Introduction After the abolition of slavery, discrimination and hate crimes continued to occur, eventually leading to Jim Crow laws and later the civil rights movement. Combined, these past events formed the current dilemma we have today, which is the constant feeling of inferiority, and the…
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Minorities are groups of people whose race, practices, ethnicity, religion, etc. are fewer in number compared to the main groups of these classifications. In sociology, a minority can be defined as a category of people that experience some sort of disadvantage compared to those in the dominant social group. Being a member of a minority group is pre-determined by differences in observable practices or characteristics such as disability, race, ethnicity, religion, and sexual orientation.
Minority groups have existed forever. These define any group of people, regardless of whether it includes a few people or a couple hundreds, that has different characteristics from a dominant group. The term frequently occurs within the discourse of collective and civil rights of today, especially since members of these groups are prone to differential treatment in the society where they live.
Since minorities have different points of view, skin color, religious belief, and other characteristics, they often face discrimination in different areas of life. These areas include employment, housing, education, healthcare, and more. All around the world, there’s discrimination at an individual level, but also through structural inequalities. This is the cause for many human rights revolutions and movements.
Even though we’ve come a long way toward reducing discrimination and unfair treatment of minorities, this is still present in many countries around the world. Rights and opportunities might be equal for all in the eyes of law, but this can differ in the actual society. This is why many countries nowadays offer a variety of perks to minorities to protect them from discrimination and afford them an equal social status to the group that is dominant.
- “The smallest minority on earth is the individual. Those who deny individual rights cannot claim to be defenders of minorities.” - Ayn Rand
- “All, too, will bear in mind this sacred principle, that though the will of the majority is in all cases to prevail, that will to be rightful must be reasonable; that the minority possess their equal rights, which equal law must protect, and to violate would be oppression.” - Thomas Jefferson
Children who are identified as multiethnic are 50% more numerous since 2000, which makes this the fastest-growing group among young people. Interracial marriage was illegal in several US states until 1967. Hispanic children were able to attend desegregated schools as late as the 1973, but even so, two of five students still attend racially segregated schools today. Race remains a big factor in the labor markets of today. According to the 2019 Economic Policy Institute research, black workers at any educational level are twice as likely as white workers to have problems with getting suitable employment i.e. be underemployed.