El Hatillo - a Land of Natural Riches


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In the Northeast region of my country there is a town that doesn’t stand out on the map, it isn’t even mentioned in the road advertisements of one of its busiest roads even when it is parallel to it, and it’s very curious because this place is so particular, is a land of natural riches.

View of the Laguna de Unare from the main street of El Hatillo.

I want the world to know about its existence! But I warn you: I only recommend this town to people who know how to appreciate nature, and who usually perceive the good side of life. I clarify it because El Hatillo is a paradise that perhaps isn’t within the standards of a traditional tourist place. It’s a place without luxuries, of limited public services, but with one of the greatest geographical and ecological fortunes of Venezuela: it is formed by an isthmus, an estuary, a lagoon, a bird observatory and a prosperous ecosystem for fishing. If you are willing to enjoy contact with nature in the most humble way, this post is for you; otherwise, keep reading because you may find in the following paragraphs and photos some reasons to practice a different tourism.

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The route

El Hatillo is a place in the state Anzoategui, located between the towns of Clarines and Boca de Uchire, in the famous Troncal 9, better known as “Highway to the East”, which connects this region with the center of the country. El Hatillo is the general name given to the region, but it is divided into three sectors: one with the same name, Nuevo Unare and La Cerca. However, there is no sign on the road that mentions it, there is hardly a worn, almost illegible little warning that signals a detour to the “Laguna de Unare and Boca de Uchire”. The first impact you receive when you take the detour, you enter a place very different from the one you left a few meters behind.

Public transport with route to El Hatillo travel every day from Barcelona, Puerto Piritu and Clarines, but the service is available only at certain times. The Troncal 9 is a road axis with many curves, and is surrounded by abundant vegetation and some farms or restaurants, while on the route to El Hatillo you find a road that seems infinitely straight and on each side a plain appears cleared. The type of soil makes this part of the road interesting, because it is mostly a sandy terrain, with a striking terracotta color, which lacks vegetation.

The absence of vegetation allows to see the bottom of each side of the plain, highlighting green mountains on the left, and stretches of the river on the right. This landscape lasts about 10 minutes, until you see the first houses of Nuevo Unare, a sector of the town with very few inhabitants. It is a town that barely has a main street and a parallel street.

5 minutes from Nuevo Unare is La Cerca, I would say where the true natural spectacle of the region begins to be revealed. So when you get there, be very attentive. You will know you are in La Cerca when you cross the only bridge in the whole route, and then something amazing will happen: the Caribbean Sea will appear before you, and when you turn to any side you will also find an affluent of the Unare River. You will be surprised to be in the middle of two bodies of water so different but so close at the same time. That experience becomes inexplicable because it is not common to see a beach and a river separated by just 300 meters wide in a strip that suddenly transforms from sand to land.

Here begins the Caribbean Isthmus. The more you enter the town, the more treasures you discover. Sightseeing here is a privilege, in one place you have at your disposal an important diversity of ecosystems, so you can afford to choose which attraction to enjoy. La Cerca begins when crossing the bridge and extends three kilometers to limit with El Hatillo, while this territory covers two more kilometers, and from there the same road that connects Nuevo Unare and these two sectors continue for 20 more kilometers up to Boca de Uchire.

The town

A “herd” is a space destined to the raising of cattle, reason why it is believed that the name of El Hatillo comes from there. It is probable that before becoming a population it was a land dedicated to this activity. Anzoategui has the distinction of having two ecoregions: the plains and the coast; and in the plains is where the herds are usually found.

But the main economic activity to which the region is dedicated is fishing; likewise, the aspect of the town is totally of the coast, the sectors are ornamented by coconut trees, the sand abounds in the streets and stretches of saline soil that stand out for their brittle and whitish appearance, until the waves are heard from certain places; besides, it seems that the sun never shines there, temperatures are always high.

A sign carved in wood on the shores of Laguna de Unare states that El Hatillo is 318 years old, having been founded, exactly in the year 1700. His lifestyle is based on simplicity; It is normal to see the inhabitants walking in the streets barefoot and in comfortable clothes, the women taking care of their children, the children playing on the sidewalks or on the beach, the elderly resting in chairs or hammocks under some shade, and the men loading their nets to fish over the shoulder.

We always slow down to enjoy the “welcome” that in some way the inhabitants of El Hatillo give to tourists, because as they pass they greet you and smile as if they knew you; and that sometimes surprises me, I think they are more polite and friendly than many people I’ve met in the city; Above all, you can be sure that what little they have will always be shared with you.

And as simple and humble as they are its architecture, built in mostly colorful houses, with facades that show clay ornaments or snails, and notices that advertise the sale of fish and shrimp (foods on which their typical cuisine is based). What most strikes me is that most live with the doors open, although in some cases they were replaced with curtains.

The treasure

The true value of El Hatillo lies in its biodiversity. Thanks to its natural attributes it is ideal for the practice of Rural Tourism, especially in the modalities of Ecotourism, cultural tourism, sports tourism and adventure tourism. Currently there is no type of tourist service available in the area, but you can practice the modality you want on your own by asking one of the inhabitants to guide you and provide you with the tools or means of transport depending on the modality you want to enjoy. The geographical treasure of this town offers countless ways to connect with nature at its best, some more extreme than others but all equally magical.

The isthmus. Beach of the Caribbean Isthmus.

If you look at the cartographic reference of Google Maps you will notice that the area where it is located El Hatillo is just a thin strip of land that separates the Caribbean Sea and the Laguna de Unare, thus joining two territories of the Anzoategui state. This incredible geological formation that connects two areas across the sea is called isthmus and is one of the little-known natural features that makes this town special. In my country only three isthmus stand out: the “Isthmus of Los Medanos” that connects the Peninsula of Paraguana with the rest of Venezuela, that of Isla de Margarita that separates the Caribbean Sea from the Lago de La Restinga, and that of El Hatillo, called “Caribbean isthmus”.

This sand cord is more than 20 kilometers long, starts at La Cerca and ends at Boca de Uchire. Its beaches have very particular characteristics. The depth varies, especially near the waves break, where the right side is usually deeper and with stronger waves, while on the left side you can go up to 50 meters and the water will continue at your waist with a softer swell.

The color of the sea also causes me curiosity, because on the banks it is brown due to the current that keeps the sand upset, and because the Rio Unare flows into it; but from a certain limit you can notice how the water turns turquoise in all the extension. These beaches are ideal for resting because they are usually alone, they also serve for fishing from a jetty, for surfing on its waves, or for Skimboarding on its shores (although you must find a stretch where there are no snails or stones).

The lagoon

Entrance to the Laguna de Unare from one of the main canals of the Unare River. In geomorphological terms the Laguna de Unare is a lagoon, a slightly salty body of water that is separated from the sea by a strip of sand, but with which it remains in communication. The surprising thing about this formation is the adaptation of the ecosystems that make it up, the freshwater and the saltwater ones, managing to develop organisms from different origins interacting in the same place, which makes this lagoon a very important area. biological wealth.

It is one of the largest lagoons in the state, the surface is developed along the Caribbean Isthmus, and despite being so extensive its depth barely reaches five feet in general, but the brown color of its waters, which prevents visibility , makes you believe that it could be deeper.

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