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Child obesity is progressively rising around the world, affecting kids from ages of life. Pediatric obesity can cause a few health, mental and social issues including the pulmonary system, gastrointestinal system cardiovascular system, and orthopedic. Managing pediatric obesity can be a challenge to guardians and nurses. Pediatric nurses assume imperative roles in managing of childhood obesity beginning from the time the kid is born or during the gestation period. This paper will review how medical attendants can manage pediatric obesity henceforth preventing its health associated risks or complications in kids. This paper will look at both nursing mediations in pediatric obesity and the role of a nurse in the management of the medical condition.
This paper will also give pediatric nurses knowledge on how they can manage children affected by obesity. According to Cheung, Et al, 2016, avoiding childhood obesity is the known best, safe and prescribed method for managing it. Despite the fact that some medicinal treatment choices (e.g. pharmaceuticals and bariatric medical procedure) are accessible for obese children, medical attendants should cooperate with guardians to prevent the disease early enough. The ideal approach to teenager obesity is through good dieting and reduction of sedentary lifestyles in kids. Medical practitioners can advance these via multifactorial nursing intercessions (i.e. social, dietary, and physical intercessions) in kids and their families.
This paper can be used by nurses from any clinical setup that deals with children aged between 0 and 18 years, in children’s’ social insurance centres, or by any medical attendant tending to families on healthy lifestyles and by instructive projects managing childhood obesity.
Pediatric obesity can also be referred to as childhood obesity. Pediatric obesity is a global epidemic that is progressively rising at an alarming rate, affecting kids of all age groups. Childhood obesity is a significant issue and has antagonistic impacts on the patient. A number of these outcomes may be chronic and long lasting. The epidemic can lead to a number of wellbeing, mental and social issues notwithstanding influencing numerous body systems including pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and orthopedic systems. Obesity is unequivocally linked to a variety of health outcomes, which majorly tracks down to maturity and worsens the epidemic later in life. This disorder develops when the energy consumption surpasses the energy expenditure. The hazard factors include hereditary factors, learned practices and propensities, promotions, school environments, absence of enough rest and medical conditions (WHO, 2018).
According to World Health Organization (2018), the most secure and compelling approach to manage pediatric obesity is by avoiding it. Clinical medications exists, however, they are generally they are aimed at putting the condition under control instead of relieving it. Nursing multifactorial mediations like family based intercessions, social intercessions, motivational interviewing, and child development monitoring are utilized by medical practioners in the management of this wellbeing issue in kids. These multifactorial intercessions are aimed at altering and empowering good dieting practices and physical exercise that perseveres all through the child’s growth and entry into adulthood. Utilization of medications and medicinal approaches in the management of teenager obesity exists however, their utilization is extremely uncommon because of the intricacies they have on youngsters consequently they are reserved for serious cases in adolescent.
Embracing sound lifestyle propensities including adhering to a good diet and interest in physical exercises can minimize the risk of getting obese and in addition, the dangers of developing healthcare related impacts that linked with the epidemic. It is a typical assertion that kids have constrained obligations regarding their activities and that their parents and guardians owe them the responsibility of care. Therefore, it is the obligations of their parents and guardians to give them adequate education on healthy diet and engage them in physical exercises. Since babies and kids are dependent on the activities of their parental figures, they should be tended to in a way that advances their healthy development, improvement, and prosperity throughout their lives. Medical practitioners assume imperative roles in managing of pediatric obesity beginning the time the kid is born. Monitoring the child’s weight from the time of birth, educating guardians on pediatric obesity are examples of medical practioners roles in the management of youth obesity. Forestalling pediatric obesity holds a guarantee for empowering noteworthy gains towards the pestilence of childhood obesity therefore reducing obesity during their adulthood.
Obesity means been unnecessarily overweight and happens due to long term energy disparities, where daily energy consumption surpasses daily energy use. However, being overweight ought not to be mistaken for being obese. There have been perplexities between the two words (obesity and overweight), and distinctive researchers have utilized the terms diversely yet it ought to be noted that they have distinctive meanings. Despite the fact that overweight is a phase to obesity, most overweight kids, and youths don’t end up becoming fat. Subsequently, it is suitable to dodge the mix-up and be strict on the utilization of the two words. In grown-ups, obesity, as characterized by (Cheung, Et al, 2016), is a BMI (Body Mass Index) which is greater than or equivalent to thirty.
