The highest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is 5895metres above the sea level. It is an inactive volcano situated at the northeast of Tanzania. It has three volcanic peaks named Kibo, Shira and Mawenzi. It is the tallest free-standing mountain on Earth. Mount Kilimanjaro is classified among the extreme altitude mountain treks. The mountain witness visit from trekkers from all parts of the world.
There is a very huge misconception among many people that climbing Kilimanjaro is a walk in the park. Well, actually it is not that easy. Many people who choose to climb Kilimanjaro underestimates the difficulty involved in it. So do not consider ascending Kilimanjaro to be just a long hike in Africa.
Standing at the highest point of Africa would be really an exceptional moment. Though it requires less technical preparation and training when compared with other tallest summits, there are several factors that add to the difficulty of climbing Kilimanjaro. The major reasons that make it hard for a mountaineer to climb the tallest peak in Africa are:
Altitude sickness is the main problem faced by the trekkers while climbing Kilimanjaro. This is experienced by all types of people irrespective of their age, fitness and experience at trekking. At such high altitudes, the human body becomes susceptible to Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). People suffer from diarrhoea and breathing troubles while climbing high heights. It also takes longer for the body to acclimatize at these heights.
To prevent the effects of high altitudes on your body mechanism, it is advised to take it slowly. Maintain a slow pace to help with breathing and consume plenty of water.
Climbing Kilimanjaro requires high levels of physical as well as mental fitness. One definitely needs physical endurance and strength to climb the 5895m tall mountain. Trekkers with high stamina and fitness can reach the summit without much difficulty. While the others might need to engage in some fitness programs before the summit day to prevent fatigue. Also, everyone preparing to soar the mountain are recommended to practice some breathing exercises.
The unique thing that one experiences while climbing Kilimanjaro is the different climate zones. They go through completely different climates like very hot and dry climates of deserts and extreme cold weather of Arctic Tundra. At the Uhuru point of Mt Kilimanjaro, the temperature can range between 20 to -20 at night time. The cold and dry climate in winter could affect your body and trekking. So be prepared to face these varying weathers. It is best to avoid ascending the peak during the rainy season as it involves high risk.
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