The Twentieth Century American experienced The United States education system deteriorate and had to encounter the issues of segregation. This subject matter led to plenty of students being denied access to a fair education and withdrew the chance for them to go to a school of their choice all because of their race. Segregation was upheld constitutionally under the “separate but equal” doctrine. According to the Smithsonian Museum of American history, The Separate but equal doctrine was a legal document that was a part of the United States constitutional law, that explained that racial segregation did not violate any rights but granted equal opportunities and facilities, as far as education, transportation and even jobs(Smithsonian Museum of American history,2003). Though the “separate but equal “doctrine was a part of the constitution it was a ruling made by white people and was for the benefit of white people. White schools were made close to the neighborhood that they lived, so it was convenient for them. Black schools were only built in certain areas and if black children wanted to attend school, they would have to walk miles and hours across town each day just to receive an education. Many African Americans had enough of the injustice and decided to speak up and make a change. On May 17th,1954 a monumental case of Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas, a decision was made and changed things in the united Stated drastically.
In Topeka, Kansas, there was a little black girl by the name of Linda Brown who was in the third grade. Linda Brown was forced to take a five-mile bus ride then walk two miles every day through a not-so-well-maintained railroad switchyard to get her back and forth to her black elementary school. Though she lived very close to a white elementary school she was forced to go to an only black school that was further away. Linda Brown’s dad, Oliver Brown, attempted to make a change that he felt was more fit for his daughter, by trying to enroll her at the white elementary school that was only seven blocks away from where he and his daughter resided. Unfortunately, Brown did not have a positive turnout. The principal of the white elementary school refused to allow Brown’s black daughter to attend their school of only whites. Brown wanted the best education for his daughter, and after the principal refused Oliver Brown, he went to meet with the head of the Topeka’s branch of NAACP, which stands for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and requested assistance from them. The NAACP has had a problem with the segregation in public schools as well and stopped at nothing to assist the Browns. In 1951, about 12 other black parents joined in to help Brown and the NAACP build a case against segregation in public schools. These parents had also been denied when trying to enroll their black children into white schools.
Between June twenty-fifth and twenty-sixth of 1951, The case was taken to the U.S District Court and they heard the case.
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