The idea of designing people used to be the realm of science fiction, but now we are closer than ever with the invention of new techniques.
Essay due? We'll write it for you!
So how can DNA be edited?
Genome editing is the target of genome cleavage by engineered zinc finger nucleases followed by gene modification during subsequent repair”.
So basically, DNA cutting enzyme called nucleus can be put into a cell that breaks the DNA at a specific place and takes out the wrong or unwanted gene. The DNA can use a synthetic sequence that replaces the wrong one as the strands are put back together. There are a couple of techniques that do this but the most recent is called CRISPR which makes it easier to target specific genes. Genes can be very long.
Some genes might be up to a thousand base pairs long. Previous types of edition could only target a few base pairs at a time. CRISPR uses RNA (Ribonucleineacid) to guide the nucleases and can target a lot more base pairs.
This technique can have huge benefits for humanity. This type of editing is already being studied as a treatment for HIV. Cutting out the bit of DNA in a cell that lets the deadly virus in, replacing it with something else could cure people of the disease.
But along all the benefits, scientists fear an application of these editing techniques for the creation of designer babies. But the process is not an exact science yet. The editing could wind up affecting affecting other genes and other places in the DNA that it was not meant for. The exact result of a genetic modification is impossible to know until the actual birth.
Therefore, the effects will be brought to other generations where we also do not know how this editing impacts.
There are also many concerns, that this editing is almost too simple.
It would be easy to edit embryos in private fertility centers that do not have strict laws. This would lead to a commercialization of the fertility with designer babies.
Imagine you are married and you and your wife want to have a baby. The problem now is that your genetical prerequisites of you and your wife would lead to a chance of a child that has to suffer many genetical disabilities. Is it now ethical justifiable? On the genetical point of view I would say yes, but only if this are really rare genetically malfunctions. You basically eliminate disease causing genes for future generations, too.
But I think, the most important question regarding the trend of designer babies is where do we actually draw the line? Is it okay to choose the gender, eye and hair color and make specific design wishes? Is it justifiable to edit other characteristics like intelligence? Or is it just about bringing a healthy baby to birth?
I also think that as parents you take what you get. Sometimes you have problems at birth and sometimes you discover them a little bit later. That is what parenting is about. Not choosing the perfect baby. Just love the life of your own little child without genetical improvements.
But who could not objectify that one just wanted to make sure that the baby didn´t have some genetic abnormality? I think you can easily rationalize these decisions. But I think what happens is, that a lot of these advances and especially the amount of money that people are paying for them, do make them feel entitled to have the baby that they want. These technologies can change people’s expectations of for what they have in a baby and what parenting is about.
Designer Babies can have many benefits but I think the decision should always be with the individual parents. Do they want a healthy baby, or do they want a baby according to their expectations and preferences?
Let´s say in about 15 years designer babies are common. Now imagine your normally born daughter plays with a genetically modified child. Isn´t there a possibility of discrimination or a feeling of being superior upon the normal born child?
Now let´s say in 30 years normal born babies do not have the same chances than genetically modified humans because of characteristics that are superior to normal born people. Will this person then has problems in finding a job, just because genetically modified persons are more intelligent?
Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. You can order our professional work here.
Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.
Your essay sample has been sent.
Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.Order now
When studying art history, it is imperative to look into Roman architecture. The Romans have managed to create a new life for themselves with what little tools and technology they had. In this essay we will look at four examples of how they have advanced…
In 1908, the Hardy-Weinberg Theorem was introduced in evolutionary genetics. It postulates about the population equilibrium that occurs in an infinitely large population. The population has to not only be large, but it also has to have a randomness factor that comes from random mating….
A number of methods can be used in hypnotic memory retrieval. Since a positive relationship is a prerequisite for success, it is important to develop rapport with the subject at the onset. A helping and supportive attitude is, generally, appreciated by a forensic hypnotist. However,…
Particulate pollution has been increasing over the past few years. Industries has been trying to develop new methods and devices to remove particles from exhaust gas. Cyclone separator is a device with no moving parts is used to separate dust particles from exhaust gas. But,…
Recently, the rise of petroleum consumption in industrial, transportation and technology developments has been leading to depletion of the limited fossil fuel resources in the world. Because of this, researchers have been putting more attention to find alternative energy such as biodiesel which is believed…
From past few decades, Lenovo has been launching highly-intuitive and user-friendly laptops for businesses and Lenovo ThinkPad X1 Carbon (6th Gen) is one of the finest inventions. It is dominating the business world today as it provides everything you would ever need in a laptop….
RISC Processor is expanding wide utilized in each field. Most PC contribute the present market depends on either diminished guideline set computer – architecture (Reduced Instruction Set Computer) or CISC (Complex Instruction Set Computer) design advances. The diminished direction set computer – architecture engineering support…
Nowadays, smartphones are becoming more and more popular. Everyone is very concerned about the fever of mobile phones when using smartphones. As a kind of electronic products, it is obviously unrealistic to say that it is completely uncomfortable to completely suppress the fever of smart…
В-retaining ring (Diana’s electric ring, continuous transmission of electric power transmission, with the fixed spirals of control and data member rotating is towards the rotation of the rotor through the friction rings.) and the electric rotor through contact contact brushes. We also make brushes with…
The ability to see true beauty formed from the earth is one of the few penniless pleasures the world has to offer. Sculpted from high speed winds or shaped from running water the earth has learned to evolve. Living on a planet whose timescale measures…
The technology Readiness Index (TRI), a 36-object scale to measure technological know-how readiness defined as propensity to embody and use new technologies for carrying out pursuits in dwelling lifestyles and at work was released over a decade ago. Similar technology-prompted growth tendencies are evident in…
The introduction of agriculture into the military can be traced way back in 19th century. During the decade that followed the war of 1812 between America and Britain, the military frontier proceeded the settlers frontier in the Missouri Valley, and for a time soldiers became…