How Significant Was the Gallipoli Campaign

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The goals of the Gallipoli Campaign were, Britain wanted to take down the Turkish straits to get control of the Black Sea, to help support Russia. Britain also wanted to knock Turkey out of the war and they wanted to establish a new front, so the Allies forces can go through the Balkans and attack Austria- Hungary after taking down the Turks. On February 19- March 18, 1915, the British lunch a naval attack but the Turks had laid mines all round Dardanelles. It sunk three Allied ships and caused a lot of damage for the Allies. Britain had to fall back and on April 25, Britain had to retreat to a land invasion and ask the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZACs) to help Britain fight in the land invasion. With the naval attack damaging Britains’ supplies and having nothing for the land invasion, the Allies had to get more supplies. There was a minor set back on getting the supplies. The supplies were packed incorrectly and it took another month to get the right supplies Britain needed from Egypt. Meanwhile, there were Turkish spies in Egypt, spying on Britain and the Turkish spy told a German commander that the Allied troops were getting ready to attack Turkey and the Allies lost the element of surprise. Not only did the Allies lost the element of surprise, but they also had outdated maps, and they had a mix up with the water hoses. They also had to go through harsh fighting conditions, like diseases were spreading, they were in the blistering heat, getting frostbite, and the beach was hard to land on because it was steep and the beach had massive hills. Britain did not make a lot of progress in the land invasion. The land invasion was going bad for the Allies and in December 1915 they evacuated.

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With Britain having poor planning, poor preparation, and the enemy being stronger than expected, the Gallipoli Campaign was a lost for Britain. The Gallipoli Campaign had short-term and long-term consequences for Britain. Britain had a lot of casualties and they needed to draft new recruits, which made them a less powerful force they once were and they had to gain back their power. That was the only big impact that affected the British in the Gallipoli Campaign. Even though the Gallipoli Campaign did not help Britain during World War 1, it helped them in World War 2. Knowing the failures of the Gallipoli Campaign it helped Britain plan D-day in World War 2. But Britain was scared that D-day would turn out to be Gallipoli all over again. They thought if they did a naval attack and a land invasion it would be suicidal but if doing it, it was going to be a difficult thing to do. Britain had no other choice because one of the Allies had to land in mainland Europe and the only way was by landing on the enemy’s shore. During this time Winston Churchill was leading the British force and he thought, knowing the failures at Gallipoli, he could establish a plan that would succeed. This time they need to communicate with each other and make sure that everything was ready to go. Planning out D-day was thought. This time Britain had updated maps and proper water supplies. Not only that, they were prepared for other situations that could happen. They knew the weather conditions, the topography of the land, ground condition, and the strengths and weaknesses of the enemy. Knowing these things helped out Britain. In the end, Britain won D-day. That’s how the Gallipoli Campaign helps out with the planning of D-day. Today, one of the British ships, that was used during the Gallipoli Campaign was found and it is a tribute to those who fought in the battle of Gallipoli. Therefore, the battle of Gallipoli only helped Britain in World War 2 and not in World War 1, so the campaign did not have any effect in World War 1.

For the ANZACs, the Gallipoli Campaign was significant for them because of what happened after the campaign. Before the Gallipoli Campaign had started, the ANZACs were not taken seriously but after the campaign ended, they were viewed differently and for the ANZACs, it created a bigger trust between Britain. The Gallipoli Campaign was the first battle to be fought overseas for the ANZACs. They were with joy fighting on the other side of the world. Having little experience in fighting a battle, the ANZACs fought a good battle. So on April 25, 1916, the Australians and the New Zealanders celebrate the people who fought in Gallipoli because even though the ANZACs lost the campaign, it was a memorable moment when they had no experience and managed to go through the war. To this day the ANZACs celebrated ANZACs day. Even though they lost the Gallipoli Campaign, the battle was important to them because it showed them that they are capable of fighting in the war. Not only was the Gallipoli Campaign significant for the ANZACs, but it was also pretty significant for Russia.

The Gallipoli campaign was pretty significant for Russia because it affected them in the war. Since Britain failed to get control of the Black Sea, Britain did not have a route to Russia. Russia was without war supplies and food supplies because Britain was not successful in getting control of the Black Sea. So on March 3, 1918, Russia left the war. Therefore, the Gallipoli Campaign was one of the reasons why Russia left the war.

The Gallipoli Campaign was significant for the Ottomans and Turks because of the outcome of the campaign. If Britain would have taken control of the Black Sea, it would end the stalemate on the Western Front and it would cut Turkey’s link to Germany. So the Turks laid out mines in the Dardanelles to stop Britain and it worked. The Turks knew where the Australians would land and set up an attack and killed a lot of Australians. The Turkish soldiers were prepared because they had heavy artillery, they laid out mines, they sent spies to see what the Allies were doing, they trained in trench warfare, and they knew that the Allies were going to attack so they double up their forces along the strait. Turkey had the upper hand in the fight for the Gallipoli Campaign. So, Turkey kept on fighting and with all those sacrifices, the people of Turkey have freedom today. So on March 18, the Turks celebrate the victory of the Gallipoli Campaign for the Turkish straits who fought in the campaign. For the Ottomans, it was complicated because from the start of World War 1 the Ottoman Empire was already in a bad state. After the Gallipoli Campaign, the Russians drop out of the war and the Ottomans leaders and the Ottoman Army became stronger. But the British were getting their power back and sent British troops to Mesopotamia and Palestine. Britain was destroying the Ottomans on both sides. The Ottoman Empire could not stop Britain and they had no other choice but to admit their defeat. On October 30, 1918, the Ottoman signed an armistice with the Allies. Even though it was complicated for the Ottomans, they were able to defeat the British in Gallipoli. So, the Gallipoli Campaign was significant for the Ottomans and Turks because it was one of their greatest victories.

The Gallipoli Campaign had consequences for certain types of people and also contributed to important advancements. Like in the advancement of war technology. Poison gas attacks were used for knocking out enemy troops and it helped the users kill more people faster. Tanks were getting “upgrades” like the tanks had the ability to crush barbed-wire defenses, bombard the enemy with machine-gun fire, and blast through enemy lines. Not only did they did there were advancements in war technology, but they also came up with different war strategies. As the war in the air strategy, it was used for spying on the enemy up in the sky. They also came up with trench warfare. Using trench warfare, was to protect soldiers from enemy fire. They would dig in a zigzag form so the enemy can not blow up the whole line with one bomb.

In conclusion, the Gallipoli Campaign was not the biggest impact in the war as for other battles. For Russia, ANZACs, and the Ottomans/ Turks, the Gallipoli Campaign was significant for them but for Britain, it was a minor set back. The significance of the Gallipoli Campaign did not have a big impact in World War 1 but it had short-term and long-term consequences for certain types of people.  

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