Do you know what the definition of religion is? Religion is a worldview with supernatural elements. If you don't know what worldview means, worldview is composed of ethics, metaphysics, and epistemology. The word 'ethics' originates from the Greek word 'ethos', which means 'character, spirit, and attitude of a group of people or culture' (Loeb 1971)
The Islamic worldview is based in Allah (God), Mohammad (the ultimate and final prophet of Allah), and the Quran is the Word of Allah delivered through Mohammad. Aristotle explained that ethics is what makes something right or wrong, good or bad. Islamic moral system stems from its primary creed of belief in One God as the Creator. Islam teaches that actions are good not because they derive from God's character, but because God chooses to call them good, in the other hand, Aristotle believes that ethics is a proper appreciation of how such goods as friendship, pleasure, virtue, honor and wealth fit together as a whole.
As I said before Aristotle defines ethics is the study of what makes something right or wrong. Aristotle divided ethics into different categories. The first category is dentolegal ethics is an ethical system based on duty and moral which means right actions, secondly is going to be teleological ethics is rightness of an action is determined solely by the number of good consequences they produce.
Ethics of god in Islam In Islam whatever leads to the welfare of the individual or the society in the religion is morally good in Islam and whatever is harmful is morally bad. Ethics in Islam tells us to respect and love other people as we love ourselves 'Not one of you is a believer until he desires for his brother what he desires for himself' (40 Hadith of an-Nawawi 13, Islam.
Islam ethics are law in the eyes of who practice, they are not to be seen controls or prohibitions but as ways to increases social order and happiness thought it may seem strict, but Muslims believe its law from ALLAH so they have obeyed everything ALLAH told them to do, and they also believe that Mohammed was the perfect human being who displayed all ethics and morals.
From an Islamic perspective, the purpose of human life is to worship God, and obey all his rules.
“When viewing Islamic ethics, Muslims see Muhammad as the exemplary human being, the one all people should seek to imitate. Along with more general virtues, the Five Pillars of Practice form a core of Islamic ethics. In addition to many motivations or ethical behavior.
Unlike the commonly held belief that men are evil by nature, Islam holds that man is born with morally good nature that responds to faith and ethical values, for man believed to be ethical in Islam, there are two conditions which must be fulfilled , his intentions must be good, and his action must be according to what ALLAH has instructed.
Aristotle Ethics Aristotle defines ethics is the study of what makes something right or wrong. Imagine a person who always knows what to say, can diffuse a tense situation deliver tough news gracefully, is confident without being arrogant, brave but not reckless generous but never extravagance, the principles of ethics are often discussed concerning gains and benefits to society at large
Aristotle says that the virtuous person 'sees the truth in each case, being as it were a standard and measure of the' Aristotle thinks of the good person as someone good at deliberation, and he describes deliberation as a process of rational inquiry. The intermediate point that the good person tries to find is 'determined by logos ('reason,' 'account') and in the way that the person of practical reason would determine it'. Virtue is defined as the mean between the vice of excess and the vice of deficiency – too much of a character is as bad as too little. Virtue also called The Golden Mean when a person chooses the right action at the right time that does not lead to harm to other people. Something that in the middle.
Islamic and Aristotle's ethics are similar in many ways, Both Aristotelians and Muslims would agree that to truly be happy, one must help others and help themselves by using his or her skills to their full potential. Islamic teaching that no matter the situation, the value of each human life cannot decrease or increase. As much as they are similar in many ways, they are different in other ways, however, death, is one issue that Aristotle and Muslim beliefs seem to differ. While Muslims believe in life after death and that the ultimate happiness will come with the release of death, Aristotle seemed to question the idea of life, particularly happiness after death.
In conclusion Muslims management ethics as those guidelines and principles that are set by the Holy Qur'an and sunnah. when viewing Islamic ethics, Muslims see Muhammad as an exemplary human being, the one all people should seek to imitate. Along with more general virtue, the five pillars of practice form a core of Islamic ethics to many motivations for ethical behavior anticipation of final judgment is the strongest. In addition morality in Islam tell us every aspect of a Muslim's life, from greetings to eating how to talk to people how to act, how to pray, how to interact with other people, Islam taught Muslims everything about life, Muslims have strict rules they can't break them or god will bunch them after they death, however Aristotle believes that ethics and moral virtue are disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices . Imagine a person who always knows what to say, can diffuse a tense situation deliver tough news gracefully, is confident without being arrogant, brave but not reckless generous but never an extravagance.
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