Reconstruction Era of The United States Essay Examples and Topics

Essay Examples
Essay Topics
Brief overview

1865 - 1877



Main Information

Right after the Civil War, the U.S. government made an effort to reintegrate the Southern state into the USA. Throughout this period, politicians focused on redressing the inequities of slavery. From today’s perspective the Reconstruction is seen as an actionable experiment in interracial democracy. New laws were passed, and constitutional amendments changed the entire American society.


The purpose of this reform was to transform the entire Southern society, which was based on slave-labor economy. Thousands of people from the Northern states moved to the South as teachers and missionaries, as well as politicians and businessmen. Their goal was to move the economic and social progress forward.

Major Characters
  • President Abraham Lincoln
  • President Ulysses S. Grant
  • President Andrew Johnson
Major Achievements

For the first time in American history, the Reconstruction Act of 1867 granted a voice in government to Black people. The Ku Klux Klan and other reactionary forces managed to reverse the changes and restore white supremacy in the South in less than a decade.

Why Is This Topic Important?

This era set the foundation for a new dominating mindset in the USA. It emphasized the differences between economic and political democracy, and it transformed the relationship between the federal government and the state governments.

Arguments For

The Reconstruction era is responsible for a more equitable legislation in taxation, public transport, and economic development programs. The first state-funded public school systems were developed in the South.

Arguments Against

The federal government failed to protect the freed blacks from the Ku Klux Klan. Former slaves were brutally treated by Union soldiers.

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