Society today is inevitably influenced by the advancements in technology emerging minute after minute. This growth managed to make people hasten their paces to keep up with the change. However, this version of society did not happen to spring from a pit out of nowhere. It did not shoot out the ground like a mushroom and grew so high into a parasol to shadow the people underneath. It is, like any other existence, a product of time and process.
Prior to the constitution of societies, however, there is a particular grey area in its timeline that served as a catalyst to its beginning. To be able to see and fully understand society from its creation up to all the structures within it, one must first comprehend the nature of man—a period at which humans were free from any social contract (DeMichele, 2016). It is an idea subjecting humans into a condition before or without political associations (Munro). The acknowledgement of the state of nature of man can draw conclusions as to how societies began. Man before societies transpired is tantamount to individual beings living solely; detached from any aggregation of humans.
Therefore, just as how as how the instinct of any animal is designed, man would view others as a competition. Without the different structures comprising a society, particularly a government, humans are not encompassed by laws or set of rules to impart order. The state of the nature of man can therefore be a relentless competition ceaselessly transpiring between a man and another. But seeing the failure to prosper in the unending completion, man decided to organize themselves into order. This is comparable to Hobbes notion that the state of nature was a war of all-against-all (DeMichele, 2016).
According to him, man was in perpetual conflict with his neighbors. To protect himself against the evil consequences, man organized himself in society in order to live in peace with all (Shah).
Hence, society began as way to compromise with the hostility dominating each being. This society is led by a Leviathan—a mythological monster terrorizing seafarers; in Hobbes context, tantamount to government. Leviathan argues that civil peace and social unity are best achieved by the establishment of a commonwealth through social contract (Hobbes). Leviathan emerged as a survival and convenience approach of man. Based on the discussions in Understanding Culture, Society and Politics it was said that the ability of people to discover new ways of doing things often leads to the transformation of society. There are numerous events in history that led to the evolution of societies. During the primitive age, the cosmocentric notion of humans was countered by their need to survive. This is evident in the pre-industrial society where humans rely on hunting and gathering for survival. Upon the first contact of humans with animals, people began to learn to domesticate animals. Later on, because of environmental changes, population growth and an increase in cultural information, humans began investing in small-scale planting.
Production was done through digging stick to cultivate small gardens. Upon the discovery of plough, utilization of lands and invention of an irrigation system, agriculture ultimately emerged. Eventually, people produced more than their own society needed which steered trading with the other cultures. As result, money became a medium of exchange. During these ages in the medieval period, theocentrism became prominently manifested but due to spiritual apprehensions, human began gaining scholastic aptitude and knowledge on their surroundings, hence, Renaissance emerged. Industrial revolution marked the physical exhibition of the explosion of ideas that occurred during the Renaissance. This marked the transition of an agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods. Manpower then thrived due to progress in technology during the post-industrial age. This period served as the time when economy does not rely on industry & manufacturing anymore but instead on the offering of services. This later on evolved into the domination of consumer goods and media images along with cross-cultural integration inside the postmodern society of today.
The numerous sociocultural evolutions that occurred in history entail that as society changes, so does the people inside it. This change is often promulgated by a response to an erroneous piece in the system. Hence, societal evolutions happen as solutions to a problem arise. This cycle continuously revolve until Utopia or the ideal society is grasped to manifestation. Looking at this age, an ideal society from my personal standpoint is a society that is free from the undying social ills. Utopia, for me, is a society that freely accepts the unorthodox such as the LGBTQA+ community. It is a society that is not entrapped inside the status quo nor allows discrimination to perpetuate. It is a society without corruption and poverty; a society that is not motivated by selfish intuitions; a society that promotes the disintegration of disputes and war. If we would consider the course of societal history, beginning from the state of nature, this particular type of order can only be attained if a good and righteous form of government is established.
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