Racial Prejudice: the Civil Rights Act and Jim Crow Laws

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Numerous individuals do not appear to understand the value of the Civil Rights Act and the foundation on how the bill affect their lives. My plan is to provide the importance in how the establishment began. This led to the movement behind the civil rights of individuals who contributed to ending segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination due to color, race, religion, sex or national origin. There were many important people who played an important role in the rights of African Americans in America. In addition, some of these individuals suffered deaths becoming the focus in government rights as well as civil rights protests that changed for how we are viewed today. The Civil Rights Act contributed to a major change in America opening new doors for equality and freedom for African Americans within the United States.

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The Civil Rights Act contributed to a major change in America bringing moderation to opening new doors for equality, providing regulation laws on the rights of citizens, and forming the road to freedom for African Americans; thus, evolving into Equal Opportunity in fighting off barriers for the black community (Fauntroy, n.d). In the year of 1945, Truman, who was president at the time, created an official order of execution to end segregation within the military. Followed by this execution was the Brown v. Board of education, which resulted from Linda Brown’s father trying to enroll her into a white only school causing her to be denied due to her skin color (Fauntroy, n.d).

After the denial, it was brought to the Association for Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) as a challenge. In May of 1954, segregation for a few public schools were ended with some still remaining segregated (Fauntroy, n.d). Between the years of 1955 and 1956, the Montgomery Bus Boycott occurred as a result of Rosa Parks, who refused to give her seat up to a white man after paying for the same bus service he did. She stated she was there first and believed that she deserved the same treatment as everyone else (Fauntroy, n.d).. This caused months of protesting until the Supreme Court finalized an informative decision that it was of unconstitutional act. Eventually, knowledgeable leaders like John F. Kennedy, Dwight Eisenhower, Lyndon Johnson, Theodore Roosevelt, and even Harriet S. Truman rose through civil rights movements starting protests and encouraging brothers and sisters to come together for equality (Fauntroy, n.d). Another of these leaders is Martin Luther King Jr. His protests seemed to always be dominant and over-controlled. In fact, one of his protests were deemed too severe that it landed him in jail for a total of 6 days (Fauntroy, n.d). Martin Luther King Jr. quoted in his speech that he had a dream where there would be civil and economical rights leading up to laws and the creation of Acts that would end racism in America (Fauntroy, n.d).

The Civil Rights Act is a law in which laws cannot enforce or regulate themselves. Laws must be enforced by the executive branch. Lyndon Johnson signed an executive order giving attorney general authority over coordinating different government and administrative agencies federal wise the ability to enforce it (Constitutional Rights Foundation, 2019). This was due to the many residents or individuals who were against equality showing violence or negative crime measures for what they believed in. After a serious attack on African Americans broke out, Johnson voiced a public speech on TV before it could get thrown out by Congress (Constitutional Rights Foundation, 2019). Television in 1955 paved a way for Americans to visualize what was happening within the United States. It gave a lot of coverage behind the scenes of what the Civil Rights Movement represented. Events occurred causing television sets to jump from 56% to 92% including the 1957 angry white mobs who segregated against African American students as well as the 1965 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. mass of black protestors who marched across the bridge in Selma, Alabama (Constitutional Rights Foundation, 2019).

During the Montgomery March in 1965, there were over 600 people involved in the walk across the bridge protesting black voter suppression (Willey, E, 2015). These individuals received brutal attacks from officers as well as stops to end the march; however, due to their success in fighting back, the court provided them with the right to march which resulted in two additional marches to reach the Montgomery area (Willey, E, 2015). One icon who made the movement of the Civil Rights Act a success is Emmett Louis Till. Emmett Till was a 14 year old African American who was sentenced to death for being accused of offending a white woman inside her store. It was disputed that Till did not whistle or flirt with Carolyn Bryant; however, his testimony was never heard by the courts or jury as it was ruled not acceptable (Willey, E, 2015). Before the case was defined on Emmett Till being found guilty or not, he was abducted by Bryant’s husband and half-brother, who took Emmett to beat him severely and shoot him in the head to be found several days later mutilated. What was accused of Till was against regulations under the Jim Crow segregation laws (Willey, E, 2015).

Jim Crow Laws were related to racial systems within the South based solely for the colors of blacks and whites. These specific laws did not allow for blacks and whites to ride in the same vehicle together, sit with one another in the same room, theatre, class in school, or restaurant (National Archives, n.d). The Civil Rights Act of 1964 contained protocols that dismantled the Jim Crow segregation by fighting off racial discrimination and removed barriers to the black community for Voting Rights Act of 1965 by banning poll taxing, literacy tests, and other measures (National Archives, n.d). In August of 1965, President Johnson signed into effect, the voting rights that gave investigators and conductors the ability to review and monitor voter requirements and determine the locations of the poll places for voting from all kind (National Archives, n.d).

Things seemed to fall into place in addition to the Voting Rights Act following the Civil Rights Act. With the Voting Rights in determining who goes into office, Thurgood Marshall is elected to serve as the Associate Justice within the Supreme Court as the first African American to do so (National Archives, n.d). Johnson believed electing Marshall into the Supreme Court was the right thing as he nominated as a legal philosophy what knowing what the right decision was and he was always strong in his work for supporting rights of others for an equal outcome (National Archives, n.d). Marshall served in compiling together informative knowledge for dealing with judicial outcomes in the protection of rights of individuals including suspects who committed crimes that were illegal. Marshall built hope in sacrifices and risks, which set the foundation for what he believed was wrong in original documentation. He researched and stepped out of unfulfilled promises by creating a new living document that would include the Bill of Rights as well as other amendments for making sure that all individuals would live out the rest of their lives through freedom, equality, and rightfulness.


In closing, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was established and signed by President Lyndon Johnson, which resulted in outdated and banning of discrimination (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, n.d.). It became a public renunciation and a major enforcement to ensure that all the rights of every person would be protected and equal. This ended segregation in public places and even schools. The Civil Rights Act created equality and paved the way for bringing all Americans as one, including the elderly and woman who bare children under it’s wings (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, n.d.). This act has also created in the long run, two additional laws including the Voting Rights Act, which put a stop to literal measures for discrimination in voting practices as well Fair Housing Act, which also stopped the discrimination in either renting out, buying, or financing property of any kind (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, n.d.). Both the Civil Rights Act as well as the Voting Rights Act set the foundation for many additional acts to be established making a major impact on the differences that blacks in America experience today. Still today, the fight for equality spread throughout the world for equality, freedom, and peace.

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