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Influence of Black Death in Europe

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The nature and number of people living in cities have been affected by infectious diseases. Over the course of history, illnesses have always been big epidemics. Many infectious diseases have played an important role in our lives, our economies, our culture and our daily lives. And many of these consequences continue long after the cessation of disease. Rapid diseases spread across a world not only have an effect on the mind and physical health of a person, but can also have an impact on a country’s politics and economy. While analyzing The Black Death as a transformational event for Eruropean Culture during the period of 1350-1700, one example of cause and effect during The Black Death can be seen in population change affecting labor wages, decline in feudalism caused revolt, and spread of disease on the trade routes which affected the expansion of trade.

The first thing that impacted workers ‘ incomes was the explanation for population loss. Between 1347 and 1351 the Black Death caused by the pest of Yersinia washed away between 30 and 50% of the population of Europe. The Europeans who did this by the Black Death sadly created a far better world. Food prices have fallen, wages have grown, and living standards have increased. From the point of view of many of the victims, the outcome of the plague may have been positive at the end because the drastic reduction in the number of workers meant that their work had suddenly been in greater demand. In particular, the workers would discuss their salaries. For example, the decline in population–maybe 50% by the turn of the 15th century (from the height of 1310)–likely altered land: labor relations enough to increase the marginal productivity of work and thus its own real wage, (although the real salary is calculated in economic theory by the labour’s marginal income). Real wages would also have been motivated by a decline in living costs, primarily due to the fall in the prices of bread grain, whose decrease would undoubtedly have been the result of both the elimination of marginal high-cost areas and the rise in marginal agricultural work productivity. By the 1350s, war and disease had reduced the population of Europe to the extent that the countryside had become precious. However, there were largely unchanged conditions for the servants themselves. You had been artificially low, but heavily taxed on salaries. The peasants of Europe were unable to survive under these circumstances.

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First, feudalism decreased due to the spread of the disease. Political changes in England, illnesses and conflicts are the major causes of this decrease. Cultural interaction In this period the culture of feudalism, centered on noble cheerleaders and castles, decreased. Feudalism was a centralized land use and patronage system that governed Europe from the 9th to the 14th century. Under feudalism, the realm of a sovereign was divided into land called manors. The nobles who governed these estates oversaw agriculture and swore the King’s allegiance. Feudalismus helped to stabilize European society despite the social inequality it brought about. Yet feudalism collapsed in the 14th century. Warfare, diseases and political change were the underlying causes. The Middle Ages also came to an end when Feudalism was finally finished. Ten years after the Hundred Years ‘ War started, in Europe, bubonic plague erupted. Bacterial infection known as Black Death, spreading north from Italy, claimed at least one third of the total population of Western Europe. The young men of France and England were already at war, and agricultural production decreased. Therefore, feudalism faced a new challenge. The damage caused by Manor after Manor was devastating. Yes, conditions were so severe that thousands of workers fled to larger towns, an act that was punishable by law in the past. The end of servitude signified the end of feudalism. Without a supply of labor, Europe’s manors could no longer work. The early capitalist institutions of the Renaissance gradually replaced feudalism as it disappeared. Landowners have now turned for profit to privatized agriculture. Workers began to demand-and have been given-higher wages and freedoms. So the slow rise of urbanization began and the cosmopolitan view of the world that characterized the renaissance came with it.

Lastly, the Black Plague affected the trade routes, affected trade expansion and made trading of goods much more difficult. Plant and pathogens are frequently diffused through trading pathways including epidemic diseases such as bubonic pest. Once the disease has been introduced to animals in close contact with human beings, it has started to spread along established trade routes. By the 1300’s, a number of Italian city countries had developed commercial relations across the Mediterranean and the Black Seas. The plague came in 1346 to the Mongol soldiers who besieged the town of Kaffa. Trade globalization has provided numerous advantages, increased access to consumer products and technologies and expanded awareness. The pestilence however indicates that the potential harm caused by diseases has increased cross-cultural interactions across denser trade networks. The Middle Ages Silk Road brought to Europe a wealth of commodities, spices and new ideas. In 1346, merchants possibly also wore the deadly bubonic plague in the so-called Black Death, which killed as many as half of all Europeans in seven years. It was thought that later eastward outbreaks in Europe had arrived via a similar route. The plague started in Asia and on trade ships spread to Europe. Nobody knew at that time what the plague was about. Several years later, bacteria from black rats and fleas were identified as the origin. Upon jumping on the ships and heading to Genoa, Venice, Messina, and other European ports, the floes poisoned the mice and rabbits. The plague spread rapidly through Europe from these areas.

The Black Death has affected the people who influenced wages directly, employers who negotiate cold salaries throughout the 13th century. Europe had already been overcrowded before the plague and, because of reduced competition for resources, a reduction of 30-50 percent would have led to higher wages and more land and food available for the peasants. Feudalism decreased.peasant workers would leave the lords ‘ lands in order to try to obtain higher pay due to a huge labor shortage. The earth, the main source of wealth, had been usually worthless now. A wealth of commodities, spices and new ideas from China and Central Asia was carried into Europe by the ancient Silk Road. By 1346 the trading possibly also brought the devastating bubonic plague, which in 7 years killed as many as half of the Europeans. In that time, the Mongol Empire was a world history.

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