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“Sigmund Freud, often known as the father of psychoanalysis, is one of the most important figures in the early development of the field of psychology” Wack, M. Sigismund, which was later changed to Sigmund, was born May 6, 1856. He was born in Freiberg, Moravia. His parents’ names were Jakob Freud and Amalia Nathansohn. He had eight siblings, which he was the oldest. Freud handled many cases and was the father of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is a clinical method for treating psychopathology between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
In 1859, Freud’s family moved and left Freiberg, Moravia. They ended up in Vienna.“In 1965, the nine-year-old Freud entered the Leopoldstädter Kommunal-Realgymnasium, a prominent high school” Wikipedia – Sigmund Freud. He was an extremely smart student and graduated from Matura in 1873. Literature was one of his favorite subjects. Freud went to the University of Vienna. He originally wanted to study law, but ended up in the medical faculty where he studied philosophy, physiology, and zoology. He spent about a month at Claus’s Zoological Research station where he dissected eels in search for their male reproductive organs. Then in 1877, Freud moved to “Ernst Brucke’s physiology laboratory where he spent 6 years six years comparing the brains of humans and other vertebrates with those of invertebrates such as frogs” Wikipedia – Sigmund Freud. He graduated from The University of Vienna With a Doctorate of Medicine in March 1881.
Freud landed his first job in 1882 at the Vienna General Hospital. He worked in many different departments while he was there. He spent most of his time in a local asylum which led him to want to do clinical work. Freud advanced so much that he became a lecturer at the University of Vienna in Neuropathology in 1885. After resigning in 1886, Freud began private practices focusing on psychological disorders. “Freud was a groundbreaker in the fields of psychology and psychoanalysis, pioneering the scientific study of the mind, repressed thoughts and memories and the influence of sexual development on a psychological disorder” Wack, M.
Practicing psychoanalyst, Freud treated high profile patients writing down their symptoms using pseudonyms. His treatments included therapies like “association, during which patients were encouraged to speak freely in a stream of conscious style with direction from Freud as well as the interpretation of dreams, in which Freud listened to accounts of remembered dreams and subsequently analyze their unconscious significance” Wack, M.By 1896 Freud called his clinical work “psychoanalysis.” Psychoanalysis was one of Freud’s biggest contributions to psychology. Freud believed many psychological disorders came from childhood trauma and repressed sexuality. Psychoanalyst uncovers these imbedded experiences and feelings.
Freud published and wrote many books on psychoanalyst. In 1899, Freud published “The Interpretation of Dreams,” the book explains the role of the conscious mind, which was his most important and influential work. In 1901, he published “The Psychopathology of Everyday Life.” This book outlined Freud’s psychoanalytic theory. Freud’s theory explained things that occur in everyday life, like forgetting names and errors in speech. In 1905, Freud published “Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality.” This book was about his theory of sexual development and the correspondence between sex and social behavior.
In 1923, Freud found a benign growth in his mouth due to heavy smoking. He met with a dietologist which told him to stop smoking but also gave him false information. Freud then later saw another dermatologist name Felix Deutsch that noticed it was cancerous. Deutsch advised him for the second time to quit smoking. He was treated by Marcus Hajek in his clinic. Freud bled so much during the operation he nearly faced death. He saw Deutsch again because he needed another surgery, but Deutsch did not tell him about it being cancerous. Freud’s cancer of the jaw was causing him excruciating pain, so he asked his doctor to put him asleep. He was put to sleep by morphine September 23, 1939.
Sigmund Freud was an important figure in psychology. His discovery of psychoanalyst is something many variants later followed to achieve behavioral change having patients talk about their difficulties and problems.