One of the newer ‘’techniques’’ to emerge in the field of forensic psychology has been denominated criminal personality profiling. By using a decision model stage profiling process initiates considering the type and style of crime. After the full assessment, a profile generated is applied to the investigation. This approach demands authentic empirical evidence which shows the connection between personality traits and criminal behavior. To create a personality profile the forensic psychologist must be vigilant and know about all the detail about the case, forensic psychologist must know that as personality is the persistent pattern of behavior and like other human resources professionals often use the Big Five Personality dimensions to help place the individual. That is because these dimensions are considered to be the underlying traits that makeup an individual’s overall personality,
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Now to assess these trait if the informant is offender himself then psychologist can apply test like BFI(Big Five Inventory) and MMPI to assess the personality (MMPI is very brief and lengthy so mostly psychologist not used this because of time limit set by the court) but if the informants are family, friends etc then psychologist have to conduct structured interviews and subjectively assess the personality or pre-morbid personality.
Personality sometimes changes after the onset of a mental illness. If so, what is wanted here is a description of his personality before the illness began. In pre-morbid personality psychologist asked about follow point given below.
Ability to trust others and make and sustain relationships: anxious or secure, make decisions, friendly, warm, demonstrative, reserved, cold, indifferent, secretive, competitive, jealous, dominant, submissive, ambivalent, authoritarian, dependent, aggressive, quarrelsome, sensitive, suspicious, resentful. Different attitudes to own and opposite sex. Evidence of difficulty in role taking gender, sexual, familiar, parental and work.
Egocentric, Selfish, indulgent. Vain, self dramatizing. Critical, deprecatory and self conscious. Attitude to own health, bodily functions: over concerned, neglectful. Realistic or unrealistic self appraisal. Attitude to past achievement and failure, to the future and to dying.
Rigid, uncompromising, complaints, easy permissive, over-conscientious, perfectionist, conforming, rebellious, religious beliefs.
Stable, changeable , swings of mood, optimistic, pessimistic, anxious, irritable, worrying, tense, lively, apathetic, ability to express and control feelings of anger, sadness, pleasure, disappointment, etc. inhibited, open.
Books, plays, pictures, music, etc. preferred sports and others leisure activities, creative activities. Spend leisure time alone or with one or two friends or many friends.
Day dreaming, dreams and night mares. Reaction pattern to stress:(in suitable cases a life chart should be drawn up) ability to tolerate frustration, losses, disappointment and circumstance arousing anger, anxiety and depression. Evidence for the excessive use of particular defense mechanism. Such as denial, rationalization and projection.
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