Please note! This essay has been submitted by a student.
The three people I would like to discuss is J. Edgar Hoover, Tyrann Mathieu, and Louis Farrakhan. These three powerful men are noteworthy for the courage and relentlessness that was showed during their lengthy careers. Even though these three men are highly controversial, viewing their careers in their organizations from an objective standpoint will help us to see the good and bad characteristics that these individuals had.
For nearly 50 years, John Edgar Hoover’s power was matchless. Hoover was a law enforcement administrator and the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States. Hoover built an empire on information in the United States of America. As head of the FBI, Hoover knew things that everyone else wanted to remain hidden. He terrified politicians and government officials with deep dark secrets of the administration. Hoover was more famous as celebrities and as more powerful as presidents during his tenure. Hoover acquired a draft-excluded position with the Justice Department. His productivity and conservatism before long drew the consideration of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer who designated him to lead the General Intelligence Division (GID), made to assemble data on radical gatherings.
In 1919, the GID directed assaults without court orders and captured several people from suspected radical gatherings. Although referred to history as the “Palmer Raids,” Hoover was the man off camera, and several speculated subversives were extradited. At last, Palmer experienced politically the backfire and was compelled to leave, while Hoover’s notoriety stayed stellar. In 1924, the 29-year-old Hoover was named a chief of the Bureau of Investigation by President Calvin Coolidge. He had long looked for the position and acknowledged the arrangement on the conditions that the agency be totally separated from governmental issues and that the chief report just to the lawyer gene Prior to Hoover’s tenure as Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, there were a series of scandals involving the bureau during World War One that caused the FBI to be powerless. The Attorney General at that time fired the director in 1924. Then Hoover rose to rank as Director of FBI. Within ten years Hoover and his advanced crime-fighting force captured the most wanted gangsters in the country. Replacing the anti-hero gangsters in the American imagination was a new icon, Hoover’s “G Men”.
The image of the bureau had changed radically, the G men was someone who was proficient in physical combat and was highly intelligent at solving criminal investigations. To aid in J. Edgar Hoover’s rise, a public relation staff kept Hoover’s name in the newspaper and media every day. He became the most powerful and famous cop in all of America at that time. As the United States geared up for World War II, President Roosevelt authorized Hoover’s FBI to use wiretaps and electronic surveillance for cases that seemed necessary for national security. Hoover could use the surveillance for his own purposes which opened a way to the widespread abuse of civil liberties. Bureau officials on their own decided who constituted a threat to the nation’s security interest. The result was a massive monitoring of American citizens. Hoover’s reach expanded beyond spy hunting and inside of the nation’s bedroom. Hoover became a crusade to defend moral virtue.
The FBI started in 1937 to collective information about homosexual activities. In targeting homosexuals, Hoover formulated a secret program called, “sex deviant”. The purpose of this program was to identify individuals who were homosexuals that might be employed in the federal government. Homosexuality was outside of the bureau’s jurisdiction, but Hoover argued that homosexuality posed a national security threat. It was thought and there was evidence that people who were homosexual were more prone to being black-mailed by the Soviets. For Hoover if anyone seemed suspicious and vulnerable to being black-mailed it was the FBI’s responsibility to investigate them. Advances in surveillance techniques would give Hoover’s agents even greater access into the lives of Hoover’s friends and enemies including the presidents on who he served. Under J. Edgar Hoover, the FBI collected information on thousands of Americans. The secret files were the source of Hoover’s power. After Hoover’s death in 1972, many of his personal secrets were destroyed by his female secretary. Today Hoover is known as a very powerful and clever government official who had ability to bring down well known gangsters and even crooked government officials.
Tyrann Mathieu, a New Orleans, Louisiana native and standout NFL football player was raised by his grandparents. His mother a was young when she had him and his biological father is in prison for murder. His uncle later adopted him because of his need of a father figure in his life. Mathieu’s newly adopted parents was who first introduced him to sports. He quickly excelled in football, baseball, and basketball gaining the nickname, “The eye of the tiger”. Growing up in New Orleans East he would play basketball at the park sometimes with gangbangers and criminals. This taught Mathieu a different level of toughness. He was known for being real quiet with a lot to say on the football field. These humble beginnings growing up through poverty birth the unmatchable tenacity that Tyrann Mathieu translated to football.
At the University of Louisiana, he earned the nickname “The Honey Badger” from his shuffling pass defenders and his fearless style of play on the football field. Tyrann was a Heisman trophy finalist in his sophomore season, but with all the success came pressure. Before training camp started in his junior year at Louisiana State University, Tyrann had failed multiple drug test for marijuana. He along with four other LSU football players were removed from the team indefinitely. To turn over a new leaf, he was invited to live and train in South Florida by his best friend and former teammate Patrick Peterson. Patrick Peterson became a key component in helping him to rebuild his football career and prepare himself for the NFL draft. With a cloud of red flags over Tyrann’s name, he got lucky and became the 69th pick of the NFL draft. Drafted by the Arizona Cardinals, He was reunited with his former college teammate and best friend Patrick Peterson and became an All star in his first season in the NFL. During his tenure in the NFL he continued to stay on a straight and narrow path and is on track to possibly become a Hall of Famer. Tyrann Mathieu has been playing football professionally for over ten years and has become a catalyst for football players who have made grave mistakes and was able to turn it around.
Louis Farrakhan, an American religious leader, black nationalist, activist, and social commentator is the National Representative of the controversial Nation of Islam. Born May 11, 1993 in Bronx, New York, Louis Farrakhan was raised in a highly disciplined and spiritual single parent household. His mother was a native of St. Kitts, Jamaica. Farrakhan’s mother always would engage him and his brother Alvin in conversations about the struggle for freedom, equality and justice. Known by many as “The Charmer”, Farrakhan achieved fame in Boston as a vocalist, pianist, and calypso singer in his earlier years. Even though music was his first love he abandoned his music career and joined the Nation of Islam in 1955. Appointed by longtime Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad, Farrakhan served as a minister in the major mosques of Boston, Massachusetts and New York City, New York. The NOI was founded in 1934 by Master Fard Muhammad and gained plenty of notoriety under Elijah Muhammad till 1975. Elijah Muhammad’s departure and Imam Warith Dean Muhammad ascension brought drastic changes to the Nation of Islam. After the Nation of Islam was totally disbanded in 1981, Farrakhan rebuilt the work of Elijah Muhammad. In 1981 Farrakhan revived the Nation of Islam, regaining many of the Nation of Islam national properties. The reopening of the infamous Mosque Maryam was the beginning of a journey to reopen at least 130 mosques across America. Under the leadership of Louis Farrakhan, the Nation of Islam has been viewed by many as a catalyst for growth and development of Islam in America. Farrakhan is also widely known for his controversial rhetoric involving the Jewish community. A prominent Jewish Anti-Defamation Group, the Southern Poverty of Law Center views Farrakhan as being an “anti-Semite”. In one of his may lectures, Farrakhan said of the Jews “And don’t you forget, when God puts you into an oven, its forever”. Farrakhan has repeatedly denied these views of his ideology. On October 5, 1995, Farrakhan led and organized the million-man march in our nation’s capital. The million-man march was based on the calling of black men to accept the responsibility to renew the condition of their families and communities. At 85 years of age, Farrakhan still maintains a grueling work schedule. Welcomed by many churches and mosques around the world, Farrakhan have recently been attempting to bring the religious groups under some form of unity. Farrakhan’s Legacy holds decades of controversy and inspiration to many around the world.