spanish and American fights and because of them, we are free. Even if we are not slaves in our country, we can now do what we want with responsibility and limitations. But even the first President of the Philippines, Emilio Aguinaldo, whose life has always been not heroic, is not perfect. Despite the many mistakes of the Presidency, this shows that he was the same person as all of us.

President Manuel L. Quezon has the “right to defend the Philippines” during his presidency. This is a man who fights for his native language based on the ‘Tagalog’. As we all know in each country, we need to use our mother tongue to show how we respect our mother tongue. One of the greatest contributions he made to this story was his recognition of the hero as president when he passed the law on the abolition of the United States Philippines Committee, which gave the Philippine government high authority. Despite his Presidency, the economy of our country was stable and healthy. He established the National Economic Council, which helps the government in developing the economy, finance and various industries, as well as in creating agricultural programs, tariffs, taxes and education. President Manuel L. Quezon in making the Jones Act.

In Second Republic years 1943-1945, Jose P. Laurel became President and he was aware of the economic problems that confronted the country during his time. He was distinctly mindful of the financial issues that stood up to the nation amid his time. These challenges inferred from the chronicled nature of the economy. It had to do with the Philippine-American financial relations. The Philippine economy was truly a Philippine American economy within the sense that it was Philippine-American in conception, in composition, conveyance of rewards and its general utility as long because it remained profitably valuable to both countries. The national economy took on a colonial introduction. In 1953, he characterized the colonial-type economy as one that depends primarily upon the generation of crude materials for send out with the sad result that not sufficient foodstuffs for domestic utilization needs are raised, and a few need to be imported every year. He pointed out that such sort of economy seem not invigorate financial advancement. Within the confront of such verifiable substances, he saw the compelling require for emphatic patriotism. His concept of emphatic patriotism bore a striking likeness to Lichaucos patriot philosophy because as the previous emphasized the statement of national sway and freedom from any outside control.

President Laurel, admonished the Filipino individuals to develop and hone an self-assured patriotism or Filipinism, in arrange that they may create a sense of national integrity, a national soul because it were, which might at that point encourage exceptionally Filipino to battle for his rights and freedoms and once won, to guard them at all times talking of financial patriotism, Laurel likened it with financial freedom which denotes that the Filipino held the control to form financial choices. He rebuked that political autonomy is but the acknowledged fools heaven without its vital establishment and concomitant of financial independence.When he sounded the call for financial freedom, he focused the basic to free the economy from the burden of any outside mastery. His program for financial survival consisted in taking full duty for our cash approaches or change, declaring our paramount rights to require duties and obligations on approaching products and administrations, and working out the opportunity to arrange for exchange assertions with any nation within the world. He is strongly believed within the role of industrialization within the financial improvement of the nation. This form of government fell inside the standards epitomized within the constitutions of the Commonwealth and Republic of the Philippines. To buttress this point, he cited the sacred arrangements on the advancement and assurance of labor and industry and the confinement upon the degree of open and private agrarian arrive. State communism called for the regimentation and arranging of the national economy. An arranged economy guaranteed a framework of planning the financial exercises and utilizing the financial assets. In light of the prior contemplation’s, President Laurel proposed the creation of an financial arranging body and defined the thought of organizing a National Financial Advancement Specialist (NEDA). The NEDA was conceived to assault our essential financial issues in a comprehensive, facilitated, well-planned, intentional and coherent way and to supply the as it were statesmanlike approach to our show problems.

President Jose P. Laurel, straightforwardly censured the capitalist framework. He blamed the framework for the net riches imbalance that it cultivated, noticing that a few individuals, regardless their strenuous endeavors, have remained in a hand-to-mouth presence in differentiate with people who have so much riches gotten by theory, restraining infrastructure or legacy. Underscoring the difference within the dispersion of benefits, he watched that the capitalists procured gigantic benefits at the cost of the laborers: Much unmerited salary goes to the capitalist. Expansive share of national pay hence goes to moderately few people. He bewailed the abuse of the laborers as a result of the capitalist control of the disobedient of abuse. Economic democracy, which was an fundamentally component of state communism, implied tackling the foremost and best of mans powers and opportunities.

Taking cognizance of the undue concentration of riches within the hands of some capitalists, he advanced social equity. Propounding his concept of social equity, he composed: Social equity is the humanization of the laws and the equalization of social and financial powers by the State so that equity in its judicious and equitably mainstream conception may at slightest be approximated. His concept of social equity put accentuation on the advancement of the welfare of all the individuals. President Laurel was persuaded that it was basic to address the unequal dispersion of riches and pay. On one occasion, he made mention of no glaring inequalities in wealth and income as one of the social advantages of state socialism.

In 1944 – 1945, President Sergio S. Osmeña Sr., remained leader of the Nationalists until 1921, when he was succeeded by Manuel Quezon, who had joined him in a fusion. Made speaker of the House of Agents in 1916, he served until his race to the Senate in 1923. In 1933 he went to Washington, D.C., to secure entry of the Hare Hawes Cutting freedom charge, but Quezon contrasted with Osmeña over the bills arrangement to hold U.S. military bases after freedom. The charge, vetoed by the Philippine Get together, was superseded by the Tydings McDuffie Act of Walk 1934, making the Philippines a commonwealth with a huge degree of autonomy. The taking after year Osmeña got to be bad habit president, with Quezon as president. He remained bad habit president amid the Japanese occupation, when the government was in oust in Washington, D.C. On the passing of President Quezon in Eminent 1944, Sergio Osmeña Sr. got to be President. He served as President until the decisions of April 1946, when he was crushed by President Manuel L. Roxas, who got to be the primary President of the free Republic of the Philippines.

