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Current Status Of Health Sectors in Bangladesh

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Abstract:

Healthcare and quality are inseparable items and therefore giving services in a sector like healthcare without quality is not expected at all. In Bangladesh, healthcare is provided principally through hospitals run by government or through private clinics with a small proportion delivered by NGOs. But the main problem is that, the total system of health care services both in public and private sectors are not up-to-date genuinely and again the quantity of the doctors are less than expectation.

Introduction:

Bangladesh could be a poor and densely inhabited South Asian country. In 2013, it had a population of 156.6 million that’s expected to extend to around 218 million by 2030. The country is undergoing extended social and economic changes. The health sector of People’s Republic of Bangladesh was developed underneath the leadership of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare keeping this legal obligation in mind (Bangladesh health system review 2015). Public sector health care includes largely curative, preventive, encouraging and rehabilitative services, whereas the non-public sector provides largely for-profit curative services. NGOs give mainly preventive and basic care to underserved populations. The non-public sector, despite restricted infrastructure, employs additional care suppliers than the general public sector. These staff area unitnumerous and embody their own doctors, moreover as ancient healers, unqualified allopaths, and doctors UN agency area unit already utilized by the govt. (Bangladesh health system review 2015).

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A good health care system are ready to give a decent health care policy for the folks moreover as for the country. Diffusion of innovations could be a major challenge altogether industries together with health care. however it’s true that the health care system in Bangla Desh is poor enough than the health caresystem within the developed country. The delivery of safe and high-quality health care has become a crisis during this country in terms of non-public loss thanks to preventable errors, moreover as economic loss.

Over the last forty two years since independence Bangladesh has made heap of strides within the Health Sector. several NGOs are engaged and tributary toward health supplying system. abundant progress has been created within the pharmaceutical sector providing avoidable medication, blood vessel uids, anti cancer medicine etc. here is additionally inflated awareness within the general public on health problems. National and personal level campaigns area unit in progressto market mental and kid health, vaccination programmes, mass deworming programmes, use of safe water and latrines, hand laundry etc. A satisfactory level of progress has additionally been created in birth control. There are vital gains in terms of infectious disease &small pox destruction. a good no of T.B. satellite clinics currently offers free treatment with contribution from NGO’s. HIV & AIDS area unit at an occasional level of prevalence however remains a threat due to international employment. Kala Azar and protozoal infection has been considerably checked down.

Health care developments:

Over the last decades, key health indicators such as life expectancy and coverage of immunisation haveimproved notably, whilst infant mortality, maternal mortality and fertility rates have dropped signicantly. Long before the emergence of contemporary global health initiatives, the government placed strong emphasison theimportance of childhood immunisation as a key mechanism for reducing childhood mortality. Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI) in Bangladesh is consid¬ered to be a health system success because of its remarkable progress over the last two decades. It provides almost universal access to vaccination.

Maternal mortality has decreased by 75% since 1980,15 infant mortality has more than halved since 1990, and lifeexpectancy has risen to 68. 3 years, higher now than in neighbouring India and Pakistan. Maternal mortality was reduced from 574 deaths per 100000 live births in 1991, to 194 deaths per 100 000 live births in 2010.

Health service coverage

A new summary measure of health service coverage, a composite service coverage index, is currently under development:16 indicators are derived from four main areas of work: reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health; infectious diseases; noncommunicable diseases; service capacity, access and health security.

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