Throughout history, enduring issues have developed across time and societies. One such issue is the response to change. Response to change can be defined as the reaction of a group of people to a significant shift in the political, economical and social aspects of their lives. This enduring issue can be seen in documents 1, 2, and 5 which brings up the different ways countries like the United States and the Soviet Union respond to change during and after times of crisis and urgency. The enduring issue of response to change is significant because the results of these responses can cause a big impact on the future depending on how it was dealt with, not to mention in today’s world each big change now has to be made in a systematic manner in order to avoid consequences. Berwil Wall and Universal Declaration of Human Rights are presented in this essay as examples of enduring issues of response to change.
The enduring issue of response to change can be seen in document 1 because it shows an image of the different articles on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The document contains some of the articles of human rights that were written after World War I and after the United Nations (UN) came to the consensus of rights of all people. It declares that human rights are universal meaning it is to be enjoyed by all people no who they are or where they live. This document was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10th, 1948 right after the war. It was created to vow to never again allow atrocities of those that happened during the war, which led to millions of lives lost and also it is known as one of the deadliest wars in humanity. This shows the enduring response to change because, in response to not only the horrors of the war and genocide but also the economic depression it brought after, the document was designed to cover the entire spectrum of human rights. Therefore, this document shows the enduring issue of response to change because it shows all the articles created in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as a result, to grow and progress from World War II.
The enduring issue of response to change can be seen in document 2 because it shows a political Iron Curtain cartoon. This document shows an actual barrier known as the “Iron Curtain” between two sides of Europe, Western Europe, and Eastern Europe that was made by Joesph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union. The antagonism between the Soviet Union and Western Europe came to be described as the “Iron Curtain.” This was an ideological barrier erected by the Soviet Union after World War II to seal itself and Eastern European countries they had power over from open contact with the West and noncommunist areas. The saying “Iron Curtain” derived from British prime minister Winston Churchill during the speech at Fulton Missouri. Although the Iron Curtain was not actually a physical wall, the ideology later resulted in the Berlin Wall which on the other hand was an actual wall and it separated Western Berlin and Easter Berlin due to the different governments. Even in today’s world, there are still borders separating countries due to the response of change, for example, the demilitarization zone that divides the Korean Peninsula in half because of various incidents in the past. As a result, due to the response of change, the Iron Curtain was put up due to disagreements between countries and it can be seen in this document.
Lastly, the enduring issue of response to change can be seen in document 5 because it is about Raphael Lemkin an author, lawyer, and professor who documented the genocide perpetrated by the Nazis during World War II and his important role in helping the United Nations acknowledge and punish this act of cruelty and mass murder. Lemkin was able to document the series of mass murders during World War II by examining laws made by the Nazi Germans, not to mention Lemkin was the one who created the word “Genocide.” During the time of World War II, millions of lives were lost and most especially during the time of what is known as the Holocaust. Right before World War II ended Lemkin had already been working to make the world recognize mass murder as an international crime and later on was successful in persuading the United Nations to act upon this, and later they adopted the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide as a response to change. So, therefore, this document shows how the response of change made a long-lasting positive impact on this horrific event.
In conclusion, response to change has affected many lives across many times and places in history. This enduring issue can be seen in documents 1, 2, and 5 by addressing the different responses of changes that were made due to an impactful event and the different outcomes of it. These documents focused primarily on Europe and World War II since it was when most of these big changes were made. Also, Europe is known for its revolutions and wars, which the effects of these can still be seen in today’s world.