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Meaning of Being a Good Citizen

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A citizen is a person who has the country’s passport that they are staying in and can legally live in that country. Although Citizenship is the position or status of being a citizen of a particular country. Citizenship can be viewed in different ways. For example, public services view it as helpful, as people help in solving crimes by being witnesses, report crime, and give alibis to convict the guilty and get justice for people who are the victims of the crime. Whereas the legal viewpoint is showing responsibility and rights to an individual that has been given rights by the country to legally live there.

To be a good citizen, they need to have positive attitudes towards other people which includes being trustworthy, honest, and tolerant. Doing those important actions will cause other people to trust that individual which will create a better relationship between people and will create a safer environment. A good person will also participate in community activities like volunteering in a soup kitchen that can make the local area safer, as helping out in a community can decrease crime and poverty, and it also makes the individual get a better sense of responsibility and self-discipline. When helping out the community the person can have a better awareness of everything that is going around them as they are more open-minded and feel greater empathy towards others as they discover their diverse lifestyle. This also makes the person more cautious for their actions as they have a greater understanding of the individual’s situation, which greatly contradicts theirs. Diversity is when a person or group is different from others in religion, ethnicity, or culture.

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Public services like the police have equality and Diversity because they can help to work more creatively and more productive to improve their performance. As well as follow a range of policies that they follow to ensure they are respecting equality and diversity and not disrespecting anyone.

Some communities discriminate and some have the highest respect for people who are different. In some areas, there is a mixture of people with different beliefs, values, and social circles, which includes ethnicities, race, and religion. Ethnicity nationality is when a country accepts different people and gives equal opportunities to everyone. UK views ethnicity, religion, gender, and age positively, as the UK embraces equality and tries to eliminate discrimination by creating equal opportunities and develop good working relationships between different people. Locally some communities can discriminate as they are not comfortable staying with people who look or have different values or cultures to them, however other communities accept diversity and equality and choose to live side by side with them.

Racism – discriminating against someone of a different race based on that their race is superior.

Racist – feels discriminated against by people of other races.

Multiculturalism – the presence of several distinct cultural or ethnic groups.

Ethnocentricity – the belief that your own cultural or ethnic group is superior.

Sexism – stereotyping, or discriminating a person based on their sex.

Heterosexist – it is to show sexism and racism towards a certain group or individual

Homophobia – dislike of homosexual people.

equal opportunity – the policy of treating people without discrimination, based on their sex, race, or age.

Equality – being fair to everyone and giving them opportunities.

Prejudice – preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or experience.

Harassment – aggressive pressure.

Victimization – bullying a person or putting them under pressure.

Disability – a physical or mental condition that limits a person’s movements or activities.

direct and indirect discrimination – direct and indirect discrimination are the legal term that applies if you treat someone differently than someone else has been treated because they are different.

Public service can be paid for in two different ways using the public, through statutory and non-statutory. statutory is paid by the taxpayers which are funded by the government and are officially set up by the law. They are uniformed and highly professional, for example, the NHS. However Non – statutory is a service that does not receive a lot of government funding so they are paid by the public through organizations such as charities, which are set up by people and not the parliament.  Integration is when people from different backgrounds are brought together, for example, in school. This causes a lot of people to be set out apart from others who are in differ their race, culture or religion. Unlike tolerance is when certain people do something that you dislike. In contrast, people could discriminate and treat others differently based on the way they live and do things. Which does not give an equal opportunity. The individuals treating the person differently based on their background is not giving them the respect and equality they deserve as they feel different and left out from everyone else. However, the majority of communities in the UK accept multiculturalism and it’s when many people from different backgrounds and ethnicities come together. When there are a group of diverse people most members will give an equal opportunity to everyone, to make them feel wanted and not left out, by doing positive actions such as helping them out, in the tasks they struggle the most. Public services are a large group of people in different sectors who work together to solve the individual’s problems and due to this, they need to show social responsibility, as they are representing and serving the public in which they cannot discriminate or let anyone feel inferior to others.

Emily Pankhurst was sent to prison for protesting for women’s rights, to allow them to vote. In which the Representation of the People Act 1918 was created so women could vote at the age of 30, and let men vote at age 21. However, the act was reformed and is called the Equal Franchise Act of 1928 which allowed women to vote over the age of 21. Another example is John Howard aimed to reform prisons. The Gaol act 1774 was created in improving the sanitary state of prisons and better preservation of the health of the prisoners. The second act called the penitentiary act 1779 was only carried out in 1785 which included making separate cells, improving health care, exercise facilities, and religious facilities.

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