Homework Should Be Banned Or not

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What you want to do when you get home and what you need to do when you get home are two very different things. When you arrive from seven and a half hours of school filled with boring lectures and a stack of books all you want to do is lie down, and maybe watch some TV. The very last thing anyone would want to do after they leave school is doing even more work. But that’s what you have to do if you don’t want to fail your classes. Homework should be banned because it can be difficult for those with hard-living situations, research shows it doesn’t actually improve learning, and it takes away time from activities like sports or clubs that can be more beneficial to a student’s well-being.

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According to The National Center of Education Statistics, in 2017, “Eighteen percent of children under the age of eighteen were in families living in poverty.” Not all students have the same living situations. Some live in nice houses and can just sit down in a corner with nothing to do except sit down and complete homework. Others, however, might have less money and have to work after school or cook for their families. Sometimes, doing all these things leaves no time for homework, which results in low grades. A student’s overall grade shouldn’t depend on the completion of homework, especially when students might be dealing with their rough living situations.

Homework may have advantages and disadvantages when it comes to both academics and non-academics, however, it is unclear as to whether or not it increases or decreases a student’s knowledge/success in school. Research done by Alfie Kohn (American author and lecturer in human behavior, education, and parenting) shows that most research done on this particular topic doesn’t say anything concerning student achievement when it comes to homework. There are very few positive effects, such as it can help students advance in the areas of retention/memory and understanding. However, there are plenty of negative effects, like more stress and cutbacks in health.

One may argue that spending three and a half hours on homework each day is good for students in that it helps with academic independence and skills such as reviewing. But this is not true because those three and a half hours could be spent doing other things that the students actually enjoy. Limited time to do things people enjoy results in depression and loss of your sense of self. Denise Pope (Co-author of a study published in the Journal of Experimental Education and Senior lecturer at the Stanford Graduate School of Education) found out that spending too much time completing homework resulted in students “not meeting their developmental needs or cultivating other critical life skills,” (Stanford News). After questioning four thousand, three hundred seventeen students from ten unique high schools, she found out that students were most likely to not see friends or family, drop out of activities, and not pursue the hobbies they enjoy. This isn’t healthy at all for young and developing brains and it can put a lot of stress onto the relationships in the student’s lives.

All things considered, homework should be banned because it can be hard for students who have to deal with difficult living situations, research shows it doesn’t actually improve learning, and it takes away time from activities like clubs or sports that can be better for a student’s well being and academic successes, which is important for kids under eighteen.  

Works cited

  1. Kohn, A. (2006). The Homework Myth: Why Our Kids Get Too Much of a Bad Thing. Da Capo Press.
  2. The National Center for Education Statistics. (2017). Children in poverty. Retrieved from
  3. Pope, D. (2014, March 10). Homework hurts high-achieving students, study says. Stanford News. Retrieved from
  4. Cooper, H., Robinson, J. C., & Patall, E. A. (2006). Does homework improve academic achievement? A synthesis of research, 1987–2003. Review of Educational Research, 76(1), 1-62.
  5. Trautwein, U., & Köller, O. (2003). The relationship between homework and achievement—still much of a mystery. Educational Psychology Review, 15(2), 115-145.
  6. Vatterott, C. (2009). Rethinking homework: Best practices that support diverse needs. ASCD.
  7. National Education Association. (2016). NEA calls for a decrease in student homework. Retrieved from
  8. Epstein, J. L., Van Voorhis, F. L., & Sheldon, S. B. (2015). Making homework matter: Evidence-based practices that support student success. Learning Professional, 36(3), 44-49.
  9. Hattie, J. A. (2009). Visible Learning: A synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement. Routledge.
  10. O’Connor, J. (2019). Why we should ban homework. The Conversation. Retrieved from

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