Similarities and Differences of Ancient Civilizations: Mesopotamia, Egypt and Maya

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Many early civilizations shared many similarities in the early periods of human history. Out of the civilizations that we had learned about in the first half of the semester, China and Mesopotamia come to mind since they had shared many similarities with one another. China started 4,000 years prior. They had the incredible scholar Confucius that lead to the perspective of Confucianism. The Chinese additionally established the silk road. Mesopotamia was in present day Iraq. Every city had their own administration called a city-state. Here are the similarities between human advancements. The two of them began by a waterway. This was very important since both civilizations had settled in a desert region which means little to no water. Through this, they had created irrigation systems which was massively impactful on both civilizations farming and agricultural prowess. Additionally, the two of them had early composition. At long last, the two human advancements made extraordinary creations. Both of the civic establishments prospered for quite a while. They had numerous extraordinary accomplishments and achievements. They transcend over all the rest. Where they differ comes mostly from how they traded within their own civilizations. China used the silk road as their main trading route to transfer goods while the Mesopotamians used various trading routes. Both civilizations methods of trading proved successful since this was how both of them were able to transport goods such as crops and other important items that would help each civilization expand and influence the rest of their regions.

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Moving on to other civilizations, we learn that ancient Egypt (located in Africa) were a very different type of ancient civilization to that of China and Mesopotamia. Egypt created around the Nile River, while Mesopotamia created between the Tigris and Euphrates streams. Egypt and Mesopotamia developed into complex human advancements. Politically, both Egypt and Mesopotamia had an administration with one principle ruler, however Egypt had brought together government with a pharaoh, while Mesopotamia had a decentralized government with a lord. Socially, the two human advancements were man centric, however Egypt was increasingly permissive towards females while Mesopotamia was stricter. Politically, albeit both Egypt and Mesopotamia had one primary ruler, Egypt was concentrated and Mesopotamia was decentralized. In Mesopotamia, the males enslaved the females. To prevent wedded women from enticing other men, they had to cover their bodies, aside from their appearances, with shroud. Females in Mesopotamia were frequently masterminded into relationships, without a state regarding the matter. The Mesopotamian females had little effect on their general public, while certain Egyptian females had the option to pick up profoundly compelling situations in their general public. One Egyptian lady even turned into the Queen of Egypt, close by her child. Because of Egypt being less severe towards the women, Egyptian females had the option to affect their general public. Albeit the two developments were man centric, they shifted on how exacting they were towards females. Antiquated civic establishments encompassing Egypt and Mesopotamia during this timespan had comparative political and social structures to both of the human advancements. Most social orders with a brought together government didn’t consider their to be as celestial as pharaohs. A few human advancements, similar to the Chinese rulers and their Mandate of Heaven, ruled with a power like the Egyptian pharaohs. In any case, the Chinese realm could likewise be toppled on the off chance that they were an awful ruler. The Greek city-states additionally continually battled each to pick up control over all of Greece. Socially, old developments were not as tolerant towards their women.

Lastly, we will compare and contrast the ancient Americas and ancient Indian civilizations. Both of these civilizations had begun in tropical settings. Each of these areas actually actually share many similarities although ancient Indians had settled atop many plains and many of their largest mountains were located north of them being in what we now know as the Himalayas. The ancient Americas settled among various locations that vary from plains to more mountainous regions. Moving on to the religions of each of these religions, we can learn a lot about them through their beliefs. In Hindu folklore, Lord Vishnu is spoken to as laying on the snake, Ananta or Sheshnaga. The bird, Garuda is his transporter or vehicle. In the Hindu sanctuaries committed to the love of Lord Vishnu, both Sheshnaga and Garuda are appeared close by. Sheshnaga speaks to the water gods while Garuda speaks to the Vedas and the sun powered gods. The snake is of incredible hugeness in all the Mesoamerican societies including the Maya culture as well. The Maya Kukulkán or the Aztec Quetzalcóatl, the Feathered Serpent god is the mix of Sheshnaga and Garuda. Both the Hindus and the Maya utilized comparable things in their love customs. Illustrious symbols, frameworks of government, and practice of strict move and sanctuary adore all demonstrated momentous similitudes. The Hindu position framework was predominant in the Maya culture as well and in the two societies, the cleric class was the retainer of information on religion, space science, science, arithmetic, and so on. Maya sanctuaries and symbols were sumptuously enhanced with gold and valuable stones, much the same as those in India and their celestial pictures were painted in blue. The Maya of Yucatan offered creature penances to the divine beings similarly as is done in North India, at similar seasons and dictated by similar stars. Maya ‘scorpion stars’ were equivalent to the heavenly body Scorpio on Hindu outlines. At the Maya site of Uxmal in Yucatan, some phallic structures were found which were later evacuated by the experts in the late nineteenth century. In Hindu culture, phallic structures are revered as Shiva Lingams speaking to Lord Shiva. 

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