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Have Genetically Modified Foods Improved the Food Industry

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  Genetically modified food and crops are introduced many years ago, and they are producing GMO’s which are benefiting the world by their potent nature of improving yield, nutritional content and making food chemical free, that no insecticides and pesticides are used in production of them and as they are lack of chemicals means food and crops are strong because they have power to protect themselves in harsh conditions as well as no weather change will affect their potential. Even there is no loss of micronutrients, which are essential for every diet. So, GMO’s are playing an important role in improving food industry.

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The explosion of population growth lead to increase demand of food, but shortage of food resulted in hunger and poverty but after the production of GMO’s, the decrease in global hunger is noticed by the food and agricultural organisation. The four global crops which are genetically engineered and most commonly used are soybean, maize, wheat and rice, are increasing up to 1.5% respectively per annum and alleviate hunger and malnutrition problems. Now biotechnicians are expanding their way to engineer the fruits, cereals and vegetables with vaccine bioproduction. For example, GM Cotton, GM Canola, these are grown in different countries, India and Australia respectively and both are the profitable crops which helps the regions to grow the most demanded crop to obtain such things with better quality and quantity. Although, genetic engineering has had enhance the efforts of experts and organisations by completing the need for food, fiber and feed in a sustainable way and by providing employment in this field to operate machines, used in this process whereas in traditional process everything is done manually, even the chemicals were also sprayed manually which is harmful for both the farmer, who is spraying and to the crops to which he is spraying. However, demand of food is going to rise day by day and GMO’s food are the best way to fulfill the demand.

The introduction of conventional breeding method in the field of agriculture resulted in various benefits. As the great downfall has been seen in the use of chemicals such as insecticides and pesticides, which were used to maintain the quality of food products. In this conventional method, new traits and genes are introduced in the existing trait through sexual crosses and asexual crosses, along having the resistant quality to many diseases, this helps to form other new hybrids and density of crops. this technique of cultivation cares about the health of human because they do negligible use of chemicals. The most important thing is the balance of hormones level in human body as these hormones are the reason of healthy body otherwise, whenever disease attack, it is because of low immunity and lack of nutrition, proteins and energy in body. This happens because of the food body is getting is not nutritious, all the nutrients and proteins vanish after chemicals, and many health problems occur such as infections, cognitive development and physical impaired, and various pest diseases like Panama disease (or Panama wilt) caused by the soil fungus fusarium oxysporum serves solid evidence in this regard. GM reduces the pesticide usage by 37% and environmental impact by 18%. So, health is set as priority in this case, so no risks are taken for grantee, every calorie, nutrient is enough.

Micronutrient content is improved in GMO’s, as according to WHO(world health organisation), many children are vitamin A deficient, every year, these children start becoming blind, and many die within 12 months of losing their sight because lack of nutrients in their diet, and GMO’s are now becoming nutritionally good as well as healthy for them, as nutrients are genetically embedded in the crops and food. For example, nutrient named beta- carotene, is improved in concentration of maize (Gannon et al.,2014; lividini and fielder, 2015), cassava, banana and plantain (musa spp.) (Saltzman et al., 2013), and sweet potatoes (ipomoea batatas) (hotz et al.,2012 a,b), as high the content of beta- carotene, more improved is nutritional value. One more example is Golden Rice, which was produced by genetic engineering to increase the content of beta- carotene, the whole process was done by machinery to synthesis beta- carotene in the leaves instead of grain and it first time resulted in total content of 6ug/g in grain, which was less and then again experiment was performed, but this time the content was given in higher value and resulted in 30 ug/g, which was good in taste and cooking qualities, and mainly, it doesn’t harm health. So, nutrient in proper amount is good for crop and food, everything under supervision of experts are going to be perfect and healthy.

Food is the thing for which single person works hard, and wants healthy diet which is full of nutrition, proper calories, proteins and many more. No doubt, natural food is good but these days it is not chemical free, and harming the immunity of person’s body, so GMO’s are introduced to complete every need of diet, so it is produced in quantity without chemicals and with great content of nutrients, which can survive in any type of conditions, this helps in improving the food industry in large scale production which is helping economically and serving nations with quality. Also it is a cost effective method.

References.

1) Anilakumar, K. R., & Bawa, A. S. (2013). Genetically modified foods: safety, risks and public concerns-a review. Journal of food science and technology, 50(6), 1035–1046. doi:10.1007/s13197-012-0899-1

2) Oliver M. J. (2014). Why we need GMO crops in agriculture. Missouri medicine, 111(6), 492–507.Retrived from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

3) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

4) Carter, C. A., Moschini, G., & Sheldon, I. M., (2011). Genetically Modified Food and Global Welfare. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Retrieved from https://search.ebscohost.com/

5) Aaron N. Knapp, Hernan Garcia-Ruiz, Mayra Teresa Garcia Ruiz, (2018) Profile of genetically modified plants authorized in Mexico. GM Crops & Food 9:3, pages 152-168.  

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