New medical developments and techniques brought about by technology have changed healthcare. Technology has changed the way physicians diagnose and deliver healthcare to patients. From treating cancer and delivering babies to dealing with heart attacks, this has really saved lives and improved the society. Also, the improvement in biomedical research, healthcare professionals will be better at tackling health problems in a cost-effective way. It has changed the way patients schedule appointments and receive treatment for sickness as well as the process for healthcare management. The medical field has always integrated and worked with science and formed partnerships with the brightest physicians and scientists. Technology has advanced the medical field in many ways and has improved the mortality rate and general well-being for patients.
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Population science for treating epidemics is one of the ways technology has improved healthcare. Population science is mostly the study of health and illness within groups. During the past years public health workers usually applied this field of study during outbreaks but now new technology has enabled the study of population science to change the medical field. Physicians can now look at the death rate, life span and frequency of illness throughout the healthcare system, by evaluating patients on a large scale and treat illnesses on an individual basis. Population science can allow doctors to find at a large-scale way to cure epidemics such as cancer, heart disease and obesity instead of just treating an individual. These epidemiological principles are now used in clinical studies to make the evaluation of medical procedures better.
Modern technology has improved healthcare using clinical practice guidelines. Evidence-based guidelines enables doctors to find or solve the likely causes of a symptom and the best way of treating it. New diseases and disorders are developing, and it is impossible for one doctor to know how to recognize and treat every disease in the world but with evidence-based guidelines a doctor may have an idea or may come close. For example, in Taiwan, the national health care system is designed so that doctors have instant access to these statistics from their computer. Even these guidelines may not always have a perfect success rate, but they can make diagnosing illness easier.
Electronic medical records have also improved healthcare. Medical billing and coding has switched from being a paper-based system to a computerized format. Doctors are benefiting largely from the drive toward electronic medical records. Doctors can access patient history and all the medication one has ever received and can figure out possible illnesses. This will prevent unnecessary costs and get refunds necessary to treat a patient. Health information exchange (HIE) also gives health care professionals and patients the information access they need. It allows for the secure sharing of patient medical history between physicians of all specialties at the same time allowing patients to access information about their own health.
The use ICD-10 in Medical Practice has also improved healthcare. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases, the ICD-10 is the latest version of this diagnostic tool. It allows illnesses, external causes and symptoms to be veiled. It contains 14,400 different codes, as well as additional sub-classifications. This tool can trace diagnoses and enables a country to track its morbidity rate and to retrieve and store diagnostic information.
The modern hospital experience has been improved by modern technology. Many medical technology companies have updated hospital stays to keep pace with the needs of modern patients. For example, NXT Health has improved room designs to remove wasteful needless repetition and technological clutter that affect many modern healthcare facilities. The new rooms feature substitutable parts that are easily adapted to the specific situation of a patient and this design has a minimal impact on facility operations while increasing patient comfort and likeliness to live.
Surgery simulation is one of the modern technologies that has improved healthcare. This tool allows real-world views of surgeries while removing the need for a live environment to train aspiring surgeons. It gives medical professionals the opportunity to experiment in a simulated environment, rather than risking making mistakes on real patients, increasing loss of life and disabilities.
Mitochondrial DNA transfer is another modern-day technology. This procedure is becoming a more potentially viable option for the reduction of gene related diseases. The process involves two parents who contribute to invitro fertilization and a third party who contributes the mitochondrial DNA, and this is being perfected so that its usefulness will soon be realized.
The use of health informatics has also improved healthcare. Because of the increasing technology, formidable health information system is required for medical practices and facilities to keep up. Health informatics combines information technology, health and communications and aims to improve patient care quality and interaction between medical professionals in other words health informatics makes it possible to digitalize healthcare. The new approaches to medical coding, health information exchange and billing mentioned above need quality databases that can meet the needs of each physician and medical practice and guarantee patient information is secure. This means there is need of server configuration and assigning strict access credentials. ISO/IEC 27002 is a broad and complex standard used in health informatics IT security. It provides a list of accepted control objectives and best practice panels which can be used as an execution guidance when selecting and implementing controls for achieving information security.
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