Technological advancements have over the years resulted to dramatic improvements in the health sector as new techniques of diagnosis and surgery equipment are invented. With this advancements, many organs and tissues are being transplanted to people with organ defects. Regenerative organs such as the bone marrow, non-paired organs such as the heart and even paired organs such as kidneys are being transplanted. While there are a lot of ethical issues associated with organ transplant, the procedure give patients a second chance at health by providing them with quality organs.
Setting up an organ transplant unit is very expensive. The resources involved such as money, workers and materials could be used more efficiently for primary health care, benefitting many times the number of people. It is unethical to forego the needs of the many to cater for the needs of the few who in this case are mostly rich people who can afford such medication (Abouna, 2003).
With the setting up of the organ transplant unit, the focus of such a clinical institution or organization tends to be geared towards the transplant unit in many instances. The rest of the other departments are upgraded to support the transplant unit with less attention to other activities. The other departments tend to be foregone as priority is given to the transplant unit rather than the other departments (Abotransplant (Modra & Hilton, 2015).
Organ transplant in most cases comes with human costs. Patients and relatives suffer emotionally waiting for an organ to become available. In addition, some of the patients even lose hope and die while waiting for a suitable organ. Furthermore, cases of kidnap and organ harvesting are other human costs associated with organ transplant
The choice of the recipient to receive the organ is difficult and in some instances corruption is involved. Who will decide who is to receive the transplant from among those waiting? The person with the best possible results? The most ill? Should the first come first served technique be employed? Should the neediest be given priority? Should the influential be given priority? This situation causes a lot of tension when it comes to organ award. Moreover, there are a lot of unethical practices involved in procuring the organs (Modra & Hilton, 2015).
Conclusively, there are a lot of ethical considerations to be considered when it comes to organ transplant. Procurement of the organs and how they are given to the recipients should be monitored closely. The organs and tissues should be obtained from living persons (where compatible with life and there is consent) or from cadavers (e.g. cornea, kidney, lung, heart, liver, pancreas, etc.). The demand for organs is on the increase while the available organs are unable to meet the demands. The methods used to meet the demands should meet all the ethical considerations.
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