The tragic play Macbeth, written by William Shakespeare, entails sombre moments of a soldier’s ambition to become king. His wish to conquer a kingdom causes him to abandon his faith and morality, thus transforming him into a desperate person seeking power by committing a heinous crime. The most notable theme that is present throughout the play is Shakespeare’s use of fidelity. This can be seen when Macbeth uses people’s geniality to his advantage. In the beginning, King Duncan welcomed him into his home and gave him gifts because of his admiration for Macbeth. Shakespeare uses fidelity as a device to portray a message for us readers that Macbeth is not to be trusted when the king said, ‘There is no way to read a man’s mind by looking at his face, I trusted Cawdor completely,’ . Macbeth walked into the room after the king said that. Duncan decides to recruit him by granting him the title of “Thane of Cawdor”, making him a great nobleman. Macbeth showed his devotion and pride by being the new Cawdor; this is shown when Macbeth said: ‘I am his kinsman and his subject,’. However, this quickly changes when the king decides to make his son, Malcolm, as his successor. Macbeth started to change his view on his role as Cawdor and with the help of his wife, Lady Macbeth, he becomes convinced of killing the king. Throughout the play, Shakespeare expresses loyalty in different characters as well; for instance, there is Bonque, who, like Macbeth, is an ambitious noble. Loyalty is shown when Bonque says, ‘So I lose none In seeking to augment it, but still keep My bosom franchised and allegiance clear, I shall be counsell’d.’ Bonque does not wish to be involved in gaining status and joining forces, but he still respects and follows Lady Macbeth and Macbeth’s orders. Shakespeare offers a vivid picture of the different ways loyalty is used throughout the play.
During the Renaissance, drama was the focal point of literature and would make a significant contribution to the culture of movies and books we have today. In Shakespeare’s work, the most characteristic feature is guilt; this is, for instance, guilt is shown in the play Hamlet when Hamlet feels guilty about his father’s death. In Macbeth, the main theme is guilt, and it is seen throughout the play on how consistent Shakespeare is on portraying the aftermath after committing murder. Lady Macbeth was the mastermind behind the crime who convinces Macbeth into believing that killing was the right thing to do. This guilt of his makes him a weak character, which makes readers feel an affinity toward him and instead of speculating that it might be a spell that caused this.
What Macbeth means by this is that his guilt cannot be washed away, no matter the water. He broke the promise and trust of King Duncan and everyone around him. However, his actions are repeated, and he commits murder once again, this time against Bonque. It seems like he cannot stop himself from killing those he sees as a threat, although he knows the immorality of it and feels guilty about it. Macbeth expresses his guilt after killing Bonuque by saying, ‘Thy bones are marrowless, thy blood is cold. Thou hast no speculation in those eyes’. He is talking to what he thinks is the ghost of Bonque, and his sense of guilt and self-resentment becomes so strong that he is beginning to hallucinate. Although Lady Macbeth is the catalyst of Macbeth’s actions, she is the one who suffers from it the most. Her guilt has led to night terrors that caused her to commit suicide in the end.