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Have you ever sought out to change something for the superior but concluded with making it worse? Written by one of the most celebrated English authors and journalists in 1994, “Animal Farm” is one of George Orwell’s greatest satirical novels, where animals take over their farm. Orwell’s literature is committed to informing the flagrant truth about the contravention of human freedom and the unfairness against a common or certain person. Animal Farm is a very absorbing and compelling allegory about the Russian revolution which took place in 1917 and the communist government that followed. This novel, “Animal Farm”, examines the stealthy ways in which public officials can misuse their power as it portrays a society in which democracy dissolves into autocracy and lastly totalitarianism.
The animal farm is a classic specimen of how governments utilize, contradict, and repudiate citizens of their fundamental and rudimentary rights. This novel brilliantly highlights the blatant betrayal by leaders who swore change. The author’s target audience was the general public of the USSR population. They were the people whom he wanted to appraise and notify about the peril and reasoning results of communism/socialism throughout WWII. He wanted to clarify and inform the next young generation and youth that communism isn’t the foremost, premier way to manage a community and that how much it influences people’s lives. The author as well wanted to elucidate that even though Russia and the United Kingdom were on the self-same side in WWII, that does not give the definition of the USSR (Soviet Union) being good lads. George uses varying writing skills and procedures as well as simple styles of language to make the main point of view, much easier for the audience to understand. Orwell’s main purpose and message are to inform us that we people should be always alert of the decisions and movements our government’s making. Humans should question the government from a different point of view rather than sit back, obey and accept all of the administration’s orders. For example, in animal farm, the author used “pigs” as characters to reflect leaders and introduce certain regulations for the other animals to follow using the threat of violence. He used such an example to reflect the main point of how Russian rulers took full advantage of the laboring class. That portrays that we rather should stand up for our rights and spread our voices. George is as well trying to deliver the word to the working class, that they would be oppressed by the rest if they did not argue against them since he realized that humans took profit and dominance of animals the same way the rich society took advantage of the poor.
Retelling the story of the disclosure and evolution of Soviet communism in the configuration of an animal fable, Animal Farm allegorizes the rise to capability and power of the autocrat Joseph Stalin. In the novella, the overthrow of the human persecutor Mr. Jones by a democratic alliance and union of animals quickly gives way to the consolidation of power among the pigs. Much like the Soviet intelligentsia, the pigs initiate and build themselves as the ruling class in the new society. There are several themes in Animal Farm including, leadership and corruption, the danger of a naïve working class, dreams and hope, religion, and much more. Thus, the novel does not condemn tyranny, but alternatively shows the dreadful and appalling side of it. The novel not only displays and depicts the jeopardy of having a tyrannical ruler, but also the risks of a naïve working class which is a theme and one of the novella’s most magnificent and imposing achievements, that it is as well portrayal not just of the figures in power but also of the oppressed people themselves. The story is not told from the outlook of any specific persona, rather, it is told from the views of the common animals as one. Faithful, credulous, and diligent, these animals allow George Orwell to outline how circumstances of oppression arise not only from the motives and logistics of the oppressors but also from the naïveté of the oppressed, who are not automatically in a state to be better educated or enlightened. Animal Farm exhibits how the incapability or disinclination and reluctance to doubt authority, condemns the working class to undergo the full extent of the ruling class’s oppression. Another theme displayed in Orwell’s novel that hits a satiric note is the idea of religion being the ‘opium of the people’ (Famously noted by Karl max). Moses, the raven’s talk of Sugar Candy Mountain initially irritates several animals. That is because, the “teller of tales”, Moses himself, appears an undependable and untrustworthy source. However, at this point, the hopes of a better future in the animals are still high and growing and therefore they look over Moses’ tales of that paradise elsewhere until their lives worsen and that’s when they begin to believe him, as claimed by Orwell, because ‘Their lives now, they reasoned, were hungry and laborious; Was it not right and just that a better world should exist somewhere else?’. Right here, Orwell is mocking the fruitless dreaming of the “finer and superior place” that plainly doesn’t exist. The author implicates that religious loyalty or faithfulness viewed by lots as an aristocratic character attribute can actually twist how one thinks of their life on this earth.
