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Genetically Modified Food: Pros and Cons New Technology

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Genetically modified foods are made from plants or animals whose deoxyribonucleic acid has been altered through recombinant DNA technology. These genetically modified organisms are referred to as GMOs in brief. So what are genetically modified organisms exactly? GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. “A genetically modified organism, or GMO, is an organism that has had its DNA altered or modified in some way through genetic engineering” Lallanilla 2019. So, let’s look at genetically modified food pros and cons.

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There are a few pros and cons to genetically modified organisms. A couple of pros to GMOs are: genetically modified crops are reducing food prices and rising nutritional content to help alleviate world hunger and genetically modified crops lead to environmental benefits such as reduced use of pesticides, reduced water use age, and lower carbon emissions. The cons of genetically modified organisms are: tampering with plant genetic makeup can lead to changes in the supply of food that causes toxins or allergic reactions and finally, through the use of herbicides and pesticides, some genetically modified crops can damage the environment. In my research paper, I will go over a few pros and cons of genetically modified organisms and give my opinion as to whether GMOs are beneficial to us or not.

Over the recent years, genetically modified organisms have helped to produce scores of folks with much more food at a far lower price than organically grown food. Genetically modified food will be most likely to solve several worldwide issues of hunger and deficiency disease, also as facilitate defend and preserve the setting by increasing crop yields and reducing reliance on chemical pesticides and herbicides. “The World Food Programme, a humanitarian organization, estimates that 821 million people in the world are chronically malnourished, and one in nine people face hunger” procon.org. Overgrowth in human population, lack of ample quantity of water, global climate change, and over-farming will all result in food shortage. “GMOs can help address those problems with genetic engineering to improve crop yields and help farmers grow food in drought regions or on depleted soil, thereby lowering food prices and feeding more people” procon.org. According to my recent research, this has drastically reduced the need for insecticide spraying over crop fields and dozens of studies have shown no signs of environmental or health problems. There is a downside to all of this unfortunately. “GMO testing often involves performing experiments upon animals, which some people feel is a breach of animal rights” labmate-online.com. Also genetically modified products are often not clearly labeled, which means that people do not have the choice to decide whether to consume genetically modified products or not. This issue is not good for people who already have food allergies because they will be unaware to what is in genetically modified products.

According to recent research, genetically modified organisms do have a dark side. This paragraph will summarize just a few of the cons to genetically modified organisms. “A joint commission of the world health organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) identified two potential unintended effects of genetic modification of food sources: higher levels of allergens in a host plant that contains known allergenic properties, and new proteins created by the gene insertion that could cause allergic reactions” procon.org. For example: the addition of a gene to alter a plant may cause issues in the deriving food. According to procon.org: “After StarLink Corn was genetically altered to be insect-resistant, there were several reported cases of allergic reactions in consumers” procon.org. Another concern of genetically modified food is potential health risks. “Some of the health risks pertinent to unapproved GMFs include antibiotic resistance, allergenicity, nutritional changes and the formation of toxins” Maghari and Ardekani 2011. The downfall to all of this is the fact that studies have shown genetically modified foods to have an unforeseeable affect on those who already have food allergies. Genetically modified food may be a quick and easy way to provide millions with quick and low cost food items, but those who have food allergies would have to pay the price of not knowing the exact ingredients in their genetically modified food.  

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