In the time where President Manuel L. Roxas started his term, the Philippines was in poor condition due to World War II. It did not end well and left many problems, such as agriculture, factories and people. Since then, our country has been destroyed by war, and the Philippines survived many battles. There is a struggle for low production growth and high unemployment. The production of our products and the source of life are destroyed. Many companies closed and unemployment continued to rise. The school building was destroyed, which affected the education of students. President Roxas’s decision in the public sector is based on the Americans. All Filipinos feel betrayed when President Manuel L. Roxas signs the Bell Trading Act. The United States has the same right to use our natural resources for the $ 800 million provided by the US government. He uses it to repair buildings damaged by war. In his opinion, rehabilitation means feeding the hungry, treating the sick, caring for widows and orphans, and fighting inflation and unemployment. “The state will buy land and sell it to tenants, new lands will be built and modern farming methods will be created. The goal is to improve the status of farms, increase incomes and spread the benefits of modern technology ”(Roxas, 1946).

There were many contradictions when Elpidio R. Quirino reigned President in 1948-1953. His victory came thanks to the most dishonest and corrupt elections of 1949 with a Liberal Party card. He betrayed the election, bought government money for state money, and bought golden ducks. In addition, to the repair and corruption of his party, the main problem of the presidency was poverty. He did not recognize poverty as a big problem. The focus is on supporting HUKBALAHAP or members of communist rebel groups against Japanese oppressors. He wanted to restore people’s confidence in the Philippine government, but in 1953 he was hated and defeated by President Ramon F. Magsaysay.

The failure of Elpidio L. Quirino, dates back to colonial history. His mistake is entirely based on the administration of our invaders. There are many abuses of power, and this is about how you can maintain relationships without considering the voice of the public. But this struggle raises awareness of the liberation of the people of the Philippines. They developed in battle. If not, they will not find another great president who can determine their needs.

When Marcos ends, the economy no longer shrinks, and the wealthy Filipinos returned to the capital. Everyone said that the bloodless liquidation of Marcos gave a new Filipino dignity and pride. It is touching and heroic. All Filipinos are famous for their love of religious icons. When they began to applaud the government, many Filipinos spoke of Corey’s tone of hospitality, patience, and piety. Unite countries.

Democracy goes back to the Philippines. The Filipinos, who could not compensate for all the years, analyzed the voting results and prepared new elections, almost uninterrupted since the beginning of last year. Americans may find it annoying or irresponsible to criticize the Philippines. In Manila, the United States is strong and rich. The Philippines is worried and poor everywhere.

Following the regime of Ferdinand E. Marcos, President Corazon S. Aquino began his activities after the victory of the peaceful revolution, when Corazon Aquino became president of the Philippines and ended his six-year term from February 25, 1986 to June 30, 1992. The Presidency of the Philippines ushered in a new era in the country after the end of the authoritarian rule of the Philippines. The relatively calm way that President Aquino comes to power, Filipinos not only recognize and respect internationally. President Corazon S. Aquino, quickly reacted to the debt of the Philippines, knowing that there could be investors around the world in the Philippines. President Aquino, believes this is the most practical step. At that time it was very important to restore investor confidence in the Philippine economy.

The 16th controversial President of the Philippines was President Rodrigo R. Duterte, who described the separation of relations with the geopolitical interests of the United States, the former colonial ruler of the Philippines. In addition, to the character created by American criticism of the anti-drug campaigns, there is an even deeper sorrow that has been rooted in generations and a greater identity with Mindanao. He showed not only Mindanao’s hatred of the ‘Manila Empire’, but also his historical blow to ‘American imperialism’. Nationalistic drainage systems can be traced to the descriptive cycle in the Philippines, which serves as an environment for institutional continuity and change by mobilizing the idea level to the idea level. President Duterte, revived the anti-American nationalism of young people and rejected reformers if he was an elite who spoke with the Aquino regime against President Aquino. The so-called “ Pivot to China” policy proposed by Duterte, also markedly changed the strong anti-Chinese position of its predecessors and the US’s flagrant position in foreign policy.

He hated Western criticism for the ongoing war against drugs, which caused more than 3,000 people to suspect drug trafficking. In addition, to the personal point of view that stems from Western criticism of the anti-drug campaign, there is a sense of sadness rooted in the generations and the identity of President Dutrerte as Mindanao. President Duterte’s appearance is inseparable from recent events in Asia, where powerful leaders mobilized nationalism to strengthen the regime’s legitimacy. In recent years, nationalist sentiments and hatred have been repackaged, which has influenced domestic and international politics.

In fact, President Duterte mobilized nationalist rhetoric with a convincing rejection of Marco’s reformist history of the liberal democratic system. He became acquainted with the institutionalization of the “kung walang corrupt, walang mahirap”, advocating for sociopolitical reforms that would strengthen his great legacy of governance. This is an elite phenomenon, not a rebellion of the poor. This is an angry demonstration of the rich.

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