The Proclamation of Emancipation, issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, declared “that all persons detained as slaves” within the rebel states “are and from now on shall be free.” Lincoln did not like slavery, but his main priority was always to preserve the Union. He did not want to emancipate the slaves until he had all the power he needed and the right moment. It was when the Civil War began to intensify in the summer of 1862 when Lincoln decided in favor of the proclamation. The issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation a few months later freed all the slaves in the South. However, most of them lived far from the Union troops, who were enforcing the proclamation. As a result, millions of African-Americans were still enslaved. On the other hand, African-Americans who were free deprived the Confederation of labor and provided the Union with soldiers. Being black, they were given harder jobs in the Army, and they were paid less for their efforts. Although they still received less treatment than white men in their jobs, it was worth being free.
The president Abraham Lincoln wanted to preserve the Union rather than the removal of slavery while the Civil War began in 1861. Abraham Lincoln started The Emancipation Proclamation on January, 1863, and saying all slaves in the rebellious states “shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” The Emancipation Proclamation was a big turning point for the war, transforming the fight to save the nation into a battle for human freedom.
The Emancipation Proclamation changed the main goal of the Civil War. While slavery had been a major issue, Lincoln had only mission at the start of the war and it was to maintain the Union.
The Emancipation Proclamation made the slaves to serve in the Union Army. This decision to tell the slaves from the Sought that they were free and to make them to join in the fight against their masters was a brilliant strategy. Ultimately with those permissions, many freed slaves joined the Northern Army. The North had over 200,000 African-Americans fighting for them.
The United Kingdom did not support slavery at this time and because of that they did not get involved in the Civil War. Another foreign country that stayed neutral was France but they actually did support slavery and the best thing for them was to stay out of the Civil War. Both UK and France wanted to get into the war to support the Sought but because of the victory of the Union at Antietam on September 1862 and the Proclamation they decided to stay neutral. The North had to win the war for emancipation to become effective, but until the war’s end in April 1865, the U.S. no longer had to worry about English or European intervention.
Although the Emancipation Proclamation did not immediately free a single slave, it captured the hearts and imagination of millions of African Americans, and fundamentally transformed the character of the war from a war for restoring the Union into a war for freedom. Moreover, the proclamation announced the acceptance of black men into the Union army and navy, enabling the liberated to become liberators. By the end of the war, almost 200,000 black soldiers and sailors had fought for the Union and freedom.
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