BMI is a unit of weight in kilograms divided by height in square meters (WHO, 2018). In any case, obesity in kids and youths depends on percentile curves of the Body Mass Index because as they develop, their stature, weight and muscle fat changes since their bodies persistently experience various physical changes. Since the BMI over the ninety-fifth percentile is consistent with grown-up meaning of obese, youngsters are therefore characterized as being obese when their BMI which is equivalent or greater than the ninety-fifth percentile. Childhood obesity is related with different wellbeing risks and complexities and is therefore described by Cheung, Cunningham, Narayan & Kramer (2016) as the collection of unreasonable fat in the body that postures dangers to the health of the kid. Without arguing whether obesity is a sickness or not (Cheung, Cunningham, Narayan & Kramer, 2016), its description as characterized by WHO suggests that it is a medical condition. On these grounds, childhood obesity can be defined as a therapeutic condition that affects kids and young people and happens when their BMI is equivalent or more than the ninety-fifth percentile (WHO, 2018)
Pediatric medical practioners assume an indispensable role in the administration of pediatric obesity starting from the time a kid is conceived. They evaluate the child, measure their weight, ascertain their BMI and records every estimation when the kid is born. This process continues until the kid is eighteen years old. Along these lines, they can perceive, early enough, a possible medical problem in an increase in the child’s Body Mass Index and act early enough in managing before it deteriorates (Laws et al., 2015).Medical attendants additionally assume a key responsibility of instructing guardians about youth obesity, risks associated with the epidemic, impacts and outcomes and its management. This education should be done during antenatal visits or when they understand that a kid is at a danger of getting obese. During the education, nurses can likewise evaluate the parental discernments on obesity since parental acknowledgment and acknowledgment is the initial phase in the management of childhood obesity (Laws et al., 2015).
Through multifactorial intercessions, nurses should train parents and guardians on healthy dietary propensities and the significance of engaging their kids in physical exercises for at least an hour daily as suggested by (WHO, 2018). In a clinical background, medical practioners can promote a sound lifestyle that minimizes the dangers of being obese or overweight. These should be possible in pre and post-natal care visits, or achieved by planning educational days at the medical centers for parents and guardians. Nevertheless, the reason for childhood obesity, primary care providers need a comprehension of the patient’s needs and work together with other service providers in a multi-professional group in examining the ideal method for dealing with the patient’s current situation. They evaluate the level and method of prevention that is most suitable for the kid and his or her family (Rhee, Et al, 2018).
Managing this disorder, the primary care providers apply their nursing intercession skills and methodologies in handling it. They engage parents and guardians in the prevention exercises and encourage parenting strategies that help increase physical exercises and minimize sedentary behaviors. It is critical that the approaches that PCPs use in the management of childhood obesity considers an entire scope of dire factors. They need an understanding that occasionally, enhancing kids’ health may be challenging for some guardians because of circumstance like culture, financial status, and environment (Rhee, Et al, 2018). Prevention and early detection accompanied by the correct treatment of obesity in children are of great significance in all sets of nursing practice and must be valued at all by PCPs (Sorjonen, Et al, 2015).
Childhood obesity if not detected and managed early is a chronic disorder that requires a lifetime regard to a healthy diet with an active lifestyle starting from the day the kid is born. Unfortunately, effective treatment of this disorder in children is limited, early prevention is the most suitable and effective treatment. Early detection of obesity is essential and ought to be closely monitored by pediatric PCPs and other healthcare service providers. Healthy dieting and increased physical exercise must be empowered, advanced, and organized keeping in mind the end goal to protect youngsters from this disorder since they are considered to reduce the danger of getting obese and related diseases. Prevention of obesity in children is vital as it won’t just keep the kid healthy but minimizes the expenses incurred in both treatment both the disorder and secondary illnesses associated with it. Prevention of obesity is the most successful approach for curbing it due to the fact that recent clinical treatment strategies are aimed at preventing other than treating it.
Early prevention is fundamental, thus, it is prudent that pediatric nurses draw the attention of the parents or guardians when the kid is born, or at whatever point they see that the kid is getting overweight. An effective obesity management intercessions and treatment plans ought to incorporate behavioral change modules that are family based with at least one parent and should plan to change the entire family’s lifestyle. This approach is used because any mediation used is probably not going to succeed if it does not include the understanding, support, and dynamic cooperation of other relatives and parent(s). Such interventions and programmes should target sound dietary intake, raising the levels of physical exercise and minimizing sedentary practices. They should target preventing long-term obesity inconveniences and should not focus short-term prevention but ensure a lifetime personal satisfaction.
Although no single treatment program is recommended for obesity management, the PCPs multifactorial intercessions have been endorsed to be the best in managing the disorder. This combined use of mediations is also utilized alongside surgical intervention and or pharmacological management. Despite the fact that surgical management is utilized on extremely obese adolescents, it is not the best choice to be utilized on kids since they are still growing both mentally and physically and might not have enough ability to surgical assent. Despite the complications associated with the process, surgical management may therefore change their lives extensively and some adolescents may later regret in life why they underwent the medical procedure. Understanding the intricate elements that lead to childhood obesity is essential for health improvement of future generations, as this will help in the management of the disorder by preventing it. Be dynamic, practice good eating habits!