Schizophrenia is a chronic illness that affects the prognosis of the disease, treatment, language, planning, and emotion. This disorder is usually seen in people around their twenties. It can also be seen in younger age groups as well but is either misdiagnosed for something else or undiagnosed at all. Schizophrenia is one of the most very severe mental illnesses. This disorder basically stops people from living their normal everyday lives. This disease is hereditary meaning it can run in families which is scary because this disease is so severe. When close relatives have Schizophrenia the children or other family members are more susceptible to have this disease versus a family where a great aunt had it basically a farther generation. The percentage is kind of small but usually somewhere around 1% of a population will develop this severe mental illness in a lifetime. Usually practitioners with an estimate of 2000 patients or more will deal with 4 out of the 20 schizophrenic patients and on another note they will see new patients on an average of 2-3 years. Percentages are higher in big cities because of the cost of everyday life and stressors. This disease is also the fourth leading cause of disability in adults. The diagnosis of this disease is very difficult because it is diagnosed by symptoms rather than numerous physical tests. When diagnosing there are two or more of the following symptoms which are positive and include disorganized speech, behavior, and negative symptoms. The prognosis usually involves one mental episode then the patient reverts back to their normal self well almost normal.
Not too many people have a relapse probably about ⅓ have a relapse but still enjoy the good qualities of life while going through difficulties. Another ⅓ have a bad prognosis, where the disease is chronic and it basically disables them and requires a boat load of hospital visits and long term care along with financial help. During this last phase of the prognosis approximately 10-15% do commit suicide because they feel like they cannot go on in an altered state of mind. A hefty amount of people can comply with treatment. When dealing with their first episode many find it hard to believe in the level of psychological, emotional, and social and employment function that others expect, people with Schizophrenia see this as a grave task.
This disease is best kept under control by the use of drugs such as antipsychotics and anti-tremor medicines. The medicines usually help with preventing episodes and basically help them live an almost normal life. When patients are started on these drugs some see in improvement in as little time as three weeks. The antipsychotics and anti-tremor medicines help to reduce the hallucinations, agitation, confusion, and delusions of an episode. The “Neuropletic” was an antipsychotic medicine first used in the 1950s. There is no known cure for Schizophrenia, although we have drugs that can be successful in some cases for patients but not so much in other patients. Some patients end up in a long term care mental facility. The negative cognitive impairment of Schizophrenia are extremely difficult to treat and are not too responsive to antipsychotic medicinal treatment. When dealing with this type of Schizophrenia acute treatment and higher doses are usually required and has the patients feeling like a zombie. A lapse is more likely to happen when antipsychotics are taken improperly. Estimated at about 50% of people who are prescribed antipsychotics do not take medicine as prescribed because they hate the side effects.
When dealing with this disease your mind is in an impaired state causing you to shy away from things that you have to put a lot of effort and thinking into such as work training or a long-term relationship. They shy away from activities with peers they really just want to be alone. They lack many life skills such as social and work skills because they choose to be alone. Social treatment is usually helpful so they can relearn these skills and know why they have these feelings and help improve on the understanding of their disease. Family therapy is also a great way to help if a family member has Schizophrenia going to family counseling can help the family better understand the disease and learn how to cope when a family member is to have one of their episodes.
Schizophrenia is an acute disease and also is one of the most severe mental illnesses. This disease is often swept under the rug during adolescent years or often misdiagnosed. Schizophrenia is often treated with medications such as antipsychotics and anti-tremors to reduce the risks of having episodes. Another helpful resource is therapy psychosocial and family so everyone could get a better understanding of what is going on and how to cope when their loved ones are going through an episode. It is important to reassure Schizophrenic patients that you are there to help because they tend to want to be alone and shy away from social encounters. Schizophrenia is a very serious disease with no known treatment but with the help of medicines, hospitals and therapy they can almost live a normal life.
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