Native mythology and Great Awakening of religious revival are evident in both texts. They use symbolism to convey the intended information. For instance, the spider or loathsome insect held over the fire symbolizes sinners over the pit of fire in the text Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. It informs Christians to recognize judgment. Can you add an example from the other the Iroquois Creation story as well in this paragraph?
What is this “Native mythology and Great Awakening” and where did you obtain this info?On the other hand, Iroquois Creation Story uses the symbolism of the good and evil sons who are creators of goodness and trouble. It explains their impacts to cultural and societal norms for the future generations. Although the literal texts use symbolism, there exist three differences found in “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” by Jonathan Edwards and “Iroquois Creation Story” by David Cusick including the purpose, rhetorical devices, and the authors’ use of pathos. David (Can you use last name only when referencing the author) Cusick uses only mythic imagery while Jonathan Edwards uses vivid imagery supported with a detailed description. Citing Wonderley (xv), he acknowledges myths of the Iroquois expresses the concept of imagery through which mythopoeic language evokes vivid imagery and besides favoring comparisons. For instance, I felt the connection between bad mind and good mind in the myth from the perspective that good always triumphs over evil. Hence, the bad mind wanted the world to stay in a natural state(darkness) while good mind still created it and so sibling rivalry, where the good mind triumphed against bad mind making him evil spirit (Cusick, 34). Such mythopoeic imagery acts as a signpost for the people of Iroquois people to be able to stay together peaceful.
Besides, during the Edwards sermon, there are displays of vivid imagery supported by the detailed description. For instance, Edward (397) he refers to sins saying “it is a great furnace of wrath, a wide and bottomless pit, and full of the fire of wrath. ” Reinforcing the vivid imagery he had used before he says that God’s wrath to sinners who are on earth is equivalent to those who are in hell. Edward uses the imagery for catching the reader’s attention and follows by great a descriptive detail which provokes fear in the listeners. In short, imagery has been handled differently in both contexts. Iroquois Creation Story is a purposed message to Iroquois society while Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God is a message to sinners to repent. Cusick (32) says “Cusick calls the work history because it tells the history of the Iroquois Confederacy. ” To explain, it acknowledges the creation story history of his people and the future generation. Besides we see the role of women in the society, who pass through pain to give birth to twins who play a role in the creation of the earth. Citing Johansen (299), he supports that the creation theory explains and bolsters the Iroquoian women primacy. Where the sky woman plays a role of providing and a being a creator of life in the story hence this is a setup stage for improving women treatment in the Iroquois Society. In contrast, we see that the purpose of Edward’s message is making people beware of hell by instilling fear in them. To elaborate, Edward (397) says, “O sinner! Consider the fearful danger you are in: It is a great furnace of wrath, a wide and bottomless pit, full of the fire of wrath, that you are held in the hand of that God, whose wrath is provoked and incensed as much against you, as against many of the damned in hell. ” In short, he tells sinners the devil is waiting for them in hell, and so they have no refuge to hold on since God is dreadfully provoked. Therefore, they will have to face the wrath of hell. Edward used terror preaching with particular descriptive language to catch audience emotions while Cusick used a direct communication and personification that clearly explains the story. For instance, he stresses Gods anger as being severe than human warrior thus no room for survival. Further, Edward argues that inflicting pain in hell is without mercy. It is to make people take it seriously and no one to meet the wrath of God.
Additionally, he uses figurative words, other extensive literal devices and frightening metaphors which help to pass the intended message. For example, Edward (391) uses metaphors where he says, “as one that stands or walks in slippery places is always exposed to fall. ” It equates to unlike things happening hell bringing imagery of suffering in hell. Conversely, Wallace (1) argues that critics find this sermon as an appalling example of Puritan theology and Calvinism. On the contrary, the Cusick story was appealing to the audience except for the part where bad mind brother tried to burst way out from the mother’s womb and the woman’s suffering. Besides, we see personification throughout the myth. Citing Cusick (32), he says, “When the monsters were assembled, and they made consultation, one of them was appointed in haste to search the great deep. ” The myth gave the monster the human nature of consulting and assembling to convey the intended message of the tale. (This paragraph has the same exact words from the 2nd paragraph, I don’t want the same thing written 2x)
In conclusion, both the literal texts used symbolism to convey the intended message. However, there exist three differences found in “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” by Jonathan Edwards and “Iroquois Creation Story” by David Cusick which includes the purpose, rhetorical devices, and the authors’ use of pathos hence the differences. Therefore, Cusick’s primary use of mythic imagery while Jonathan Edwards use of vivid imagery by supporting it with detailed descriptions. Furthermore, Iroquois Creation Story as a purposed message to Iroquois society while Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God being a message to sinners to repent. In summary, Edward uses terror preaching with particular descriptive language to catch audience emotions while Cusick used a direct communication and personification to explain the myth clearly.
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