“Organic architecture seeks superior sense of use and a finer sense of comfort, expressed in organic simplicity” (Frank Lloyd Wright, 1953). According to Wright, “organic” means an understanding of nature’s standards manifested in structures that were in accordance with their general surroundings. Wright held that a building should be a result of its place and time, personally connected with a specific moment and site – never an aftereffect of a forced style. This theory often integrates natural elements such as plants, water and light into its design.
Some of the main principles of this philosophy involved are:
- Shelter: Structures must serve to protect the users’ safety and security.
- Space: The interior of a building is as much a piece of its stylistic layout and aesthetic as the furnishings. Spaces should flow naturally with one region then onto the next without impressive partition, yet no room or space ought to be completely visible from any angle. The utilization of anteroom and different components will make a consistent feeling of discovery as one travels through the space. Thus, choosing one dominant frame for a structure and incorporating that form throughout.
- Language: Wright saw the types and patterns of a building's design as components of grammar in the building's language. At point when assembled, the design speaks, however, every development must have its own unique voice.
- Ornamentation: On the off chance that ornamentation is to be utilized on a building, it must not appear as though it was an enlivening idea in retrospect. Rather, it must be an essential piece of the structure, seamlessly joining with the general form.
- Peacefulness: The design ought to abstain from the jolting contrasts with the landscape while giving the users a sense of transparency and openness free of mess and offering a sense of serenity.
- Simplicity: Designs must be distinct and clear with a even scheme.
- Nature: Inspiration ought to be drawn from the common environment, not an imitation of them, but rather as guides for choosing materials, surfaces, and hues.
- Mechanical components and furniture: At whatever point conceivable, furniture ought to be a worked in part of the space with a specific end goal to incorporate the unity of design. Mechanical components, similar to light fixtures, machines, furnaces, and plumbing ought to be considered as a major aspect of the space itself, not overly obvious, but rather not an incoherent or concealed angle.
A planner and architect David Pearson also proposed a rundown of guidelines towards the design of organic architecture. These guidelines are known as the Gaia Charter for organic architecture and design. Some of them are as follows:
- Be inspired by nature and be economical, sustainable, preserving, and diverse.
- Unfold, like an organism form the seed within.
- Exist in the “unceasing present” and start again and
- Follow the movement and be adaptable and versatile.
- “Grow out of the site” and be special.
There are contemporary manifestations of organic architecture. The meaning of 'organic' has significantly changed amid late circumstances. Staying away from materials of development which requires more epitomized vitality to assemble and manage it, when the structure combines normally and sits unifiedly to its environment, reflecting cultural permanency, it is 'organic' and is idealistic.