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Effect of Hygiene Education Project of the Integrated Regional Support Programme on the Rural Community

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An estimated 60-80% of all diseases and over one third of deaths in the developing countries are caused by environment related factor and on in average as much as 1/10 of each person’s productive time is sacrificed to water related disease. Despite the continuous efforts by international agencies, different government bodies and NGO’s, hygiene coverage in most of the developing countries are far below the level of satisfaction. The present study was conducted to examine the effects of sanitation project of Integrated Regional Support Program (IRSP) on the community in swat District. The study in general concludes that the effect of the hygiene project on the community of distract Swat executed by IRSP has played an important role in the hygiene and conduction of other different interventions in the project area. Further data shows that less number of respondents wash hands with soap due to unawareness majority of the respondents had no proper hand washing place and clean their house average. Further data shows that 31% household suffered from diarrhea, due to improper food quality followed by dirty water, death cases occur so safe drinking water is needed at household level. The present study was conducted to explore the effect of hygiene project executed by IRSP on community of district Swat. Results revealed that majority of the sample respondents were of the age group of above 40 years and illiterate, out of the total 187 household members, 97 were male and 90 were female.

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Hygiene is one of the main indices for socio-cultural development of any country. Better hygiene result in improving of health, reduces child mortality, and improve water quality, environment, and economic growth of a country. Diarrheal diseases persist to be a major threat to child health in developing countries around the world. The latest estimate published by the World Health Organization show that diarrheal disease is responsible for approximately 800,000 deaths of children under the age of five per year, cause a higher number of under-age-5 deaths than malaria and HIV combined.

One of the key factors contributing to the frequency and burden of diarrheal disease is the pronounced lack of water and sanitation in a majority of developing countries. According to the United Nations report, more than half of the population in developing countries still lacks access to the basic form of sanitation. Some progress has been made in the water sector, but 21% of the population in developing countries still have not access to safe drinking water. The situation is most rigorous for Sub-Saharan African countries, where 63% of the population lacks access to basic sanitation and 45% of the population lacks safe drinking water supply.

Water and sanitation are among the precedence of the world. The United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGS) reduce half number of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by the year 2015. The Government of Malawi includes water and sanitation in its developmental agenda.

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