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Identification and First Aid for Bites and Stings

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Bites and stings topic is considerable for every individual because everyone can deal with stings or bites. Bites and stings of insects, animals, rodents and other species happen at least once with everyone. Bite is a bite in skin to feed self. Sting is more a protection by injecting venom into skin. Bites can cause severe allergic reaction, and stings can be dangerous for person because they can lead to death. “In 2011, the American Association of Poison Control Centers reported that the 57 poison control centers in the United States received over 66, 000 calls for bites or venom poisoning. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that bites and stings from insects, spiders, or bees caused 25 deaths in the same year. The United States statistics says that many calls and even 25 deaths occur in 2011, and this report is not positive about bites and stings. However, species do not attack person directly, but only when provoke them.

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There are many types of insects, rodents, animals and other species, which can bite or sting a person, and each bite and sting treatment different. Most popular bites and stings are snakes, spiders, bees, ticks, fleas, raccoons and other. Statistics says that, “Although many bug bites are relatively harmless, there are some that can lead to debilitating or deadly diseases. Bugs bites can lead to fatal end. There are many symptoms of bites and stings, such as pain, swelling, redness, blister itching, shortness of breath, nausea, and other. Diagnose is made mainly by physical examination, but that may be very hard to identify what kind because different species and animals can sting or bite. The important is to know what bite or sting, and it is very helpful for the doctor to determine treatment.

Treatment is different for each animal insect, rodent, and other. Therefore, people need to go immediately to emergency care. Treatment may be epinephrine pen, steroids and antibiotics that will prevent infection. If person has problem with breathing, oxygen is given. If bites or stings can be transmitted, health care professionals need to take care of it. Diseases that can be transmitted are malaria, Lyme disease, typhus and other. First aid is given differently, and it is based on bite or sting. Mild reaction aid is to move person to safe area without any species. Also, if available get First Aid Kit and AED. If there is a stinger, remove the stinger with a help of tweezers or other sharp object. In addition, wash the area with soap and a lot of water for some minutes. Therefore, make cool compress from ice for 20 minutes to reduce swelling and pain. If sting or bite is on arm or leg, elevate it.

In case, situation get worse, call 911 and healthcare provider. However, use 0. 5 or 1 percent hydrocortisone cream, calamine lotion or a baking soda paste several times daily until symptoms go away, but if doctor recommends Bites and stings can also lead to allergic reaction. In this situation, call 911 immediately. Also, use Epinephrine pen for allergic attack. Basically, press the autoinjector against the person’s thigh, and hold it for several seconds and rub. Also, loosen tight clothing and articles to breathe better. Cover person with a blanket and calm down. If the person is vomiting, position person to prevent choking. If person not breathing, perform CPR.

First aid and identification of emergency are very important because they help to save life of a person. Therefore, people should be educated how to deal in particular situation, and how to provide first aid. Stroke, internal bleeding, bites and stings are serious topics that need to be known. These medical, environmental, injuries emergences may occur with everyone, and good care can prevent fatal end.

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