Article 5 of the human rights declaration states “No human should be subject to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment”. Yet today over 40.3 million people in the world are subjected to the abuse and torment of slavery on the daily. Of this extensive number, a large proportion of slavery exists in North Africa especially Libya, an unstable country on the North African border.
Slavery in Libya commenced in the early 1830’s and since has been a devastatingly recurring problem. It was started by the Taureg who facilitated and organised slave trade and continued with a number of people forced into slavery, debt bondage, child slavery, sex trafficking, servitude or just plain abuse. In 2017 the world was startled by the release of a viral video capturing the harsh reality of slave markets in Libya. Here thousands of men and woman were captured, mistreated and sold off for over 400 dollars. The core roots to this issue originate from the vast number of migrants and refugees who aim to escape from the Middle East and Africa to Europe through Libya. The journey is halted by slave markets in Libya who capture thousands of these innocent people, sell them or hold them for ransom. These issues have to be stopped and Libya therefore stands strongly against slavery. Libya as a nation is politically unstable as it is currently in a civil war and has a number of ISIS troops saturated in the nation.
Slavery in Ethiopia cannot be tackled unless this ongoing civil war is solved. The UN Security Council peace troops need to collectively take physical action against the ISIS in Libya and help restore political stability with the government. Once this issue is tackled slavery must be stopped at its roots. The key reason for slavery is failed migration to Europe through Libya. Migration can be banned through Libya due to the civil war and slave markets. Instead migration can be encouraged through neighbouring countries on the North African border such as Algeria, Tunisia and Egypt. UN peacekeeping troops can patrol the migration borders and ensure the migrants make it safely across the border without being captured by slave markets. Migration due to lack of jobs and poverty and child labour can be stopped by getting the UNESCO to set up schools in Northern Africa to improve the education.
The UN can help gather funds from developed nations to provide subsidies for poor and unemployed people to reduce poverty. UN peace keeping troops can organise raids onto slave markets to rescue captured slaves around the borders of nations. Heavy penalties can also be imposed onto slave owners and traders by law: Inclusive of jail time and fines. The ECOSOC and human rights commission can collaborate on an anti-slavery trade mark for all products sold worldwide. This will discourage all brands from using forced labour and will alert authorities about companies who do so. Any brand found using forced labour in production without this trademark can be immediately shut down with heavy penalties. Any products without this trade mark will not be imported or exported either.
To put immediate stop to labour or sex trafficking the CIA in the international secret agency can investigate the databases of slave traders and block communication channels. The Intel information can be used to track down these slaves and physical trades conducted by the UN troops can be used to halt the situation. Libya is devastated by the harsh reality of slavery and believes the only way to resolve it is through international cooperation. Libya looks forward to collaborating with all nations to come up with a conclusive resolution to end slavery once and for all.
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