Gender Inequality and Women's Empowerment in Modern World

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Table of Contents

  • Current State of Gender Inequality in the World
  • Consequences of Gender Inequality and to Combat It
  • Conclusion
  • References

For several years, men have been viewed to be the dominant gender, with women in the minority. Men worked and earned money in the traditional way of life, while women bore children and cared for the home. Things have started to evolve as modernism has taken hold, but they are still a long way from being perfect. Number of essays about gender inequality rise up attention to this topic as is still a big problem in today's world.

Current State of Gender Inequality in the World

Gender inequality refers to how people are treated unequally and unfairly based on their gender. Socially established gender standards and expectations are to blame for this inequity. It occurs when a person of one gender receives preferential treatment over someone of the opposite gender in the same situation. Although gender inequality has historically been associated with female issues, we use the term gender to refer to people of all genders. This includes males, transsexual people, and so forth. There is a pay disparity between men and women as a result of gender inequality, which also exposes particular genders to violence and discrimination. These concerns have long-term effects, such as anxiety or depression, which are worldwide issues that are being addressed as a result of people experiencing socioeconomic inequity.

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In a prosperous country like the United States, employment is anticipated, but women face discrimination in the workplace. Women are predicted to earn $0.77 for every dollar earned by men, and they account for one tenth of worldwide revenue. Domestic violence has been a major source of concern, with one in every three women experiencing it at some point in their lives. Many women encounter menstrual prejudice, and 509 million women and girls worldwide are estimated to be without appropriate families for menstrual hygiene, putting them at risk of infection. Despite the fact that women confront these challenges, they are sexist and judgmental toward one another, which does not help the matter, and they are also racist towards one another.

Rwanda, Norway, Ireland, Finland, New Zealand, and others are among the countries with the smallest gender gaps, according to the World Economic Forum's gender gap index. Only Pakistan, Chad, Saudi Arabia, and Lebanon have made minor progress among the ten nations with the greatest gender inequalities, but economic possibilities for women in Yemen, Syria, and Iraq remain severely constrained. Yemen has been recognised as the world's most unequal countries in terms of gender inequality. Men are seen as defenders of women and their families; without a male role in their lives, women are exposed to sexual and physical assault. Yemeni women appear to be underrepresented in peace negotiations. To combat prejudice, the United Nations Security Council Resolutions (UNSC) emphasise the importance of women's participation in peace talks and negotiations. The Yemeni Womens Pact for Peace and Security, which has a board of 60 women, was formed as a result of a UN-backed initiative. The goal of this treaty is to improve women's leadership, participation, and inclusion in negotiations. This programme is viewed as a positive step since it promotes awareness and provides a platform for anyone affected by conflict, notably Yemeni women, to speak out. Women in Yemen are intimidated and terrorised for speaking up and campaigning for women's and girls' rights, and the UN must create safe spaces for Yemeni women to open up, as well as protection in the event that they are threatened.

Consequences of Gender Inequality and to Combat It

Women are denied education, which is the major ticket out of poverty, in many regions of the world, particularly in Africa. Women and girls in Afghanistan are denied numerous chances, one of which is education. Girls were supposed to return to school in Afghanistan in 2022, according to the ministry of education, but they were denied admittance as soon as they arrived, thrilled for the new semester. 'Girls accounted for 60% of the 3.7 million Afghan children out of school before the Taliban took over', according to UNICEF. In certain Afghan universities, classes for men and women are still separated. Equalizing the gender balance among instructors, according to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, is an effective technique of ensuring gender parity.

Guinea took a more comprehensive strategy, prioritising girls' education as a national priority. The government constructed latrines, provided financial assistance to pregnant students, and distributed textbooks, in addition to expanding the number of female teachers in schools. Despite this achievement, Africa still has the lowest proportion of female teachers of any area, at little under 50%. 

According to the United Nations Human Rights Office, 'child and forced marriage (CFM) is a human rights violation and a destructive practise that affects women and girls all over the world. Any marriage in which one of the partners is under the age of 18 is considered a child marriage'. When the bride's parents and families strive to alleviate poverty through bride price, child marriage and forced weddings occur. 650 million women are married as minors nowadays, 28 girls are married every minute, and 12 million girls marry before they are 18. Due to increased females education, proactive government funding, and increased public awareness of the disadvantages of child marriages, 25 million child marriages have been avoided globally in the previous ten years.

Despite significant improvement, UNICEF reports that 'no region is on pace to abolish child, early, and forced marriages by 2030'. Forced child marriage is featured in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which is a worldwide movement including over 1300 organisations from all over the world. The population councils in Ethiopia and Tanzania rewarded families with goats and chicks for keeping their daughters in education and out of marriage, with 90 percent of girls in one Ethiopian community being less inclined to marry. Following the use of music and puppet performances to educate people in India, 200 villagers made an oath to end child marriages, and 49 villages are now free of child marriages.

The United Nations has rules present, provided and legislation to encourage women's rights. Women's rights are protected under the 2010 Equality Act, which provides that no one shall be discriminated against because of their gender or sexual orientation. The Beijing platform for action presented at the 1995 UN Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing states that the United Nations must take measures to ensure womens equal access to and full participation in power structures and decision making setting equality between men and women and eliminating barriers to the advancement of women.

'Ending violence against women, engaging women in all aspects of peace and security processes, enhancing women's economic empowerment, and making gender equality central to national development planning and budgeting' are among the five main priorities of the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment. Some great celebrities have also done their share to utilise their celebrity to benefit others, such as 'Harry Potter' star Emma Watson, who was named a United Nations Women Goodwill Ambassador and is participating in the UN HeForShe initiative, which attempts to mobilise men around the world to fight for gender equality. Meghan Markle and Prince Harry are supporters of the United Nations Development Programme and have donated to CAMFED International, a non-profit organisation that works to educate and empower girls and young women in Africa, particularly in Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania, and Ghana.


Gender disparity is a pressing issue in the world, because mankind requires both men and women. People must abandon their old habits and adopt a postmodern mindset. Even though gender inequality and prejudice have decreased, one step forward could imply five steps back because it is still a problem that needs to be addressed on a daily basis. Education, activism, and awareness are all important factors in ensuring a future free of gender inequity.


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  4. Sen, A. (2001). Many Faces of Gender Inequality. New Republic, 226(8), 35-39.

  5. Connell, R. W. (2009). Gender: In world perspective. John Wiley & Sons.

  6. Kimmel, M. S. (2018). Angry white men: American masculinity at the end of an era. Nation Books.

  7. Duflo, E. (2012). Women's empowerment and economic development. Journal of Economic Literature, 50(4), 1051-1079.

  8. Kabeer, N. (2005). Gender equality and women's empowerment: A critical analysis of the third Millennium Development Goal. Gender & Development, 13(1), 13-24.

  9. UNESCO. (2014). Teaching and Learning: Achieving Quality for All. Education for All Global Monitoring Report.

  10. World Bank. (2012). World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development. World Bank.

  11. United Nations Population Fund. (2021). State of World Population 2021: My Body is My Own. Retrieved from
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  13. UN Women. (2020). Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment in Public Administration. Retrieved from

  14. Heise, L., Raikes, A., Watts, C., & Zwi, A. B. (1994). Violence against women: A neglected public health issue in less developed countries. Social Science & Medicine, 39(9), 1165-1179.

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