exit-popup-close
Have you found the sample you need?

Save your time and order an original essay now!

close

Leadership Behavioral Preferences In Asian Countries

Download PDF

Cross-cultural research in Asia has identified societies with high power distance and collectivist preferences. Interactions between leaders and followers is to preserve a distance between both parties, with leaders remaining in a paternalistic management style, authoritarian in nature, the followers are obliged to comply.

Essay due? We'll write it for you!

- any subject

- min. 3-hour delivery

- pay if satisfied

Get your price

Despite cultural and traditional tendencies, over the years of economic development and globalization of business and education, cross-borders partnerships and foreign direct investments across nations, Asians have been attracted to Western education of all levels, therefore a combination of tertiary education and executive degrees, often inspired by the aspiration of entering international businesses, have been extensively sought after. The impact is that Asian students and professionals are nowadays more and more Westernized in many aspects, from leadership style preferences, to specific leader behaviors and organizational cultural types. Liden (2012) has found, thus, a convergence rather than divergence of universally well-known leadership theories.

Many similarities between Western and Asia leadership behavioral preferences have been found by scholars specifically when high power distance Asian countries expressing their inclination towards autonomy and dislike over authoritarian controlling leadership styles. Whilst autonomy helped build positive relationships and job satisfaction, prominently expressed in Asian countries with lower power distance was true.

Liden (2012) had looked at the cultural comparison of practices of transformational leadership, LMX and servant leadership, finding that all three have shown more similarities than differences across the Western and Asian geographies. The main differences in transformational leadership in Asia were found over cultural variables such as power distance, assertiveness level, traditional values which tended to be more specific per countries, all in all transformational leadership tended to generate OCB and positive performance, primarily in China. Liden also found antecedents such as trust and distributive justice to be highly correlated in Asia under low power distance countries, however, less correlated in countries under high power distance. Testing for servant leadership presence in Asia via the servant leadership scale the mean represented in Chinese employees was higher (4.93) than from the employees in the United States (4.67), expressing, therefore, servant leadership having great potential in Asia. Repeating the usage of the same scale, Schaubroeck, Lam & Pang (2011) found that there were no differences between the mean in Hong Kong and United States of the same employees of the multinational bank.

Other researchers agree that dominant leadership theories are well suited in Asia. They further content that in large-scale cross-cultural studies there were more similarities than differences discovered amongst universal theories of leadership, thus in the name of rigor and parsimony, it would be less than useful and appropriate to generate new country based leadership theories. Nevertheless, cross-cultural studies on leadership ought to be tested for cultural moderators’ effects that are universally endorsed leadership constructs.

Their analysis of Mainland Chinese organizations found that although transformational leadership may work well in the higher hierarchies in organizational relationships, it failed in empirical research to support innovation due to intrinsic motivation showing a weaker effect on work motivation, as in many of the Asian cultures of the collectivist nature mixed with larger power distance tended to be weaker. Trust is their immediate supervisor was found to be a big performance factor – stewardship in small businesses and in operational leadership roles in larger organizations where the role interface with the immediate supervisor was more relevant, concluding that stewardship was highly appreciated from leaders. Stewardship also contributed to competitive advantage in forming social and government ties for business relations in China, given that the legal and institutional settings are complex and uncertain. In a sample of 154 teams, it was found that creativity was increased by self-identification towards the servant leader and the higher the self-identification the stronger the client for innovation existed.

Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. You can order our professional work here.

Download essay
74 editors online and ready to help you with your essay
close

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.

close

Thanks!

Your essay sample has been sent.

Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

thanks-icon Order now

Newest essays & research papers

Wealth optimizer overview The Indian value advertise presents a phenomenal open door for the long haul speculators. Sharekhan offers you answer for meet your budgetary targets. Wealth Optimizer is a…
There’s actually been a leaked paper coming out of those sands out and they have given five different options of where they see the super rugby competition in that twenty…
When we look back towards 2007, The Boston Celtics was one of the worst teams in all of NBA history with an appalling 24-58 record, winning approximately twenty nine percent…
London was the most attractive location for foreign investors in 2017 but now the increase in price and volatile returns have diverted investors to seek options in some of the…
People who lead hectic lives and have busy routines find it very hard to take out the trash daily and to dispose it of in a proper way. Therefore, it…
The lock-less place that came in news. A village so naive where faith is a legacy. A village that is open to all, always. Essay due? We'll write it for…
Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, both these countries are composed with similar traditional, religious and cultural values. On top of that, both countries have great geographical advantages and have been elevating…
In Demanding Canadian experience is no way to conduct business, Elliot (2017) argues that, Canadian work experience from recently arrived foreigners is not the correct method to give employments. In…
The aspect of Canadian society being satirized is that of the economic society. Rick Mercer is shining a light on political issues that harm generations to come by humoring the…
How much time do you spend staring at your phone screen? Researchers found out that the average teenager checks their phone 85 times a day. Many people don’t even realize…
India newest pride, Hima Das has taken the world by storm by becoming the first Indian woman to win a gold medal during the recent IAAF World Under-20 Championships in…
The ability to see true beauty formed from the earth is one of the few penniless pleasures the world has to offer. Sculpted from high speed winds or shaped from…
Load More

Eduzaurus.com uses cookies to offer you the best service possible.By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.

Do not miss your deadline waiting for inspiration! Our writers will handle essay of any difficulty in no time. Want to get a custom essay from scratch?
Do not miss your deadline waiting for inspiration! Our writers will handle essay of any difficulty in no time. Want to get a custom essay from scratch?
Do not miss your deadline waiting for inspiration! Our writers will handle essay of any difficulty in no time. Want to get a custom essay from scratch?