There are several elements and portions in Orwell’s novel that qualify for this universality, profundity, and depth. This creation of literary work holds great significance due to the author’s digestible tone and the cunning use of language. For most of the novel, the tone is quite objective, expressing external and superficial facts and rarely deviating or diverging into philosophical contemplations. The mixture of this tone with the outrageous trajectory of the plot, however, steeps the story in an ever-mounting irony. The tone of Animal Farm is as well at some points one of dark sarcasm and satire. It uses a story of pigs governing fellow farm animals to describe and critique the perils of communist Stalinist Russia. The mood in Animal Farm differs repeatedly from the beginning of the novel to the end. At the start after the rebellion, the mood is very joyous, jolly, and aspiring. All of the animals have huge plans for the future. The expectancy is very bright. As the story goes on, in general, the situation gets worse and the mood isn’t as satisfactory and happy. The animals are betrayed by Napoleon, their leader. After the second windmill is demolished, the mood drops severely. At that point, the animals did lose hope but they still pushed on. The general mood for the reader in most of the novel is sad because they encounter the decline and deterioration of the animal farm. Towards the end, when all the animals perceive what has occurred to them and how their corrupted and perverted leader Napoleon fooled and deceived them, the mood is absolute misery. They wake up to finding how blind they had been this entire time and that now it is too late to change anything about it. The demise of the boxer dribbled the mood substantially. He rose as a figure that proffered hope during the gloomy times. At the very first, the mood is very good and optimistic but by the end of the novel, the mood falls to such a low level.
Up next, the language Orwell uses in Animal Farm is simple, comprehensible, and penetrable. Illustrations and dialogue are kept to a minimum and George avoids sentimentalism, even the most tragic and traumatic segments of the text are very absolute in phraseology. He focuses on telling the story, allowing the reader to permit the lessons he wants us to learn. Through the pigs, the author shows how oratory or eloquence can be a powerful instrument of manipulation. For example, he uses persuading questions such as, “Now, comrades, what is the nature of this life of ours?”, to make the other animals question their spot or situation on the farm. This rhetorical device is used to hearten or persuade the animals to rebel. The use of language is a powerful tool, which can be used to sway people to conduct change, no matter if it is big or small, and that is a chief point stressed in the novel. If the personalities in a tale inform us who, the plot tells us what and the themes tell us f why then the style shows us in what way were all these elements mended together to compose the text. The story may be notified effortlessly but don’t be hoaxed by its evident clarity. Animal Farm has a distinctly outlined style that is pivotal to the author’s purpose. Orwell’s use of wording helps to project a circular structure to the novel by introducing correspondence in his chronicle. The simplicity of the story’s style does not lend itself to an abundance of imagery, which means that it is all the more effective when Orwell introduces imagery. An example of this is the beginning of Chapter 6, “All that year the animals worked like slaves.” This is a common image, but it is a powerful ironic comment in this novel. In fact, animals are not like slaves, they are slaves, even if they don’t know. The whole novel is, of course, rich in symbolism, but it can sometimes be useful to consider some symbols that are also powerful images, such as the flag. Flags are signifiers of patriotism or allegiance to a geographical region, an organization, or a particular optimal, and then they also later become the ultimate control of pigs when the hoof and horn are eliminated and it becomes a plain green flag. Another exemplary is the whip used to connote Jones ‘ callous animal oppression. The disintegration of the whips at the birth of the Animal Farm is a triumphant moment for the animals, “All the animals capered with joy when they saw the whips going up in flames”, but again Clover is terrified at the end of the novel when she sees Napoleon strolling on his hind legs with a whip in his trotter.
In addition, Orwell uses foreshadowing methods to create a circular framework. He provides the reader with pointers on what is going to be happening later in the story. The Animal Farm’s plot composition follows a basic, chronological order pattern that portrays animal rebellion occurrences and changes in the social order. The first chapters deal with the rising action when the animals rebel and confiscate the farm, when Snowball and Napoleon battle for leadership, when Snowball is expelled, and when Napoleon sets himself up as the autocratic leader of the farm. The climax is attained when he proclaims Animal Farm to be a republic and nominates himself as President. The real reign of terror then starts and degenerates into a replication of a human being in the falling action. The irony of the novel is that by the end, with the animals in control, situations are precisely the same as at the beginning when individuals are in control.
To conclude, George Orwell manages to illustrate that the largest political issue is not capitalism, but authoritarian regulations. Whether socialism authoritarianism is inevitable under capitalism is due to the unquenchable nature of man. It explicitly depicts ‘class struggles and exploitation in human civilization.’ Animal Farm is a rare example of brilliant work and Orwell’s most popular and successful lasting work. The author depicted the Soviet Union during the Stalin era and the negative effects of socialism on life and society. His use of historical events to support the significance of the story only reaffirms his message. Animal Farm has been construed from a feminist, Marxist, political and psychological viewpoint and is viewed as a relevant and important novel in the post – WWII literary canon.