This chapter intends to describe the detailed history of Mayan civilization including its hieroglyphs script and its unique architecture. It includes the purpose of the study, the conceptual framework that describes the main concept behind the topic.
The Maya civilization was one of the most dominant indigenous societies of Mesoamerica. The Maya civilization was centered in one geographical area covering all the Yucatan Peninsula and modern-day Guatemala. Maya remained relatively secure from invasion by other Mesoamerican peoples.
The architecture of the Maya was exceptionally amazing as far as size, plan, and outer design. Mayan draftsmen utilized an assortment of techniques to upgrade the excellence of their structures. Quite often they hoisted sanctuaries and royal residences by building them over pyramids, stages, and acropolises. Awesome exertion was made to resplendently enrich the exteriors of their open structures. Structures were decorated with figures and enormous adapted covers. Conversely, the inner parts of the structures were plain.
The copper jewelry will make by Taking inspiration from the Mayan architecture and its hieroglyphs. Techniques like etching, sawing, wax cutting will be used for the making of jewelry pieces (Maya, 2018).
The underlying aim of the research is to glorify the culture and history of the Mayan civilization. The gigantic and enormous architecture of the civilization has great significance. It consists of pyramids, temples, palaces, walls, residences and more. Taking inspiration from that structure, it is intended to make contemporary copper jewelry.
A minimum of 3 jewelry pieces have to be designed and manufactured.
The basis of approaching the topic is to honor the very beautiful civilization and its mysterious architecture. And those Mayan peoples who have sacrificed their lives when the Spanish conquered the Maya. Because very few people in our society have awareness about this beautiful civilization and it is the main objective of carrying this topic. The designer will make jewelry pieces and every piece will describe the story of the Mayan civilization. Jewelry made would be inspired by Maya civilization and it would reflect the complete essence of the Maya civilization (Maya, 2018).
In this chapter, the researcher studied the detailed study of Mayan civilization including its hieroglyphs script and its unique architecture. It includes the purpose of the study, the conceptual framework that describes the main concept behind the topic.
This chapter includes the detailed research done by historians and scholars on the Maya civilization and its history. Moreover, this chapter includes the theme on which the researcher is working and discusses Further the concept, material, color palette and techniques that will use in the making of jewelry. The theme of current research is to show the essence of Maya civilization architecture, culture, and hieroglyphics.
The historical background of Mesoamerica is normally isolated into particular periods which, taken together, uncover the improvement of culture in the area and, for the reasons for this definition, the development of the Maya progress. The human advancement existed in two periods; the principal time frame is an archaic period from 7000-2000 BCE. During this time a hunter-gatherer culture began to cultivate crops such as maize, beans and other vegetables and the domestication of animals (most notably dogs and turkeys) and plants became widely practiced. The second time frame which is known as the Olmec time frame existed between 1500-2000 BCE.this time is otherwise called the Pre-Classic or Formative Period when the Olmecs, the most seasoned culture in Mesoamerica, flourished. The Olmecs settled along the Gulf of Mexico and started constructing extraordinary urban areas of stone and block. The other two time frames are The Zapotec Period that existed between 600 BCE-800 CE and The Teotihuacan Period: 200-900 CE (Maya, 2018).
Many historians write that Maya Culture is known for their advancements in the different field of life. Theirs believed intensely in the cyclical nature of life that means they believed that nothing is ever born and died.
Maya civilization has deep roots in art and architecture. Maya architecture is best characterized by the soaring pyramid temples and ornate palaces which were built in all Maya centers across Mesoamerica from El Tajin in the north to Copan in the south. The Maya civilization is one of the oldest civilizations that was formed of independent city-states and, consequently, there are regional variations in architecture but almost all buildings were constructed with a detailed attention to position and layout and a general style statement. Multi-level elevated platforms, massive step-pyramids, corbelled roofing, monumental stairways, and exteriors decorated with sculpture and moldings of Maya glyphs, geometric shapes, and iconography from religion such as serpent masks are all typical features of Maya architecture. Interestingly, unlike many other cultures, Maya architecture makes no particular distinction between religious and non-religious buildings. The Maya built great temples, palaces, and pyramids in their city centers. These were often mighty stone structures, over which wooden buildings and thatched roofs were often built (Thought Co., 2018).
Hieroglyphics are symbols in the form of pictures which are used in some writing systems, for example, those of ancient Egypt. Plural noun. You can use hieroglyphics to refer to something that has been written, but that you cannot understand. Maya civilization besides architecture has also an intense reflection of hieroglyphics art (Maya, 2018).
Mayan hieroglyphic writing, the system of writing was used by the Maya people of Mesoamerica until about the end of the 17th century, 200 years after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. It was the only true writing system developed in the pre-Columbian Americas. Mayan inscriptions are found on a steal (standing stone slabs), stone lintels, sculpture, and pottery, as well as on the few surviving Mayan books, or codices. The Mayan system of writing contains more than 800 characters, including some that are hieroglyphics and other phonetic signs representing syllables. The hieroglyphic signs are pictorial; they are recognizable pictures of real objects representing animals, people, and objects of daily life (Maya, 2018).
A number of international designers are generating Mayan inspired jewelry. These designers are studying and visualizing Mayan architecture and its hieroglyphs. They are incorporating them in the different array of designs according to their own personal concept.
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