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Melanoma – The Worst Kind Of Skin Cancer

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There are three types of skin cancer, melanoma is the most dangerous. Although it is more rare than the other two, melanoma is the most likely to propagate and can lead to death. As with all cancers of the skin, sun exposure is the main cause of the disease.

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In the United States there are more than 62,000 cases of melanoma diagnosed each year. Outside of these cases, 7,900 people will die of the disease. Learn the facts related to Skin Cancer and its sources, signs, and cures.

Causes

Melanoma is the worst kind of skin cancer. Not only can affect areas of the skin, which is capable of spreading to other organs in the body, as well as the bones. The root cause of melanoma is, basically, be exposed to too much sun. The normal skin cells become abnormal, grow quickly, and then attack the tissues that surround them.

People who have a history of melanoma in their families are at greater risk of developing the disease. If the people in your family have a history of many moles, this can also make you more prone to a melanoma. Although moles themselves do not cause melanoma, taking a multitude of them may be a sign that the melanoma in their family.

Symptoms

Begin in the basic sign of melanoma is the change in size or shape of a mole or birthmark that you already have. Although melanoma can grow within a mole or birthmark that already exists, usually appear on the skin without mark. Melanoma can occur anywhere on the body, but most often found on the legs of a woman and the top of the backs of men.

An existing mole may show signs of melanoma by thickening when originally was flat. The surface of the mole can become flaky and crispy, or may ooze and bleed. The skin that surrounds the mole may emit a burning sensation and redness, swelling and itching. It is not unlikely that the affected area to have skin that breaks into smaller pieces.

As the melanoma develops in the later stages and worst, the affected area can be broken and bleeding occurs, as well as pain. When the melanoma has entered the stage of metastases, the lymph nodes in the armpits or groin may swell. You can also have a package colorless that appears below the skin. Other symptoms of this stage are the weight loss that cannot be explained, aging of the skin, chronic cough and headaches.

Diagnosis

It is very important to seek medical attention immediately if you notice a change in a mole or develops a suspicious-looking area on your skin. Early finding and treatment is important when it comes to melanoma. If your doctor suspects you might have melanoma, a biopsy will be taken from the suspected area and is sent to a pathologist for examination. If melanoma is greater than 1 mm of thickness, the lymph nodes will be revised to see if the cancer has spread there. A lymph node biopsy may be done if you suspect that have been extended to the lymphatic system. Another test to see if the melanoma has spread to this system is a biopsy of sentinel lymph node. If you think that the cancer has spread to other areas of the body, the imaging tests can be performed. These tests include a PET scan, CT scan or an MRI. This type of evidence will be able to determine if the cancer has spread to areas such as the lungs and or other organs.

Treatment

Treatment of melanoma depends on what stage of the disease is in. There are five phases of melanoma, each nasty than the other. In stage 0, the melanoma has affected only the outer layer of the skin. At this stage, it is possible to eliminate the cancer, by surgical removal of the affected area of the skin. In stage 1, the area of the melanoma is a little larger than in stage 0, but the most likely can be treated in the same way.

In stage II melanoma, the cancer has grown larger than 1 mm of thickness, but may still have not spread to the lymph nodes. If this is the case, surgery is the common treatment. You can also go through a biopsy of the lymph joints and you will be given a drug called interferon. In third phase of melanoma, the cancer has blowout to the lymph nodes and has become more serious. The treatment is going to call for surgical removal of the tumor, as well as all the lymph joints in the surrounding area. The person so he started on interferon, also known as immunotherapy. The interferon kills the cancer cells while the stimulation of the immune system of the body.

The stage IV melanoma is the worst case of this disease. Actions may contain radiation, chemotherapy and immunotherapy. From stage IV melanoma is cancer that has spread throughout the body, the treatment is not curing the disease, but rather help the patient to manage the symptoms of the same.

Prevention / Solution

The best way to prevent any type of skin cancer, as well as melanoma, is to stay out of the sun’s damaging rays. For most, this is not totally possible. Outdoors in the sunlight, be smart. The sun’s rays are most harmful between 10 a.m. to 16:00 try limiting your exposure during these hours. Use a sunscreen that is at least an SPF 15 whenever you go outside. Be sure to wear protective clothing when outside as long-sleeved shirts, hats, sunglasses and long pants. If possible, avoid sunbathing all organized, as well as bronzing booths. Check your body regularly to detect signs of changes in moles or other differences in areas of the skin. Above all, if you notice a change in one area of your skin, seek medical advice as soon as possible.

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