Global warming is also referred to as climate change. It has been an issue of great importance globally. Research indicates that the world started experiencing significant climatic changes in the 1950s. There have been different debates on what could be the cause of these changes. However, human influence seems to be the biggest contributor. With the growth of industries, there has been the emission of gases such as carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane which are poisonous. Studies show that global warming has resulted in temperature rise across the world and if nothing is done, this will only get worse over the years. A state like California is experiencing water shortage which is a result of climatic changes. Natural disasters such as hurricanes and tornados are also on the rise which is something that is quite alarming.
It is an undisputable fact that global warming occurs when pollutants such as Carbon Dioxide are emitted into the atmosphere. As a result, these pollutants trap sun rays that would have otherwise escaped ( MacMillan, 2016). The current changes in climate that the world is experiencing can be attributed to different factors. However, there are three factors that stand out from the rest and they include human causes, natural causes and short-lived and long-lived climate forcers.
Some of the natural factors that can contribute to global warming include the Earth’s orbit around the sun and volcanic activities. However, unlike the solar irradiance, volcanic eruptions do not have long-lived effects on the climate (Environment and Climate Change Canada, 2015). On the other hand, human factors are known to play a major role in the climatic imbalance. Humans have become an enemy to themselves. Every day, millions of trees are cut down to make room for human settlement and industrialization. Due to the fact that human activity is threatening the future of the human population, the United Nation has formed a group of scientists called Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. This group of scientists is supposed to analyze and give a report on global warming.
One of the prevalent consequences of global warming is the change in temperature. Many countries today are experiencing heat waves, floods, and droughts. According to researchers, these temperature changes are expected to get worse with time. Global warming has also resulted in higher death rates. Studies show that in countries like the United States, more heat-related deaths are being reported each year (Denchak, 2016). Another consequence of climatic change is the extinction of wildlife. In a study conducted in 2015, researchers discovered that the vertebrate species are disappearing 114 times faster than they should.
To stop global warming, Governments have to mobilize their citizens to get involved in the environmental preservation campaigns. It is also necessary to adopt a more environmentally friendly lifestyle. Industries should produce recyclable products and look for alternative ways to emit their wastes. People are encouraged to eat organically grown foods because 18% of greenhouse gas emissions come from dairy products (“top 10 ways you can stop climate change- David Suzuki Foundation,” 2017).
There is no doubt that times are changing. Humans are at a time where the threat of extinction is becoming a reality. However, by reducing the gas emission, there is a chance that the environment can be saved. But people need to be dedicated in to achieve the desired goals.
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