Domestic Violence/ Gender Violence is a worldwide problem. Domestic abuse includes physical, emotional and sexual violence in any form. Domestic Violence/ Gender Violence refers to the abusive actions that the members of a household inflict to one another with an aim of gaining control over them. It reflects mainly on criminal actions, which include physical assault (actions such as hitting and shoving, sexual abuse, and even excessive stalking), any form of violence suffered by a person from a biological relative, but typically is the violence suffered by a woman by male members of her family or relatives.
Domestic Violence/ Gender Violence is the most common form of violence against women. It affects women across the life span from sex selective abortion of female fetuses to forced suicide and abuse, and is evident, to some degree all over the world.
The World Health Organization reports that the proportion of women who have ever experienced physical or sexual violence or both by an intimate partner ranged from 15% to 71%, with the majority between 29% and 62%.
India’s National Family Health Survey-IV, carried out during 2015-16, has found that a substantial proportion of married women have been physically or sexually abused at some time in their lives. Ever-married women who have ever experienced spousal violence 23.6% in urban area 31.4, Rural area had 28.8% and total of 37.2%. Ever-married women who have experienced violence during any pregnancy are 2.9% in urban area, 3.5% in rural area and total 3.3%. survey indicated that, nationwide, 23.6% of women “experienced violence” after marriage.was found to be the most violent, with the abuse rate against married women being as high as 59%. Strangely, 63% of these incidents were reported from urban families rather than the state’s most backward villages. It was followed by Madhya Pradesh (45.8%), Rajasthan (46.3%), Manipur (43.9%), Uttar Pradesh (42.4%), Tamil Nadu (41.9%) and West Bengal (40.3%).
Types of Domestic Violence/ Gender Violence are found?
Uneducated rural areas women are more experiencing Domestic Violence/ Gender Violence than Urban and educated, Why?
What are the root cause of it?
Why dont women just leave their husbands where they are victims?
Why are they silent and undergo the Domestic Violence/ Gender Violence?
This study, at first will fill up gaps of knowledge about various legal and social acts, provision are made but Domestic Violence/ Gender Violence still hits. Domestic Violence/ Gender Violence could be eliminated and prevented, if research is conducted to address such issues. Policy makers, social workers, human right activists, policy as well as all people who areconcerned about violence against women can utilise finding of this study.
So, finding of the study not only help to prevent and control the Domestic Violence/ Gender Violence but also useful to lift up the social status of women at large.
Physical violence as well as explicit forms of aggression are used by the more powerful in the household as methods to ensure obedience of the less powerful and therefore related to power dynamics in a household. At every stage in the life cycle, the female body is both the objects of desire and of control. Domestic Violence/ Gender Violence includes not only inter-spousal violence, but also violence perpetrated by other family members. Domestic Violence/ Gender Violence relates to the following:
The forms of violence commonly are slapping, kicking, tearing hair, pushing and pulling, hitting with an object, attempting to strangulate and threatening. Forms of psychological abuse were also found to exist, for instance, verbal abuse, sarcastic remarks in the presence of outsiders, imposing severe restrictions on freedom of movement, totally ignoring the wife in decision-making processes, making frequent complaints against her to her parents, friends, neighbours, and kin much to of the wife. Some of the reasons given by the women were financial matters, behaviour with in-laws, back-biting, talking to any male without the liking of the husband, asking for money, preventing him from drinking and husbands personality traits.
Research Design. This study will explorative and descriptive in design. The group has followed qualitative research methodology to conduct this research. Research design is the plan and structure of investigation so conceived as to obtain answers to research questions. It is mainly explorative because it sought to generate information through a Questionnaire.
Research Site Selection. Most of the data collection works will be conducted in Dwarka. Besides that the group 1 is planning to carry random data collection from various other places to draw its final conclusion on Domestic Violence/Gender Violence.
Study Population and Sampling. Married females of Dwarka have been selected for study of Domestic Violence/ Gender Violence.
Sources of the Data. Both primary and secondary sources will be used. The secondary data needed for study will be collected by reviewing the available related literature like books, journals, reports, articles, news and so on. The primary data will be collected using research methods.
Methods of Data Collection. Interview and Questionnaire : Interview will be conducted to identify and categorize the key persons at the research site. 10 participants will be selected at random for data collection.
Focus group discussions will not be conducted to gather information at community and district level due to paucity of time.
Participant observation. Observation is the basic tool of field study. The group will observe the process and activities of the community people using participant observation method in the field.
Content Analysis. The group 1 will analyse, newspapers, journals, magazines and reports related to research topic published within or outside the district to collect the requires information.
Data Analysis Process. The obtained data will be analysed qualitatively . First step is to try and come up with open codes from the recordings, field notes or documents collected from field site. Those codes will be simple descriptions of talk then group 1 will look for patterns of similarities and differences in the data.
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