There are a few powerhouses when looking at world economies China and the United States of America being just two of them. As most people know, the United States and China differ greatly. The two have seemingly different cultures and styles of government. On top of that, the USA imports goods from China. China on the other hand export and import goods to the USA. It is time to observe the differences between the two countries, how their cultures have changed over time and the relationship between the two shares together.
The United States of America and China have a complex history with a lot of information that is crucial to understanding how the two work together. The United States, for example, was established in 1776 on July 4th and became its own country. Whereas China has existed a lot longer than the United States of America. According to Britannica, ‘ With more than 4,000 years of recorded history, ‘China is one of the few existing countries that also flourished economically and culturally in the earliest stages of World Civilization’ (Cho-Yun Hsu et al. 1). As one can see, China as a country has lasted for over 4,000 years.
China has roughly been a country at least 3,756 years longer than the United States of America. With that being said, one must assume China is a more economically and technologically advanced country. China and the USA have many differences that range from the style of government and even holidays. For example, China has, ’33 administrative units directly under the central these consist of 22 provinces, 5 regions, for multiple autonomous regions, 4 municipalities [Chobgqibg, Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin], and 2 special administrative regions [Hong Kong and Macau]”.
To better understand what a central government is, Merriam Webster defines it as, “ The body of persons that constitutes the governing authority of a political unit or organization such as the officials comprising the government body of a political union and constituting the organization of an active agency.’ Essentially, China breaks its regions into smaller places that are equivalent to a state in the USA. America on the other is a federal government that has multiple branches of government including the Executive branch which the president is the head of. Next would be the Legislative Branch that is run by the house and the senate. The final part of the government would be the Judiciary Branch.
Now would be a good time to look at the freedoms the two countries allow their people to have. The United States of America is an interesting country that has many articles that protect its people from the government. As stated by the American Civil Liberties Union, “The Constitution was remarkable, but deeply flawed. For one thing, it did not include a specific declaration – or bill – of individual rights.” Due to all the flaws the founding fathers created the Bill of rights. The Bill of Rights was revolutionary, as it protected the rights of people. A few of those rights included, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, press, petition, and assembly.
Finally, privacy, due process of law, and finally equality before the law (American Civil Liberties Union). Freedom of religion is a very important part of the United States. It allows people to practice any religion they want to. For example, one could practice Christianity and talk about it without being imprisoned or even killed. If a person doesn’t want to practice a religion they do not have to. No one in the government is forcing them to practice a certain religion if they do not agree with it. Freedom is speech is also revolutionary as people can speak their minds without being put in jail. It allows citizens to inform their government if they are unhappy or do not agree with what is going on. Due process of law is, “the right to be treated fairly by the government whenever the loss of liberty or property is at stake” (American Civil Liberties Union). Essentially, whoever goes to court gets a fair case without being unrepresented.
China, on the other hand, claims to protect its citizens’ right to freedom of religion and speech, but that appears not to be the case. For example, “Pastor Wang Yi was just sentenced to 9 years in prison for proclaiming the gospel” (Ian Johnson, Paul Mozer). Why does the Chinese government claim to support those freedoms, when Pastor Wang Yi was sentenced nine years in prison for preaching the Gospel. One must assume that these freedoms are not represented. “That same year it enacted new regulations on religious life. In both cases, groups were ordered to register with the government and cut all foreign ties” (Ian Johnson, Paul Mozer).
As stated above, the Chinese government changed laws regarding ́ ‘religious freedom’. One must also ask why would people be ordered to register with the government and ‘cut foriegn ties’? A simple explanation would be that religious freedom is not apparent at all. When taking a deeper look at the new regulations in China one can see that regulations are getting stricter. Recently in a New York Times article Ian Johnson had this to say about the new regulations, “Theology students who go overseas could be monitored more closely” (Ian Johnson).
This does not sound like a country that allows for religious freedom. The Chinese government should not be observing those closely that choose to study theology. “The regulations follow the enactment of a law on nongovernmental organizations that increased financial scrutiny of civil society groups and restricted their contact with foreign organizations in a similar way, as well as an aggressive campaign to limit the visibility of churches by tearing down crosses in one eastern province where Christianity has a wide following” (Ian Johnson). Not only is the Chinese government cracking down on people who wish to practice other religions, but they are making it harder for people financially.
They are also limiting contact with organizations that wish to help these people. A government should never limit their people to worship freely. According to Ian Johnson, “Religion has blossomed in China despite the Communist Party’s efforts to control and sometimes suppress it, with hundreds of millions embracing the nation’s major faiths — Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and Taoism — over the past few decades. But many Chinese worship outside the government’s official churches, mosques and temples, in unauthorized congregations that the party worries could challenge its authority” (Ian Johnson). Even though the Chinese government is trying to suppress religion Chinese people still choose to go against the government. The Chinese government should not be afraid of losing its power but rather worried about uprisings.
Another aspect to look at when comparing the United States of America and China is the limitations on the internet. In America, there is a thing called the FCC also known as Federal Communication Commissions. The Federal Communication Commission regulates communications by radio, tv, satellite, and cable. “ Its standards and regulations apply only to the technical aspects, including frequency and equipment, of communication systems, not broadcast content, apart from certain rules covering obscenity and slander’ (Editors of Encyclopaedia). With that being said, the FCC only has restrictions on the technical parts of communication. It does however sometimes stop information that is slander.
Overall, it was designed to protect American citizens from being silenced by the government. Along with that, American citizens can view whatever they want on the internet or even cable. China on the other hand has many restrictions that forbid internet access, tv and cable. For instance, Chinese President Xi Jingping has recently added new laws that crack down on virtual communication. The Chinese government is cracking down on people with VPN’s. A VPN is known as a virtual private network. A VPN allows an internet user to get to websites that have been blocked. New rules are in place that require online news websites to be looked closely by the government editorial staff. People who work for those online news websites have to have credentials from the central government.
As one can see, the Chinese government is extremely restrictive.They do not allow their people to surf the internet freely or even bypass the restrictions. The government also hand picks journalists. By doing this, people who may have a negative view on the government can be easily silenced. People are no longer able to have an opinion and express it. Lokman Tsui, an assistant professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong said this in an interview, “The moves from the Chinese government keep surprising me (in not a good way) in terms of what else they can regulate, control and censor. Let’s also not forget that they push propaganda and misinformation actively.” It’s interesting to note that an assistant professor would say that about the Chinese government. Along with that, the government promotes propaganda. If a government is promoting propaganda and misinformation they must be hiding information that would be important for people to uprise.