When it comes to iridescent interior design materials, glass undoubtedly tops the list. It is one of the most widely used material in the architectural industry, where it can be formulated in multiple forms and varies in sizes and uses and there is more than one type for more than use.
It is a transparent and inorganic material, which is similar in the structure to liquids and compares to its hardness at normal temperature. The solidity of solid objects and its solid and liquid state does not contain crystals and cannot determine the degree of melting. Glass can be made to be stronger than steel or weaker and more fragile than paper and can be colored in any desired color by adding different chemicals.
The process of making glass begins with the processing of raw materials in the form of powder or granules to be mixed with each other in specific proportions, and then the mixture is introduced into the oven at a very high temperature, causing the melting of the sand so sodium carbonate is added to reduce the melting point, and the sand reacts with sodium carbonate To form sodium silicate, which is known as, because it dissolves in water, so limestone is added to it to form a mixture of sodium silicate and calcium to become water-soluble, and in the meantime may add other chemicals to the mixture, such as chromium oxide to get glass Yeah One green, or cobalt oxide, to obtain a blue glass, then the molten glass cools slowly until it reaches the forming stage in the desired degree. This process is done either by blowing and manual formation by casting the melt into the mold and blowing by mouth or by blower, or by using automatic forming by molding the molding and blowing automatically.
Glass has several properties that may distinguish it from many other industrial materials; Resistance to scratching or friction, although the glass is fragile and shattered, it is able to resist scratching and friction factors, Glass generally resists chemical solutions except fluoride acid and alkali fuses that easily dissolve glass, Water affects the glass after contact for too long, Weather Resistance, Fire Resistant.
There are about Nine types of glass which are used in interior spaces: Patterned glass or Textured Glass: decorative design embossed on its surface, Spandrel Glass: used to disguise the less aesthetically pleasing structural elements, Tinted Glass: manufactured by adding metal oxides to float glass, Reflective glass: clear glass with a metallic coating which reflects heat, Satin Glass: has satin finish as the name suggests, Security glass: engineered glass which holds its pieces together in an event of disaster., Clear glass: most common type of glass seen in interior spaces, Acoustic Glass: most suitable in areas with high noise pollution, Energy Efficient Glass: responsible for as much as 25% of heat exchange between the interior and exterior
Using glass for interior walls and divisions or for floors and ceilings effectively renders them invisible, flooding an interior with extra light and encouraging views though into other spaces. When carefully controlled and layered, glass also adds complexity, encouraging reflection and obscuring dimensions, so as not to reveal an interior's secrets too quickly.