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How World War 2 Transformed Americans

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In this paper you will learn more about how American transform after WWll (World War ll). This paper will focus on how suburbanization, the GI Bill, the automobile, and the effects of consumerism on society and gender spheres, racial experiences, and youth culture. You will also learn the role of religion in post WWll society. After you read this paper I hope you have an understanding of how American was affected after the war.

There were some effects of consumerism on society and gender spheres, racial experiences, and youth culture after the war. The war helped pull America’s economy out of depression, young adults saw a huge rise in their spending power, and people were ready to start families. There were more jobs available, wages were higher, and due to the lack of consumer goods during the war, there was a lack of spending so now Americans were eager to spend.

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‘ After World War II, consumer spending no longer meant just satisfying an indulgent material desire. In fact, the American consumer was praised as a patriotic citizen in the 1950s, contributing to the ultimate success of the American way of life’. ‘The items people most desired included televisions, cars, washing machines, refrigerators, toasters, and vacuum cleaners: the machines that would help them modernize their lives. Between 1945 and 1949, Americans purchased 20 million refrigerators, 21.4 million cars, and 5.5 million stoves, a trend that continued well into the 1950s.’

During the war more jobs opens up and woman were taking jobs that men would normally do, however when war ended women were forced out of the workforce when men came home from the war. Most women became housewives, they took care of the children, cook, clean and shopped. Men( dad) worked they would go to work early and come home late on weekdays. After the war, “men’s wages were higher than ever before, making it possible for the first time in U.S. history for a substantial number of middle class families to live comfortably on the income of one breadwinner” . However if women did work it was jobs like factory workers, secretaries, bookkeepers or department store salespeople in an increasingly bureaucratic, corporate workplace, which demanded that home and work life be clearly separated. Men soon learn to accept that women were working just as they were. After the war many African American were hoping for change in America, however they were soon disappointed once they got home. There still was segregation and they faced racism. Even though the G.I. Bill was developed for the soldiers who came home but it benefited the white soldiers more. The white soldiers were able to go to the college’s but it was not easy for the African American to attend or to get loans and mortgage on for houses. The youth culture after the war many teenagers wanted to distance themselves from their parents culture many turned to music ( rock and roll). Even tho they attend school that were segregation, they went to music concerts that were not where they could interact with teens of color. Rock and roll attracted many teens from different races so the concerts were not segregated.

Suburbs first emerged on a large scale in the 19th and 20th centuries due to the fact of an increase of transportation on roads. The suburbs were separated there was suburbs for Whites and African American, this suburbs grow almost a million in the postwar. After World War ll, soldiers wanted to live outside of the city and start families. 2.4 million veterans had received government backed loans ( postwar homeowners) this allowed them to live in the suburbs. The suburbs was growing in mass amounts due to soldiers not wanting to live in the city. The Suburbs were built for particular groups of people and around certain industries like restaurants, shopping, and entertainment which allows suburban residents to travel less and interact more in the suburban area. Automobile was impact during World War 2 and after the war ended, because WWII forced automakers from production of consumer vehicles to military vehicles. Automakers made about $29 million worth of goods for the war from 1942-1945. During the war trucks, tanks, planes and helmets were made. It was easy for the automakers to make new and different cars after the war because of this. After the war had ended and soldiers return home, the baby boom began so there was a high demand for cars. Cars became a big part in the American culture and lifestyle.

Franklin Roosevelt was president during World War II he signed the GI Bill, in June 22 1944 a public policy GI Bill of Rights was passed. At the end of the war, 12 million men and women that were serving in the military was demobilized all at once, with them all needing jobs. The GI Bill was able to helped them.The GI Bill was provided for veterans, it provided full tuition for educational programs, a dependency allowance for those who were married, had children or dependent parents. The ex-GIs were eligible for veterans Administration guaranteed low interest mortgage, loans with a low down payments. The GI Bill had made it possible for Soldiers who returned could buy affordable homes and if wanted to could get up $20 a week for one year. The GI Bill also had built the American middle class by addressing unemployment, education and health.

After the war religion became a big part for people in the suburbs, many people moved to the suburbs to start families so churches grew with in the suburbs. Religion was a part have families in the suburbs. Many people looked for something positive after the war and religion provided that. Religion was also part of the Civil Rights movement and many politic decisions. However their were many different religions because not everyone had the same beliefs in religion.

 

Bibliography

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  3. The Rise of American Consumerism. (n.d.). Retrieved February 2, 2020, from https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/tupperware-consumer/
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  8. City and Suburb. (2019, April 15). Retrieved February 2, 2020, from
  9. https://americanhistory.si.edu/america-on-the-move/city-and-suburb
  10. Lambert, L. (2018, September 12). The Postwar Housing Boom Wasn’t All Sunshine and Roses. Retrieved February 2, 2020, from https://www.thedailybeast.com/the-postwar-housing-boom-wasnt-all-sunshine-and-roses
  11. Suburbanization. (n.d.). Retrieved February 2, 2020, from https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suburbanization#United_State   

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