Food Insecurity in Indigenous People

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Food insecurity can affect people of all backgrounds, but indigenous communities have unfortunately been impacted the most by this. Statistics show that 1 in 4 Indigenous people suffer from food insecurity (Sobol, 2018). In this paper, I will discuss how the Federal relocation of tribes and reservations have impacted the way that Indigenous people get their food, how the impact of food insecurity has led to mental illness and higher suicide rates and lastly, how Indigenous single mothers make up the majority of sufferers of food insecurity.

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Firstly, I will be talking about how the relocation of tribes and reservations has caused the main reason for food insecurity within the Indigenous community. The USDA’s Food Distribution Program for the Indigenous community is often composed of high fat and carbohydrate content (Sobol, 2018). The budget for this program it meant for the size of the family that needs feeding, but the programs budget was only large enough to provide each member of the families less than $1 per day, which is unlivable. I will also be taking about how the government made the law in the 1890’s that Indigenous communities were not allowed to leave their reservations to fish or hunt, leaving them no choice but to consume unhealthy foods. Next, I will be talking about how Indigenous people are more effected by mental illness, and how they have one of the highest suicide rates out of all ethnic backgrounds. I will be talking about how food insecurities in indigenous communities cause higher rates of suicide and mental illness. Lastly, I will be talking about how single mothers within the indigenous community are one of the largest sufferers.

I will not only talk about how the suffer from poverty, mental illness but also the effect that their food habits will impact their children, who may be suffering from childhood obesity.

This paper is conducted using a cross-sectional survey that included 107 women who were responsible in buying food supplies and preparing meals (Mercille, 2012). There were 2 self- efficacy scores that were calculated, one for healthy food preparation and one just for food preparation in general. Some factors of this survey were the marital status of the women, income, food supplies, health status and consumption of alcohol and tobacco.

The result was that the severe food insecurities of these women who had low scored in food preparation. Associations between household food insecurity and health outcomes in the Aboriginal population (excluding reserves) This paper has collected data from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey- Nutrition to examine the relationships between food insecurity and the relationship that the Aboriginal community has with food (Willows, 2018). The result of this was that 29% of Aboriginal people lived in food insecure homes and that they were more likely to have mental health issues, high stress and more likely to smoke cigarettes.

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