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Essays on Pro Choice (Abortion)

Essay Examples
Essay Topics
Brief overview
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Main Ideas

Pro-choice movements and proponents advocate for legal access to abortion services and elective abortion. Pro-choice attempts to establish the right for women to decide if they want to have an abortion without social backlash or legal repercussions. The issue is very divisive around the world, making this one of the biggest debates in our century.

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Origin

Abortions exist since 1550 BCE based on some documents and findings. It was an active practice in the Egyptian medicine, too.

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Cause

The idea of making it legal came not so long ago. In the late 19th century, the idea to make this legal was opposed by feminists that believed this is a way to relieve men of responsibility. Between 1900 and 1965, there weren’t any movements or rallies against abortion because most states around the world have passed laws banning it at all levels. The only way a woman could get an abortion was if a physician determined this would protect her life. It was in the 1960s that some states started changing the abortion law, and people started rallies and protests to make this a woman’s right.

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Outcome

Even today, after so many protests on behalf of the supporters of the idea, many countries haven’t made abortion a legal choice. The pro-life supporters stress the humanity of the fetus, arguing that this is a human person that deserves legal protection. This has become a legal and political issue in many countries. Abortion laws vary greatly between jurisdictions, ranging from public abortion funding to outright prohibition.

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Key Quotes
  • No woman can call herself free who does not control her own body. - Margaret Sanger
  • Seventy-seven percent of anti-abortion leaders are men. 100% of them will never be pregnant. - Planned Parenthood advertisement
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Interesting Facts
  • The movement toward liberalizing the abortion law started between the 1920s and the 1930. It all started in context of the victories won in the area of birth control. In the US, Marie Stopes and in the UK, Margaret Sanger succeeded in bringing this issue out in the open.
  • Russia was the first country in the world to permit illegal abortion under Lenin.
  • Continents have diverse laws for different nations and states. South Africa, for example, allows abortion on demand under their Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act. However, most African nations ban this altogether except in cases where the health of the woman is at risk.
  • In Asia, there’s an estimated 4.6 million women that are treated from complications due to unsafe abortions. Since the Asia Safe Abortion Partnership program was created, 27% of pregnancies in the country end in abortions.
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Arguments for

Supporters of abortion rights believe that these services should be available at selected periods in the pregnancy. They argue that, at this point, abortion does not equal ending a life since the embryo is not classified as a living thing and still cannot survive on its own. On top of this, supporters argue that women that decide to have an abortion and are not legally allowed to often opt to unsafe methods of terminating their pregnancy. Making it legal would offer them a safe solution.

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Arguments against

While some people are pro-choice, others are anti-abortion. According to the opponents of elective abortion, this equals murder and no one has the right to terminate a life, even if it is still considered an embryo

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